Kinh Trường Bộ 16 Pali : Kinh Ðại Bát-Niết-Bàn (Mahāparinibbāna sutta)

Kinh Trường Bộ 16 Pali : Kinh Ðại Bát-Niết-Bàn (Mahāparinibbāna sutta)

Dīgha Nikāya

Sutta 16

Mahā-Parinibbāna Suttaṃ

Adapted from the digital version of the Sri Lanka Buddha Jayanti Tripitaka Series


[72]

[1][stor][pts][than][bs][wrrn] Evaṃ Me Sutaṃ.|| ||

Ekaṃ samayaṃ Bhagavā Rājagahe viharati Gijjhakūṭe pabbate.|| ||

Tena kho pana samayena rājā Māgadho Ajātasattu Vedehīputto Vajjī abhiyātu-kāmo hoti.|| ||

So evam āha:|| ||

“Ahañ hi’me Vajjī|| evaṃ-mahiddhike|| evaṃ-mah-ā-nubhāve,|| ucchejjhāmi Vajjī|| vināsessāmi Vajjī|| anaya-vyasanaṃ āpādessāmi Vajjī” ti.|| ||

2. Atha kho rājā Māgadho Ajātasattu Vedehiputto Vassakāraṃ brāhmaṇaṃ Magadha-mahā-mattaṃ āmantesi:|| ||

“Ehi tvaṃ brāhmaṇa,|| yena Bhagavā ten’upasaṅkama.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā mama vacanena Bhagavato pāde sirasā vandāhi,|| appābādhaṃ|| appātaṅkaṃ|| lahu-ṭ-ṭhānaṃ balaṃ phāsu-vihāraṃ puccha:|| ||

‘Rājā bhante, Māgadho Ajātasattu Vedehiputto Bhagavato pāde sirasā vandati,|| appābādhaṃ|| appātaṅkaṃ|| lahu-ṭ-ṭhānaṃ balaṃ phāsu-vihāraṃ pucchatī’ ti.|| ||

Evañ ca vadehi:|| ||

“Rājā bhante, Māgadho Ajātasattu Vedehiputto Vajjī abhiyātu-kāmo.|| ||

So evam āha:

‘Ahañ hi’me Vajjī|| evaṃ-mahiddhike|| evaṃ-mah-ā-nubhāve,|| ucchejjhāmi Vajjī,|| vināsessāmī Vajjī,|| anaya- [73] vyasanaṃ āpādessāmī Vajjī’ ti.|| ||

Yathā ca te Bhagavā vyākaroti,|| taṃ sādhukaṃ uggahetvā mamaṃ āroceyyāsi,|| na hi Tathāgatā vitathaṃ bhaṇantī” ti.|| ||

3. “Evaṃ bho” ti kho Vassakāro brāhmaṇo Magadha-mahā-matto rañño Māgadhassa Ajātasattussa Vedehiputtassa paṭi-s-sutvā,|| bhaddāni bhaddāni yānāni yojāpetvā,|| bhaddaṃ yānaṃ abhirūhitvā,|| bhaddehi bhaddehi yānehi Rājagahamhā niyyāsi,|| yena Gijjhakūṭo pabbato tena pāyāsi,|| yāvatikā yānassa bhūmi|| yānena gantvā|| yānā paccorohitvā pattiko va|| yena Bhagavā ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā Bhagavatā saddhiṃ sammodi.|| ||

Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sārāṇīyaṃ vīti-sāretvā eka-m-antaṃ nisīdi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ nisinno kho Vassakāro brāhmaṇo Magadha-mahā-matto Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca:|| ||

“Rājā bho Gotama, Māgadho Ajātasattu Vedehiputto bhoto Gotamassa pāde sirasā vandati,|| appābādhaṃ|| appātaṅkaṃ|| lahu-ṭ-ṭhānaṃ balaṃ phāsu-vihāraṃ pucchati.|| ||

Rājā bho Gotama, Māgadho Ajātasattu Vedehiputto Vajjī abhiyātu-kāmo.|| ||

So evam āha:|| ||

‘Ahaṃ hi ime Vajjī evaṃ-mahiddhike|| evaṃ-mah-ā-nubhāve,|| ucchejjhāmi Vajjī,|| vināsessāmi Vajjī|| anaya-vyasanaṃ āpādessāmi Vajjī'” ti.|| ||

4. Tena kho pana samayen’āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato piṭṭhito ṭhito hoti Bhagavantaṃ vījamāno.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi:|| ||

“Kin ti te Ānanda, sutaṃ?|| ||

Vajjī abhiṇhaṃ sannipātā sannipāta-bahulā” ti?|| ||

“Sutaṃ me taṃ bhante,|| Vajjī abhiṇhaṃ sannipātā sannipāta-bahulā” ti.|| ||

“Yāva kīvañ ca Ānanda,|| Vajjī abhiṇhaṃ sannipātā sannipāta-bahulā bhavissanti,|| vuddhi yeva Ānanda,|| Vajjīnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā no parihāni.|| ||

Kin ti te Ānanda, [74] sutaṃ:|| ||

Vajjī samaggā sannipātanti,|| samaggā vuṭṭhahanti,|| samaggā Vajjī-karaṇīyāni karontī” ti?|| ||

“Sutaṃ me taṃ bhante,|| Vajjī samaggā sannipatanti,|| samaggā vuṭṭhahanti,|| samaggā Vajjī-karaṇīyāni karontī” ti.|| ||

“Yāva kīvañ ca Ānanda,|| Vajjī samaggā sanni-patissanti,|| samaggā vuṭṭhahissanti,|| samaggā Vajji-karaṇīyāni karissanti,|| vuddhi yeva Ānanda Vajjīnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.”|| ||

“Kin ti te Ānanda sutaṃ?|| ||

Vajjī apaññattaṃ na paññapenti,|| paññattaṃ na samucchindanti,|| yathā paññatte porāṇe Vajji-dhamme samādāya vattantī” ti?|| ||

“Sutaṃ me taṃ bhante,|| Vajjī apaññattaṃ na paññapenti,|| paññattaṃ na samucchindanti,|| yathā paññatte porāṇe Vajji-dhamme samādāya vattanti” ti.|| ||

“Yāva kīvañ ca Ānanda Vajjī|| apaññattaṃ na paññapessanti,|| paññattaṃ na samucchindissanti,|| yathā paññatte porāṇe Vajji-dhamme samādāya vattissanti,|| vuddhi yeva Ānanda Vajjīnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Kin ti te Ānanda sutaṃ?|| ||

Vajjī ye te Vajjīnaṃ Vajji-mahallakā,|| te sakkaronti garu-karonti mānenti pūjenti,|| tesañ ca sotabbaṃ maññantī” ti?|| ||

“Sutam me taṃ bhante,|| Vajjī ye te Vajjīnaṃ Vajji-mahallakā,|| te sakkaronti garu-karonti mānenti pūjenti,|| tesañ ca sotabbaṃ maññantī” ti.|| ||

“Yāva kīvañ ca Ānanda Vajji ye te Vajjīnaṃ Vajji-mahallakā,|| te sakkarissanti garu-karissanti mānessanti pūjessanti,|| tesañ ca sotabbaṃ maññissanti,|| vuddhi yeva Ānanda Vajjīnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.”|| ||

“Kin ti te Ānanda sutaṃ?|| ||

Vajjī yā tā kulitthiyo kula-kumāriyo tā na okkassa pasayha vāsentī” ti?|| ||

“Sutam me taṃ bhante,|| Vajjī yā tā kulitthiyo kulakumāriyo,|| tā na okkassa pasayha vāsenti” ti.|| ||

“Yāva kīvañ ca Ānanda Vajjī yā tā kulitthiyo kulakumāriyo,|| tā na okkassa pasayha vāsessanti,|| vuddhi yeva Ānanda Vajjīnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.”|| ||

“Kin ti te Ānanda sutaṃ?|| ||

Vajjī yāni tāni Vajjīnaṃ Vajji-cetiyāni abbhantarāni c’eva bāhirāni ca,|| tāni sakkaronti garu-karonti mānenti pūjenti,|| tesañ ca dinna-pubbaṃ kata-pubbaṃ dhammikaṃ baliṃ no parihāpentī” ti?|| ||

[75] “Sutam me taṃ bhante,|| Vajjī yāni tāni Vajjīnaṃ Vajji-cetiyāni,|| abbhantarāni c’eva bāhirāni ca,|| tāni sakkaronti garu-karonti mānenti pūjenti,|| tesañ ca dinna-pubbaṃ kata-pubbaṃ dhammikaṃ baliṃ no parihāpenti” ti.|| ||

“Yāva kīvañ ca Ānanda Vajjī yāni tāni Vajjīnaṃ Vajji-cetiyāni abbhantarāni c’eva bāhirāni ca,|| tāni sakkarissanti garukarussanti mānessanti pūjessanti,|| tesañ ca dinna-pubbaṃ kata-pubbaṃ dhammikaṃ baliṃ no parihāpessanti,|| vuddhi yeva Ānanda Vajjīnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.”|| ||

“Kin ti te Ānanda sutaṃ?|| ||

Vajjīnaṃ Arahantesu dhammikārakkhāvaraṇa-gutti susaṃvihitā:|| kin ti anāgatā ca Arahanto vijitaṃ āgaccheyyuṃ,|| āgatā ca Arahanto vijite phāsuṃ vihareyyun” ti?|| ||

“Sutam me taṃ bhante Vajjīnaṃ Arahantesu dhammikārakkhāvaraṇa-gutti susaṃvihitā:|| kin ti anāgatā ca Arahanto vijitaṃ āgaccheyyuṃ,|| āgatā ca Arahanto vijite phāsuṃ vihareyyun” ti.|| ||

“Yāva kīvañ ca Ānanda Vajjīnaṃ Arahantesu dhammikārakkhāvaraṇa-gutti susaṃvihitā bhavissanti:|| kin ti anāgatā ca Arahanto vijitaṃ āgaccheyyuṃ,|| āgatā ca Arahanto vijite phāsuṃ vihareyyun ti,|| vuddhi yeva Ānanda Vajjīnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihānī” ti.|| ||

5. Atha kho Bhagavā Vassakāraṃ brāhmaṇaṃ Magadha-mahā-mattaṃ āmantesi:|| ||

“Ekam idāhaṃ brāhmaṇa samayaṃ Vesāliyaṃ viharāmi Sārandade cetiye.|| ||

Tatrāhaṃ Vajjīnaṃ ime satta aparihāniye dhamme desesiṃ.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca brāhmaṇa ime satta aparihāniyā dhammā Vajjīsu ṭhassanti,|| imesu ca sattasu aparihāniyesu dhammesu Vajjī sandississanti,|| vuddhi yeva brāhmaṇa Vajjīnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihānī” ti.|| ||

Evaṃ vutte Vassakāro brāhmaṇo Magadha-mahā-matto Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca:|| ||

“Ekam ekenā pi bho Gotama aparihāniyena dhammena samannāgatānaṃ Vajjīnaṃ vuddhi yeva pāṭikaṅkhā no [76] parihāni,|| ko pana vādo sattahi aparihāniyehi dhammehi?|| ||

Akaraṇīyā va bho Gotama Vajjī raññā Māgadhena Ajātasattunā Vedehi-puttena yad idaṃ yuddhassa,|| aññatra upalāpanāya aññatra mithu-bhedā.|| ||

“Handa ca dāni mayaṃ bho Gotama gacchāma,|| bahu-kiccā mayaṃ bahu-karaṇīyā” ti.|| ||

“Yassa dāni tvaṃ brāhmaṇa kālaṃ maññasī” ti.|| ||

Atha kho Vassakāro brāhmaṇo Magadha-mahā-matto Bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinan’ditvā anumo-ditvā uṭṭhāy’āsanā pakkāmi.|| ||

6. Atha kho Bhagavā acira-pakkante Vassakāre brāhmaṇe Magadha-mahāmatte āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi:|| ||

“Gaccha tvaṃ Ānanda,|| yāvatikā bhikkhū Rājagahaṃ upanissāya viharanti,|| te sabbe upaṭṭhāna-sālāyaṃ sannipātehī” ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paṭi-s-sutvā yāvatikā bhikkhū Rājagahaṃ upanissāya viharanti,|| te sabbe upaṭṭhāna-sālāyaṃ sannipātetvā yena Bhagavā ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā Bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā eka-m-antaṃ aṭṭhāsi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ ṭhito kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca:|| ||

“Sannipātito bhante bhikkhu-saṅgho.|| ||

Yassa dāni bhante Bhagavā kālaṃ maññasī” ti.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā uṭṭhāy āsanā yena upaṭṭhāna-sālā ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā paññatte āsane nisīdi.|| ||

Nisajja kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi:|| ||

“Satta vo bhikkhave aparihāniye dhamme desessāmi.|| ||

Taṃ suṇātha,|| sādhukaṃ manasi-karotha,|| bhāsissāmī” ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho te bhikkhū Bhagavato paccassosuṃ.|| ||

Bhagavā etad avoca:|| ||

“Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu abhiṇhaṃ sannipātā|| sannipāta-bahulā bhavissanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū samaggā sanni-patissanti samaggā vuṭṭhahissanti samaggā Saṅgha-karaṇīyāni [77] karissanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā|| no parihāni. || ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhu apaññattaṃ na paññapessanti,|| paññattaṃ na samucchindissanti,|| yathāpaññattesu sikkhā-padesu samādāya vattissanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū ye te bhikkhū therā rattaññū cira-pabba-jitā Saṅgha-pitaro Saṅgha-parināyakā,|| te sakkarissanti garu-karissanti mānessanti pūjessanti,|| tesañ ca sotabbaṃ maññissanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhu bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū uppannāya taṇhāya pono-bhavikāya na vasaṃ gacchanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū āraññakesu sen’āsanesu sāpekkhā bhavissanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū paccattaṃ yeva satiṃ upaṭṭhapessanti,|| kin ti anāgatā ca pesalā sabrahma-cārī āgaccheyyuṃ,|| āgatā ca pesalā sabrahma-cārī phāsuṃ vihareyyun ti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave ime satta aparihāniyā dhammā bhikkhūsu ṭhassanti,|| imesu ca sattasu aparihāniyesu dhammesu bhikkhū sandissanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā|| no parihāni.|| ||

7. “Apare pi kho bhikkhave satta aparihāniye dhamme desessāmi.|| ||

Taṃ suṇātha,|| sādhukaṃ manasi-karotha,|| bhāsissāmī” ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho te bhikkhū Bhagavato paccassosuṃ.|| ||

Bhagavā etad avoca:|| ||

“Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū na kamm’ārāmā [78] bhavissanti na kamma-ratā na kamm’ārāmataṃ anuyuttā,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū na bhass’ārāmā bhavissanti na bhassa-ratā na bhass-ā-rāmataṃ anuyuttā,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū na nidd-ā-rāmā bhavissanti na niddrā-ratā na nidd-ā-rāmataṃ anuyuttā,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū na saṅgaṇ’ik-ā-rāmā bhavissanti na saṅgaṇ’ikā-ratā na saṅgaṇ’ik-ā-rāmataṃ anuyuttā,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū na pāpicchā bhavissanti na pāpikānaṃ icchānaṃ vasaṃ gatā,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū na pāpa-mittā bhavissanti na pāpa-sahāyā na pāpa-sampavaṅkā,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū na oramatta-kena visesādhi-gamena antarā vosānaṃ āpajji-s-santi,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave ime satta aparihāniyā dhammā bhikkhūsu ṭhassanti,|| imesu ca sattasu aparihāniyesu dhammesu bhikkhu sandissanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā no parihāni.”|| ||

8. “Apare pi kho bhikkhave satta aparihāniye dhamme desessāmi.|| ||

Taṃ suṇātha,|| sādhukaṃ manasi karotha,|| bhāsissāmī” ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho te bhikkhū Bhagavato paccassosuṃ.|| ||

Bhagavā etad avoca:|| ||

“Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū saddhā bhavissanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū hirimanā bhavissanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū ottāpī bhavissanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū bahu-s-sutā [79] bhavissanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū āraddha-viriyā bhavissanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū upatthika-satī bhavissanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū paññā’vanto bhavissanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave ime satta aparihāniyā dhammā bhikkhūsu ṭhassanti,|| imesu sattasu aparihāniyesu dhammesu bhikkhū sandissanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.”|| ||

9. “Apare pi kho bhikkhave satta aparihāniye dhamme desessāmi.|| ||

Taṃ suṇātha,|| sādhukaṃ manasi-karotha,|| bhāsissāmī” ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho te bhikkhū Bhagavato paccassosuṃ.|| ||

Bhagavā etad avoca:|| ||

“Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū sati-sambojjh’aṅgaṃ bhāvessanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū dhamma-vicaya-sambojjh’aṅgaṃ bhāvessanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū viriya-sambojjh’aṅgaṃ bhāvessanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū pīti-sambojjh’aṅgaṃ bhāvessanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū passaddhi-sambojjh’aṅgaṃ bhāvessanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū samādhi-sambojjh’aṅgaṃ bhāvessanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū upekkhā-sambojjh’aṅgaṃ bhāvessanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave ime satta aparihāniyā dhammā bhikkhūsu ṭhassanti,|| imesu ca aparihāniyesu dhammesu bhikkhū sandissanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.”|| ||

10. “Apare pi vo bhikkhave satta aparihāniye dhamme desessāmi.|| ||

Taṃ suṇātha,|| sādhukaṃ manasi-karotha,|| bhāsissāmī” ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho te bhikkhū Bhagavato paccassosuṃ.|| ||

Bhagavā etad avoca:|| ||

“Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū anicca-saññaṃ bhāvessanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū anatta-saññaṃ bhāvessanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū asubha-saññaṃ bhāvessanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū ādīnava-saññaṃ bhāvessanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū pahāna-saññaṃ bhāvessanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū virāga-saññaṃ bhāvessanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū nirodha-saññaṃ bhāvessanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

[80] Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave ime satta aparihāniyā dhammā bhikkhūsu ṭhassanti,|| imesu ca sattasu aparihāniyesu dhammesu bhikkhū sandissanti vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā|| no parihāni.”|| ||

11. “Cha, bhikkhave aparihāniye dhamme desessāmi.|| ||

Taṃ suṇātha,|| sādhukaṃ manasi-karotha,|| bhāsissāmī” ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho te bhikkhū Bhagavato paccassosuṃ.|| ||

Bhagavā etad avoca:|| ||

“Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū metataṃ kāya-kammaṃ pacc’upaṭṭhāpessanti sabrahma-cārīsu āvī c’eva raho ca,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū mettaṃ vacī-kammaṃ pacc’upaṭṭhāpessanti sabrahma-cārīsu āvī c’eva raho ca,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū mettaṃ mano-kammaṃ pacc’upaṭṭhāpessanti sabrahma-cārīsu āvī c’eva raho ca,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū ye te lābhā dhammikā dhamma-laddhā antamaso patta-pariyāpanna-mattam pi,|| tathā-rūpehi lābhehi appaṭivibhatta-bhogī bhavissanti sīlavantehi sabrahma-cārīhi sādhāraṇa-bhogī,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhū yāni tāni sīlāni akhaṇḍāni acchiddāni asa-balāni akammā-sāni bhujissāni viññūppasatthāni aparām-aṭṭhāni samādhi-saṃvaṭṭanikāni,|| tathā-rūpesu sīlesu sīla-sāmañña-gatā viharissanti sabrahma-cārīhi āvī c’eva raho ca,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni.|| ||

Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ yā’yaṃ diṭṭhi ariyā niyyānikā niyyāti takkarassa sammā-dukkha-k-khayāya,|| tathā-rūpāya diṭṭhiyā diṭṭhi-sāmañña-gatā viharissanti sabrahma-cārīhi āvī c’eva raho ca,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihāni. || ||

[81] Yāva kīvañ ca bhikkhave ime cha aparihāniyā dhammā bhikkhūsu ṭhassanti,|| imesu ca chasu aparihāniyesu dhammesu bhikkhū sandissanti,|| vuddhi yeva bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ pāṭikaṅkhā,|| no parihānī” ti.|| ||

12. Tatra sudaṃ Bhagavā Rājagahe viharanto Gijjhakūṭe pabbate etad eva bahulaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ dhammiṃ kathaṃ karoti:|| ||

“Iti sīlaṃ,|| iti samādhi,|| iti paññā.|| ||

Sīla-paribhāvito samādhi maha-p-phalo hoti mahā-nisaṃso.|| ||

Samādhi-paribhāvitā paññā maha-p-phalā hoti mahā-nisaṃso.|| ||

Paññā-paribhāvitaṃ cittaṃ samma-d-eva āsavehi vimuccati,|| seyyath’īdaṃ:|| kām’āsavā|| bhav’āsavā|| avijj-ā-savā” ti.|| ||

13. Atha kho Bhagavā Rājagahe yath-ā-bhirattaṃ viharitvā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi:|| ||

“Āyām Ānanda yena Ambalaṭṭhikā ten’upasaṅkamissāmā” ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paccassosi.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā mahatā bhikkhu-saṅghena saddhiṃ yena Ambalaṭṭhikā tad avasari.|| ||

14. Tatra sudaṃ Bhagavā Ambalaṭṭhikāyaṃ viharati Rājāgārake.|| ||

Tatra pi sudaṃ Bhagavā Ambalaṭṭhikāyaṃ viharanto Rājāgārake etad eva bahulaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ dhammiṃ kathaṃ karoti:|| ||

“Iti sīlaṃ,|| iti samādhi,|| iti paññā.|| ||

Sīla-paribhāvito samādhi maha-p-phalo hoti mahā-nisaṃso.|| ||

Samādhi-paribhāvitā paññā maha-p-phalā hoti mahā-nisaṃsā.|| ||

Paññā-paribhāvitaṃ cittaṃ samma-d-eva āsavehi vimuccati,|| seyyath’īdaṃ: kām’āsavā bhav’āsavā avijj-ā-savā” ti.|| ||

15. Atha kho Bhagavā Ambalaṭṭhikāyaṃ yath-ā-bhirattaṃ viharitvā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi:|| ||

“Āyam Ānanda, yena Nālandā ten’upasaṅkamissāmā” ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paccassosi.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā bhikkhu-saṅghena saddhiṃ yena Nālandā tad avasari.|| ||

Tatra sudaṃ Bhagavā Nāḷandāyaṃ viharati PāvārikAmbavane.|| ||

16. Atha kho āyasmā Sāriputto yena Bhagavā ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā Bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā [82] eka-m-antaṃ nisīdi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ nisinno kho āyasmā Sāriputto Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca:|| ||

“Evaṃ pasanno ahaṃ bhante Bhagavatī:|| na cāhu|| na ca bhavissati|| na c’etarahi vijjati añño samaṇo vā brāhmaṇo Bhagavatā bhiyyo’bhiññataro yad idaṃ sambodhiyan” ti.|| ||

“Uḷārā kho te ayaṃ Sāriputta āsabhī vācā bhāsitā,|| ekaṃso gahito,|| sīha-nādo nadito:|| ||

‘Evaṃ pasanno aham bhante Bhagavati:|| na cāhu|| na ca bhavissati|| na c’etarahi vijjati añño samaṇo vā brāhmaṇo vā Bhagavatā bhiyyo’bhiññataro yad idaṃ sambodhiyan’ ti.|| ||

“Kin nu Sāriputta ye te ahesuṃ atītam addhānaṃ Arahanto Sammā-Sambuddhā,|| sabbe te Bhagavanto cetasā ceto paricca viditā:|| ||

‘Evaṃ-sīlā te Bhagavanto ahesuṃ iti pi,|| evaṃ-dhammā,|| evaṃ-paññā,|| evaṃ-vihārī,|| evaṃ vimuttā te Bhagavanto ahesuṃ iti pī'” ti?|| ||

“No h’etaṃ bhante.”|| ||

“Kim pana Sāriputta ye te bhavissanti anāgatam addhānaṃ Arahanto Sammā-Sambuddhā,|| sabbe te Bhagavanto cetasā ceto paricca viditā:|| evaṃ-sīlā te Bhagavanto bhavissanti iti pi,|| evaṃ-dhammā,|| evaṃ-paññā,|| evaṃ-vihārī,|| evaṃ-vimuttā te Bhagavanto bhavissanti iti pī” ti?|| ||

“No h’etaṃ bhante”.|| ||

“Kim pana Sāriputta ahaṃ te etarahi arahaṃ Sammā-SamBuddho cetasā ceto paricca vidito:|| evaṃsīlo Bhagavā iti pi,|| evaṃ-dhammo,|| evaṃ-pañño,|| evaṃ-vihārī,|| evaṃ-vimutto Bhagavā iti pī” ti?|| ||

“No h’etaṃ bhante”.|| ||

Etth’eva hi te Sāriputta atīt-ā-nāgata-pacc’uppannesu Arahantesu Sammā-Sambuddhesu ceto-pariya-ñāṇaṃ n’atthi.|| ||

Atha kiñ carahi te ayaṃ Sāriputta uḷārā [83] āsabhī vācā bhāsitā,|| ekaṃso gahito,|| sīha-nādo nadito:|| ||

“Evaṃ pasanno ahaṃ bhante Bhagavati|| na cāhu|| na ca bhavissati|| na c’etarahi vijjati añño samaṇo vā brāhmaṇo vā Bhagavatā bhiyyo’bhiññataro yad idaṃ sambodhiyan” ti?|| ||

17. Na kho me bhante atīt-ā-nāgata-pacc’uppannesu Arahantesu Sammā-Sambuddhesu ceto-pariya-ñāṇaṃ atthi.|| ||

Api ca dhamm’anvayo vidito.|| ||

Seyyathā pi bhante rañño paccantimaṃ nagaraṃ daḷhuddāpaṃ daḷha-pākāratoraṇaṃ eka-dvāraṃ,|| tatr’assa dovāriko paṇḍito vyatto medhāvī aññātānaṃ nivāretā ñātānaṃ pavesetā.|| ||

So tassa nagarassa sāmantā anupariyāya pathaṃ anukkama māno na passeyya pākāra-sandhiṃ vā pākāra-vivaraṃ vā antamaso biḷāra-nissakkana-mattam pi.|| ||

Tassa evam assa:|| ye kho keci oḷārikā pāṇā imaṃ nagaraṃ pavisanti vā|| ni-k-khamanti vā|| sabbe te iminā va|| dvārena pavisanti vā|| ni-k-khamanti vā ti.|| ||

Evam eva kho me bhante dhamm’anvayo vidito.|| ||

Ye te bhante ahesuṃ atītam addhānaṃ Arahanto Sammā-Sambuddhā,|| sabbe te Bhagavanto pañca-nīvaraṇe pahāya cetaso upakkilese paññāya dubbalī-karaṇe,|| catusu sati-paṭṭhānesu suppati-ṭ-ṭhita-cittā,|| satta-bojjh’aṅge yathā-bhūtaṃ bhāvetvā anuttaraṃ sammā-sambodhiṃ abhisambujjhiṃsu.|| ||

Ye pi te bhante bhavissanti anāgatam addhānaṃ Arahanto Sammā-Sambuddhā,|| sabbe te Bhagavanto pañca-nīvaraṇe pahāya cetaso upakkilese paññāya dubbalī-karaṇe,|| catūsu sati-paṭṭhānesu suppati-ṭ-ṭhita-cittā,|| satta-bojjh’aṅge yathā-bhūtaṃ bhāvetvā anuttaraṃ sammā-sambodhiṃ abhisambujjhissanti.|| ||

Bhagavā pi bhante etarahi arahaṃ Sammā-SamBuddho pañca-nīvaraṇe pahāya cetaso upakkilese paññāya dubbalī-karaṇe,|| catusu sati-paṭṭhānesu suppati-ṭ-ṭhita-citto,|| satta-bojjh’aṅge yathā-bhūtaṃ bhāvetvā anuttaraṃ sammā-sambodhiṃ abhisambuddho’ ti.|| ||

18. Tatra pi sudaṃ Bhagavā Nāḷandāyaṃ viharanto [84] Pāvārikambavane etad eva bahulaṃ bhikkhunaṃ dhammiṃ kathaṃ karoti:|| ||

“Iti sīlaṃ,|| iti samādhi,|| iti paññā,|| sīla-paribhāvito samādhi maha-p-phalo hoti mahā-nisaṃso,|| samādhi-paribhāvitā paññā maha-p-phalā hoti mahā-nisaṃsā.|| ||

Paññā-paribhāvitaṃ cittaṃ samma-d-eva āsavehi vimuccati seyyath’īdaṃ:|| kām’āsavā|| bhav’āsavā|| avijj-ā-savā” ti.|| ||

19. Atha kho Bhagavā Nāḷandāyaṃ yath-ā-bhirattaṃ viharitvā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi:|| ||

“Āyām Ānanda yena Pāṭaligāmo ten’upasaṅkamissāmā” ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paccassosi.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā mahatā bhikkhu-saṅghena saddhiṃ yena Pāṭaligāmo tad avasari.|| ||

20. Assosuṃ kho Pāṭaligāmiyā upāsakā “Bhagavā kira Pāṭaligāmaṃ anuppatto” ti.|| ||

Atha kho Pāṭaligāmiyā upāsakā yena Bhagavā ten’upasaṅkamiṃsu,|| upasaṅkamitvā Bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā eka-m-antaṃ nisīdiṃsu.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ nisinnā kho Pāṭaligāmiyā upāsakā Bhagavantaṃ etad avocuṃ:|| ||

“Adhivāsetu no bhante Bhagavā āvasathāgāran” ti.|| ||

Adhivāsesi Bhagavā tuṇhī-bhāvena,|| ||

21. Atha kho Pāṭaligāmiyā upāsakā Bhagavato adhivāsanaṃ viditvā,|| uṭṭhāy’āsanā,|| Bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā padakkhīṇaṃ katvā,|| yena āvasathāgāraṃ ten’upasaṅkamiṃsu.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā sabba-santhariṃ āvasathāgāraṃ santharitvā āsanāni paññā-petvā udaka-maṇiṃ patiṭṭhāpetvā tela-p-padīpaṃ āropetvā yena Bhagavā ten’upasaṅkamiṃsu.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā Bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā eka-m-antaṃ aṭṭhaṃsu.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ ṭhitā kho Pāṭaligāmiyā upāsakā Bhagavantaṃ etad avocuṃ:|| ||

“Sabba-satthariṃ santhataṃ bhante āvasathāgāraṃ,|| āsanāni paññattāni,|| udaka-maṇiko patiṭṭhāpito,|| tela-p-padīpo āropito,|| yassa dāni bhante Bhagavā kālaṃ maññatī” ti.|| ||

[85] 22. Atha kho Bhagavā sāyaṇha-samayaṃ nivāsetvā patta-cīvaraṃ ādāya saddhiṃ bhikkhu-saṅghena yena āvasathāgāraṃ ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā pāde pakkhāletvā āvasathāgāraṃ pavisitvā majjhimaṃ thambhaṃ nissāya puratthābhimukho nisīdi.|| ||

Bhikkhu-saṅgho pi kho pāde pakkhāletvā āvasathāgāraṃ pavisitvā pacchimaṃ bhittiṃ nissāya puratthābhimukho nisīdi Bhagavantaṃ yeva purakkhatvā.|| ||

Pāṭaligāmiyā pi kho upāsakā pāde pakkhāletvā āvasathāgāraṃ pivisitvā puratthimaṃ bhittiṃ nissāya pacchābhimukhā nisīdiṃsu Bhagavantaṃ yeva purakkhatvā.|| ||

23. Atha kho Bhagavā Pāṭaligāmiye upāsake āmantesi:|| ||

“Pañc’ime gahapatayo ādīnavā du-s-sīlassa sīla-vipattiyā.|| ||

Katame pañca?|| ||

“Idha gahapatayo du-s-sīlo sīla-vipanno pamādādhikaraṇaṃ mahatiṃ bhoga-jāniṃ nigacchati.|| ||

Ayaṃ paṭhamo ādīnavo du-s-sīlassa sīla-vipattiyā.|| ||

Puna ca paraṃ gahapatayo du-s-sīlassa sīla-vipannassa pāpako kitti-saddo abbhu-g-gacchati.|| ||

Ayaṃ dutiyo ādīnavo du-s-sīlassa sīla-vipattiyā.|| ||

Puna ca paraṃ gahapatayo du-s-sīlo sīla-vipanno yaṃ yad eva parisaṃ upasaṅkamati,|| yadi khattiya-parisaṃ|| yadi brāhmaṇa-parisaṃ|| yadi gahapati-parisaṃ|| yadi samaṇa-parisaṃ,|| avisārado upasaṅkamati maṅku-bhūto.|| ||

Ayaṃ tatiyo ādīnavo du-s-sīlassa sīla-vipattiyā.|| ||

Puna ca paraṃ gahapatayo du-s-sīlo sīla-vipanno sammūḷho kālaṃ karoti.|| ||

Ayaṃ catuttho ādīnavo du-s-sīlassa sīla-vipattiyā.|| ||

Puna ca paraṃ gahapatayo du-s-sīlo sīla-vipanno kāyassa bhedā param maraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ Nirayaṃ uppajjati.|| ||

Ayaṃ pañcamo ādīnavo du-s-sīlassa sīla-vipattiyā.|| ||

Ime kho gahapatayo pañca ādīnavā du-s-sīlassa sīla-vipattiyā.|| ||

[86] 24. Pañc’ime gahapatayo ānisaṃsā sīla-vato sīla-sampadāya.|| ||

Katame pañca?|| ||

Idha gahapatayo sīlavā sīla-sampanno appamādādhikaraṇaṃ mahantaṃ bhoga-k-khandhaṃ adhigacchati.|| ||

Ayaṃ paṭhamo ānisaṃso sīla-vato sīla-sampadāya.|| ||

Puna ca paraṃ gahapatayo sīla-vato sīla-sampannassa kalyāṇo kitti-saddo abbhu-g-gacchati.|| ||

Ayaṃ dutiyo ānisaṃso sīla-vato sīla-sampadāya.|| ||

Puna ca paraṃ gahapatayo sīlavā sīla-sampannā yaṃ yad eva parisaṃ upasaṅkamati yadi khattiya-parisaṃ yadi brāhmaṇa-parisaṃ yadi gahapati-parisaṃ yadi samaṇa-parisaṃ,|| visārado upasaṅkamati amaṅku-bhūto.|| ||

Ayaṃ tatiyo ānisaṃso sīla-vato sīla-sampadāya.|| ||

Puna ca paraṃ gahapatayo sīla-sampanno asammu’ho kālaṃ karoti.|| ||

Ayaṃ catuttho ānisaṃso sīla-vato sīla-sampadāya.|| ||

Puna ca paraṃ gahapatayo sīlavā sīla-sampanno kāyassa bhedā param maraṇā sugatiṃ saggaṃ lokaṃ uppajjati.|| ||

Ayaṃ pañcamo ānisaṃso sīla-vato sīla-sampadāya.|| ||

“Ime kho gahapatayo pañca ānisaṃso sīla-vato sīla-sampadāyā” ti.|| ||

25. Atha kho Bhagavā Pāṭaligāmiye upāsake bahu-d-eva rattiṃ dhammiyā kathāya sanda-s-setvā samāda-petvā samutte-chetvā sampahaṃ-setvā uyyojesi “abhikkantā kho gahapatayo ratti yassa dāni tumhe kālaṃ maññathā” ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho Pāṭaligāmiyā upāsakā Bhagavato paṭi-s-sutvā uṭṭhāy āsanā Bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā padakkhiṇaṃ katvā pakkamiṃsu.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā acira-pakkantesu Pāṭaligāmiyesu upāsakesu suññāgāraṃ pāvisi.|| ||

(Pāṭalīnagaramāpanaṃ)|| ||

26. Tena kho pana samayena sunīdha-vassakārā Magadha-mahā-mattā Pāṭaligāme nagaraṃ māpenti Vajjīnaṃ paṭibāhāya.|| ||

Tena kho pana samayena sambahulā [87] devatāyo sahassa-sahasseva Pāṭaligāme vatthūni parigaṇhanti.|| ||

Yasmiṃ padese mahesakkhā devatā vatthūni parigaṇhanti,|| mahesakkhānaṃ tattha raññaṃ rāja-mahāmattāṇaṃ cittāni namanti nivesanāni māpetuṃ.|| ||

Yasmiṃ padese majjhimā devatā vatthūni parigaṇhanti,|| majjhimānaṃ tattha raññaṃ rāja-mahāmattāṇaṃ cittāni namanti nivesanāni māpetuṃ.|| ||

Yasmiṃ padese nīcā devatā vatthūni parigaṇhanti,|| nīcānaṃ tattha raññaṃ rāja-mahāmattāṇaṃ cittāni namanti nivesanāni māpetuṃ.|| ||

27. Addasā kho Bhagavā dibbena cakkhunā visuddhena atikkanta-mānusakena tā devatāye sahassa-sahasseva Pāṭaligāme vatthūni parigaṇhantiyo.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā rattiyā paccūsa-samayaṃ paccu-ṭṭhāya āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi: konu kho3 Ānanda Pāṭaligāme nagaraṃ māpentī” ti?|| ||

“Sunīdhavassakārā bhante Magadha-mahā-mattā Pāṭaligāme nagaraṃ māpenti Vajjīnaṃ paṭibāhāyā” ti.|| ||

28. Seyyathā pi Ānanda devehi Tāvatiṃsehi saddhiṃ mantetvā evam eva kho Ānanda sunīdha-vassakārā Magadha-mahā-mattā Pāṭaligāme nagaraṃ māpenti Vajjīnaṃ paṭibāhāya.|| ||

Idh’āhaṃ Ānanda addasaṃ dibbena cakkhunā visuddhena atikkanta-mānusakena sambahulā devatāyo sahassa-sahasseva Pāṭaligāme vatthūni parigaṇhantiyo.|| ||

Yasmiṃ Ānanda padese mahesakkhā devatā vatthūni parigaṇhanti,|| mahesakkhānaṃ tattha raññaṃ rāja-mahāmattāṇaṃ cittāni namanti nivesanāni māpetuṃ.|| ||

Yasmiṃ padese majjhimā devatā vatthūni parigaṇhanti,|| majjhimānaṃ tattha raññaṃ rāja-mahāmattāṇaṃ cittāni namanti nivesanāni māpetuṃ.|| ||

Yasmiṃ padesā nīcā devatā vatthūni parigaṇhanti,|| nīcānaṃ tattha raññaṃ rāja-mahāmattāṇaṃ cittāni namanti nivesanāni māpetuṃ.|| ||

Yāvatā Ānanda ariyaṃ āyatanaṃ yāvatā vaṇippatho1 idaṃ agganagaraṃ bhavissati pāṭaliputtaṃ puṭabhedanaṃ.|| ||

[88] Pāṭali-puttassa kho Ānanda tayo antarāyā bhavissanti: aggito vā udakato vā mithu-bhedā vāti.|| ||

29. Atha kho sunīdha-vassakārā Magadha-mahā-mattā yena Bhagavā ten’upasaṅkamiṃsu.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā Bhagavatā saddhiṃ sammodiṃsu.|| ||

Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sārāṇīyaṃ vīti-sāretvā eka-m-antaṃ aṭṭhaṃsu.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ ṭhitā kho sunīdha-vassakārā Magadha-mahā-mattā Bhagavantaṃ etad avocuṃ: “adhivāsetu no bhavaṃ Gotamo ajjatanāya bhattaṃ saddhiṃ bhikkhu-saṅghenā” ti.|| ||

Adhivāsesi Bhagavā tuṇhī-bhāvena.|| ||

30. Atha kho sunīdha-vassakārā Magadha-mahā-mattā Bhagavato adhivāsanaṃ viditvā yena sako āvasatho ten’upasaṅkamiṃsu.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā sake āvasathe paṇītaṃ khādanīyaṃ bhojanīyaṃ paṭiyādāpetvā Bhagavato kālaṃ ārocāpesuṃ.|| ||

‘Kālo bho Gotama niṭṭhitaṃ bhattan’ ti.|| ||

31. Atha kho Bhagavā pubbaṇha-samayaṃ nivāsetvā patta-cīvaraṃ ādāya saddhiṃ bhikkhu-saṅghena yena sunīdha-vassakārānaṃ Magadha-mahā-mattāṇaṃ āvasatho ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā paññatte āsane nisīdi.|| ||

Atha kho sunīdha-vassakārā Magadha-mahā-mattā Buddhapamukhaṃ bhikkhu-saṅghaṃ paṇītena khādanīyena bhojanīyena sahatthā santappesuṃ sampavāresuṃ.|| ||

32. Atha kho sunīdha-vassakārā Magadha-mahā-mattā Bhagavantaṃ bhuttāviṃ onīta-patta-pāṇiṃ aññataraṃ nīcaṃ āsanaṃ gahetvā eka-m-antaṃ nisidiṃsu.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ nisinne kho sunīdhavassakāre Magadhamahāmatte Bhagavā imāhi gāthāhi anumodi:|| ||

Yasmiṃ padese kappeti vāsaṃ paṇḍitajātiyo,|| sīlavantettha bhochetvā saññate brahma-cārayo|| ||

Yā tattha devatā āsuṃ tāsaṃ dakkhiṇamādise.|| ||

Tā pūjitā pūjayanti mānitā mānayanti naṃ,|| ||

[89] tato naṃ anukampanti mātā puttaṃ’ca orasaṃ|| ||

Devatānukampito poso sadā bhadrāni passatī’ ti.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā sunīdhavassakāre Magadhamahāmatte imāhi gāthāhi anumo-ditvā uṭṭhāy āsanā pakkāmi.|| ||

33. Tena kho pana samayena sunīdha-vassakārā Magadha-mahā-mattā Bhagavantaṃ piṭṭhīto piṭṭhito anubandhā honti.|| ||

‘Yenajja Samaṇo Gotamo dvārena ni-k-khamissati,|| taṃ Gotamadvāraṃ nāma bhavissati.|| ||

Yena titthena gaṅgaṃ nadiṃ tarissati,|| taṃ Gotamatitthaṃ nāma bhavissatī’ ti.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā yena dvārena nikkhakami,|| taṃ Gotamadvāraṃ nāma ahosi.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā yena Gaṅgā nadī ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Tena kho pana samayena Gaṅgā nadī pūrā hoti samātittikā kākapeyyā.|| ||

Appekacce manussā nāvaṃ pariyesanti,|| appekacce uempaṃ pariyesanti,|| appekacce kullaṃ bandhanti orā pāraṃ gantukāmā atha kho Bhagavā seyyathā pi nāma balavā puriso sammiñjitaṃ vā bāhaṃ pasāreyya,|| pasāritaṃ vā bāhaṃ sammiñjeyya,|| evam eva Gaṅgāya nadiyā orimatīre antara-hito pārimatīre paccuṭṭhāsi saddhiṃ bhikkhu-saṅghena.|| ||

Addasā kho Bhagavā te manusse appekacce nāvaṃ pariyesante appekacce uempaṃ pariyesante,|| appekacce kullaṃ bandhante orā pāraṃ gantukāme.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā etam atthaṃ viditvā tāyaṃ velāyaṃ imaṃ udānāṃ udānesi:|| ||

“Ye taranti aṇṇavaṃ saraṃ|| ||

Setuṃ katvāna visajja pallalāni,|| ||

Kullaṃ hi jano pabandhati|| ||

Tiṇṇā medhāvino janā’ti.”|| ||

Paṭhamabhāṇavāraṃ|| ||

(Ariyasacca paṭivedhakathā)|| ||

34. [90] atha kho Bhagavā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi: ‘āyam Ānanda yena Koṭigāmo ten’upasaṅkamissāmā’ ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti.|| ||

Kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paccassosi.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā mahatā bhikkhu-saṅghena saddhiṃ yena Koṭigāmo tad avasari.|| ||

Tatrasudaṃ Bhagavā koṭigāme viharati.|| ||

Tatra kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi:|| ||

Catunnaṃ bhikkhave ariya-saccānaṃ ananubodhā appaṭivedhā evam idaṃ dīgham addhānaṃ sandhāvitaṃ saṃsaritaṃ mamañc’eva tumhākañca.|| ||

Katamesaṃ catunnaṃ?|| ||

Dukkhassa bhikkhave ariya-saccassa ananubodhā appaṭivedhā evam idaṃ dīgham addhānaṃ sandhāvitaṃ saṃsaritaṃ mamañc’eva tumhākañca.|| ||

Dukkha-samudayassa bhikkhave ariya-saccassa ananubodhā appaṭivedhā evam idaṃ dīgham addhānaṃ sandhāvitaṃ saṃsaritaṃ mamañc’eva tumhākañca.|| ||

Dukkha-nirodhassa bhikkhave ariya-saccassa ananubodhā appaṭivedhā evam idaṃ dīgham addhānaṃ sandhāvitaṃ saṃsaritaṃ mamañc’eva tumhākañca.|| ||

Dukkha-nirodha-gāminiyā paṭipadāya bhikkhave ariya-saccassa ananubodhā appaṭivedhā evam idaṃ dīgham addhānaṃ sandhāvitaṃ saṃsaritaṃ mamañc’eva tumhākañca.|| ||

Ta-y-idaṃ,|| bhikkhave,|| dukkhaṃ ariya-saccaṃ anu-Buddhaṃ paṭividdhaṃ dukkha-samudayo ariya-saccaṃ anu-Buddhaṃ paṭividdhaṃ.|| ||

Dukkha-nirodho ariya-saccaṃ anu-Buddhaṃ paṭividdhaṃ.|| ||

Dukkha-nirodha-gāminī paṭipadā ariya-saccaṃ anu-Buddhaṃ paṭividdhaṃ.|| ||

Ucchinnā bhava-taṇhā,|| khīṇā bhavanetti.|| ||

N’atthi-dāni puna-b-bhavo’ ti.|| ||

Idam avoca Bhagavā.|| ||

Idaṃ vatthā Sugato athāparaṃ etad avoca Satthā:|| ||

[91] catunnaṃ ariya-saccānaṃ yathā-bhūtaṃ adassanā|| ||

Saṃsitaṃ3 dīgham addhānaṃ tāsu tāsveva jātisu|| ||

Tāni etāni diṭṭhāni bhavanetti samūhatā,|| ||

Ucchinnaṃ mūlaṃ dukkhassa n’atthi-dāni puna-b-bhavo’ ti.|| ||

35. Tatra pi sudaṃ Bhagavā koṭigāme viharanto etad eva bahulaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ dhammiṃ kathaṃ karoti:|| ||

“Iti sīlaṃ,|| iti samādhi,|| iti paññā sīla-paribhāvito samādhi maha-p-phalo hoti mahā-nisaṃso.|| ||

Samādhi-paribhāvitā paññā maha-p-phalāhoti mahā-nisaṃsā.|| ||

Paññā-paribhāvitaṃ cittaṃ samma-d-eva āsavehi vimuccati,|| seyyath’īdaṃ: kām’āsavā bhav’āsavā avijj-ā-savā” ti.|| ||

Dhammādāsa dhamma-pariyāyo|| ||

36. Atha kho Bhagavā koṭigāme yath-ā-bhirattaṃ viharitvā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi:|| ||

“Āyām Ānanda yena nādikā ten’upasaṅkamissāmā” ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paccassosi.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā mahatā bhikkhu-saṅghena saddhiṃ yena nādikā tad avasari.|| ||

Tatra pi sudaṃ Bhagavā nādike viharati giñjakāvasathe.|| ||

Atha kho āyasmā Ānando yena Bhagavā ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā Bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā eka-m-antaṃ nisīdi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ nisinno kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca:|| ||

Sāḷho nāma bhante bhikkhu nādike kāla-kato.|| ||

Tassa kā gati,|| ko abhisamparāyo?|| ||

Nandā nāma bhante bhikkhunī nādike kāla-katā.|| ||

Tassā kā gati,|| ko abhisamparāyo?|| ||

[92] Sudatto nāma bhante upāsako nādike kāla-kato.|| ||

Tassa kā gati,|| ko abhisamparāyo?|| ||

Sujātā nāma bhante upāsikā nādike kāla-katā.|| ||

Tassā kā gati,|| ko abhisamparāyo?|| ||

Kakudho nāma bhante upāsako nādike kāla-kato.|| ||

Tassa kā gati,|| ko abhisamparāyo?|| ||

Kāliṅgo nāma bhante upāsako nādike kāla-kato.|| ||

Tassa kā gati,|| ko abhisamparāyo.|| ||

Nikaṭo nāma bhante upāsako nādike kāla-kato.|| ||

Tassa kā gati,|| ko abhisamparāyo? Kaṭissabho nāma bhante upāsako nādike kāla-kato.|| ||

Tassa kā gati,|| ko abhisamparāyo?|| ||

Tuṭṭho nāma bhante upāsako nādike kāla-kato.|| ||

Tassa kā gati,|| ko abhisamparāyo?|| ||

Santuṭṭho nāma bhante upāsako nādike kāla-kato.|| ||

Tassa kā gati,|| ko abhisamparāyo?|| ||

Bhaddo nāma bhante upāsako nādike kāla-kato.|| ||

Tassa kā gati,|| ko abhisamparāyo?|| ||

Subhaddo nāma bhante upāsako nādike kāla-kato.|| ||

Tassa kā gati,|| ko abhisamparāyo” ti?|| ||

37. Sāḷho Ānanda bhikkhu āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cotovimuttiṃ paññā-vimuttiṃ diṭṭhe’va dhammesayaṃabhiññā sacchi-katvā upasampajja vihāsi.|| ||

Nandā Ānanda bhikkhunī pañcannaṃ ora-m-bhāgiyānaṃ saṃyojanānaṃ pari-k-khayā opapātikā tattha parinibbāyinī anāvatti-dhammā tasmā lokā.|| ||

Sudatto Ānanda upāsako tiṇṇaṃ saṃyojanānaṃ pari-k-khayā rāga-dosa-mohānaṃ tanuttā Sakad-āgāmi sakideva imaṃ lokaṃ āganatvā dukkhassantaṃ karissati.|| ||

Sujātā Ānanda upāsikā tiṇṇaṃ saṃyojanānaṃ pari-k-khayā Sot’āpannā avinipāta-dhammā niyatā sambodhi-parāyaṇā.|| ||

Kakudho nāma Ānanda upāsako pañcannaṃ ora-m-bhāgiyānaṃ saṃyojanānaṃ pari-k-khayā opapātiko tattha parinibbāyī anāvattidhammo tasmā lokā.|| ||

Kāliṅgo Ānanda upāsako pañcannaṃ ora-m-bhāgiyānaṃ saṃyojanānaṃ pari-k-khayā opapātiko tattha parinibbāyī anāvattidhammo tasmā lokā.|| ||

Nikaṭo Ānanda upāsako pañcannaṃ ora-m-bhāgiyānaṃ saṃyojanānaṃ pari-k-khayā opapātiko tattha parinibbāyī anāvattidhammo tasmā lokā.|| ||

Kaṭissabho Ānanda upāsako pañcannaṃ ora-m-bhāgiyānaṃ saṃyojanānaṃ pari-k-khayā opapātiko tattha parinibbāyī anāvattidhammo tasmā lokā.|| ||

Tuṭṭho Ānanda upāsako pañcannaṃ ora-m-bhāgiyānaṃ saṃyojanānaṃ pari-k-khayā opapātiko tattha parinibbāyī anāvattidhammo tasmā lokā.|| ||

Santuṭṭho Ānanda upāsako pañcannaṃ ora-m-bhāgiyānaṃ saṃyojanānaṃ pari-k-khayā opapātiko tattha parinibbāyī anāvattidhammo tasmā lokā.|| ||

Bhaddo Ānanda upāsako pañcannaṃ ora-m-bhāgiyānaṃ saṃyojanānaṃ pari-k-khayā opapātiko tattha parinibbāyī anāvattidhammo tasmā lokā.|| ||

Subhaddo Ānanda upāsako pañcannaṃ ora-m-bhāgiyānaṃ saṃyojanānaṃ pari-k-khayā opapātiko tattha parinibbāyī anāvattidhammo tasmā [93] lokā.|| ||

Paropaññāsaṃ Ānanda nādike upāsakā kāla-katā pañcannaṃ ora-m-bhāgiyānaṃ saṃyojanānaṃ pari-k-khayā opapātikā tattha parinibbāyino anāvatti-dhammā tasmā lokā.|| ||

Sādhikā navuti Ānanda nādike upāsakā kāla-katā tiṇṇaṃ saṃyojanānaṃ pari-k-khayā rāga-dosa-mohānaṃ tanuttā Sakad-āgāmino sakideva imaṃ lokaṃ āgantvā dukkhassantaṃ karissanti.|| ||

Sātirekāni Ānanda pañca satāni nādike upāsakā kāla-katā tiṇṇaṃ saṃyojanānaṃ pari-k-khayā Sot’āpannā avinipāta-dhammā niyatā sambodhi-parāyaṇā.|| ||

38. Anacchariyaṃ kho pan’etaṃ Ānanda yaṃ manussabhūto kālaṃ kareyya,|| tasmiñce kāla-kate Tathāgataṃ upasaṅkamitvā etam atthaṃ pucchi’ssatha,|| vihesā cesā Ānanda Tathāgatassa.|| ||

Tasmā ‘ti h’Ānanda dhammādāsaṃ nāma dhamma-pariyāyaṃ desessāmi yena samannāgato ariya-sāvako ākaṅkha-māno attanā’va attāṇaṃ vyākareyya: ‘khīṇa-Nirayomhi khīṇa-tiracchāna-yoni khīṇa-petti-visayo khīṇ-ā-pāya-duggati-vinipāto,|| Sot’āpanno ham asmi avinipāta-dhammo niyato sambodhi-parāyaṇo’ ti.|| ||

Katamo ca so Ānanda dhammādāso dhamma-pariyāyo yena samannāgato ariya-sāvako ākaṅkha-māno attanā va attāṇaṃ vyākareyya: khīṇa-Nireyomhi khīṇa-tiracchāna-yoni khīṇa-petti-visayo khīṇ-ā-pāya-duggati-vinipāto,|| Sot’āpanno’hamasmi avinipāta-dhammo niyato sambodhi-parāyaṇo’ti:|| ||

Idh’Ānanda ariya-sāvako Buddhe avecca-p-pasādena samannāgato hoti:|| ||

“Iti pi so Bhagavā arahaṃ Sammā-SamBuddho vijjā-caraṇa-sampanno Sugato loka-vidū anuttaro purisa-damma-sārathī Satthā deva-manussānaṃ Buddho Bhagavā” ti.|| ||

Dhamme avecca-p-pasādena samannāgato hoti: “svākkhāto Bhagavatā dhammo sandiṭṭhiko akāliko ehi passiko opanayiko1 paccattaṃ veditabbo viññūhī” ti.|| ||

Saṅghe avecca-p-pasādena samannāgato hoti: “su-paṭipanno Bhagavato sāvaka-saṅgho,|| uju-paṭipanno Bhagavato sāvaka-saṅgho,|| ñāya-paṭipanno [94] Bhagavato sāvaka-saṅgho,|| sāmīci-paṭipanno Bhagavato sāvaka-saṅgho.|| ||

Yad idaṃ cattāri purisa-yugāni,|| aṭṭha purisa-puggalā.|| ||

Esa Bhagavato sāvaka-saṅgho āhuneyyo,|| pāhuneyyo,|| dakkhiṇeyyo,|| añjalikaranīyo,|| anuttaraṃ puñña-k-khettaṃ lokassā” ti.|| ||

Ariya-kantehi sīlehi samannāgato hoti akhaṇḍehi acchiddehi asabalehi akammāsehi bhujissehi viññūppasatthehi aparām-aṭṭhehi samādhi-saṃvaṭṭa-nikehi.|| ||

Ayaṃ kho so Ānanda dhammādāso dhamma-pariyāyo yena samannāgato ariya-sāvako ākaṅkha-māno attanā’va attāṇaṃ vyākareyya ‘khīṇa-Nirayo’mbhi khīṇa-tiracchāna-yoni khīṇa-petti-visayo khīṇ-ā-pāya-duggati-vinipāto.|| ||

Sot’āpannohamasmi avinipāta-dhammo niyato sambodhi-parāyaṇo’ ti.|| ||

39. Tatra pi sudaṃ Bhagavā nādike viharanto giñjakāvasathe etad eva bahulaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ dhammiṃ kathaṃ karoti:|| ||

“Iti sīlaṃ,|| iti samādhi,|| iti paññā sīla-paribhāvito samādhi maha-p-phalo hoti mahā-nisaṃso.|| ||

Samādhi-paribhāvitā paññā maha-p-phalā hoti mahā-nisaṃsā.|| ||

Paññā-paribhāvitaṃ cittaṃ samma-d-eva āsavehi vimuccati – seyyath’īdaṃ: kām’āsavā bhav’āsavā avijj-ā-savā” ti.|| ||

(Ambapālivane sati-paṭṭhāna desanā)|| ||

40. Atha kho Bhagavā nādike yath-ā-bhirattaṃ viharitvā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi: ‘āyām Ānanda,|| yena Vesāli ten’upasaṅkamissāmā’ ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paccassosi.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā mahatā bhikkhu-saṅghena saddhiṃ yena Vesālī tad avasari.|| ||

Tatra sudaṃ Bhagavā Vesāliyaṃ viharati ambapālivane.|| ||

Tatra kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi:|| ||

“Sato bhikkhave bhikkhū vihareyya sampajāno.|| ||

Ayaṃ vo amhākaṃ anusāsanī.|| ||

Kathañ ca bhikkhave,|| bhikkhu sato hoti: idha bhikkhave,|| bhikkhu kāye kāy’ānupassī viharati ātāpīsampajāno [95] satimā vineyya loke abhijjhā-domanassaṃ,|| vedanāsu vedan’ānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā vineyya loke abhijjhā-domanassaṃ,|| citte citt’ānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā vineyya loke abhijjhā-domanassaṃ dhammesu Dhamm’ānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā vineyya loke abhijjhā-domanassaṃ.|| ||

Evaṃ kho bhikkhave,|| bhikkhu sato hoti.|| ||

Kathañ ca bhikkhave,|| bhikkhu sampajāno hoti: idha bhikkhave,|| bhikkhu abhikkante paṭikkante sampajāna-kārī hoti.|| ||

Ālokite vilokite sampajāna-kārī hoti.|| ||

Sammiñjite pasārite sampajāna-kārī hoti.|| ||

Saṅghāṭipatta-cīvaradhāraṇe sampajāna-kārī hoti.|| ||

Asite pīte khāyite sāyite sampajāna-kārī hoti.|| ||

Uccāra-passā-vakamme sampajāna-kārī hoti.|| ||

Gate ṭhite nisinne sutte jāgarite bhāsite tuṇhī-bhāve sampajāna-kārī hoti.|| ||

Evaṃ kho bhikkhave,|| bhikkhu sampajāno hoti.|| ||

Sato bhikkhave,|| bhikkhu vihareyya sampajāno.|| ||

Ayaṃ vo amhākaṃ anusāsanī” ti.|| ||

(Ambapālī ārāmapaṭiggahanaṃ)|| ||

41. Assosi kho ambapālī gaṇikā ‘Bhagavā kira Vesāliṃ anuppatto Vesāliyaṃ viharati mayhaṃ Ambavane’ ti.|| ||

Atha kho ambapālī gaṇikā bhaddāni bhaddāni yānāni yojāpetvā,|| bhaddaṃ yānaṃ abhirūhitvā,|| bhaddehi bhaddehi yānehi Vesāliyā niyyāsi.|| ||

Yena sako ārāmo tena pāyāsi.|| ||

Yāvatikā yānassa bhūmi yānena gantvā yānā paccorohitvā pattikā’va yena Bhagavā ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā Bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā eka-m-antaṃ nisīdi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ nisinnaṃ kho ambapāliṃ gaṇikaṃ Bhagavā dhammiyā kathāya sandassesi samādapesi samuttejesi sampahaṃsesi.|| ||

Atha kho ambapālī gaṇikā Bhagavatā dhammiyā kathāya sanda-s-sitā samāda-pitā samutte-jitā sampahaṃ-sitā Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca: ‘adhivāsetu me bhante Bhagavā svātanāya bhattaṃ saddhiṃ bhikkhu-saṅghenā’ ti.|| ||

Adhivāsesi Bhagavā tuṇhī-bhāvena.|| ||

Atha kho ambapālī gaṇikā Bhagavato adhivāsanaṃ viditvā uṭṭhāy āsanā Bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā padakkhiṇaṃ katvā pakkāmi.|| ||

42. Assosuṃ kho Vesālikā licchavī ‘Bhagavā kira [96] Vesāliṃ anuppatto Vesāliyaṃ viharati ambapālivane’ ti.|| ||

Atha kho te licchavī bhaddāni bhaddāni yānāni yojāpetvā,|| bhaddaṃ bhaddaṃ yānaṃ abhirūhitvā,|| bhaddehi bhaddehi yānehi Vesāliyā nīyaṃsu.|| ||

Tatra ekacce licchavī nīlā honti nīla-vaṇṇā nīla-vatthā nīlālaṅkārā,|| ekacce licchavī pītā honti pīta-vaṇṇā pītavatthā pītālaṅkārā,|| ekacce licchavī lohitā honti lohitavaṇṇā lohitavatthā lohitālaṅkārā,|| ekacce licchavī odātā honti odāta-vaṇṇā odāta-vatthā odātālaṅkārā.|| ||

43. Atha kho ambapālī gaṇikā daharānaṃ daharānaṃ licchavīnaṃ akkhena akkhaṃ cakkena cakkaṃ yugena yugaṃ pativaṭṭesi.|| ||

Atha kho te licchavī ambapāliṃ gaṇikaṃ etad avocuṃ: ‘kiñje,|| ambapāli,|| daharānaṃ daharānaṃ licchavīnaṃ akkhena akkhaṃ cakkena cakkaṃ yugena yugaṃ pativaṭṭesī” ti?|| ||

‘Tathā hi pana me ayyaputtā,|| Bhagavā nimantino svātanāya bhattaṃ saddhiṃ bhikkhu-saṅghenā’ ti.|| ||

‘Dehi je,|| ambapāli,|| etaṃ bhattaṃ sata-sahassenā’ ti.|| ||

‘Sace’pi me ayyaputtā Vesāliṃ s-ā-hāraṃ dassatha,|| evamahaṃ taṃ bhattaṃ na dassāmī’ ti.|| ||

Atha kho te licchavī aṅguliṃ poṭhesuṃ.|| ||

‘Jitamhā vata bho ambakāya,|| jitamhā vata bho ambakāyā’ ti.|| ||

44. Atha kho te licchavī yena ambapālivanaṃ tena pāyiṃsu.|| ||

Addasā kho Bhagavā te licchavī dūrato’va āga-c-chante.|| ||

Disvā bhikkhū āmantesi: ‘yesaṃ bhikkhave bhikkhūnaṃ devā Tāvatiṃsā adiṭṭhā,|| oloketha bhikkhave,|| licchavīparisaṃ,|| avaloketha [97] bhikkhave,|| licchavīparisaṃ,|| upasaṃharatha bhikkhave licchavīparisaṃ Tāvatiṃsasadisanti.|| ||

45. Atha kho te licchavī yāvatikā yānassa bhūmi yānena ganatvā yānā paccorohitvā,|| pattikā’va yena Bhagavā ten’upasaṅkamiṃsu.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā Bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā eka-m-antaṃ nisīdiṃsu.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ nisinne kho te licchavī Bhagavā dhammiyā kathāya sandassesi samādapesi samuttejesi sampahaṃsesi.|| ||

Atha kho te licchavī Bhagavatā dhammiyā kathāya sanda-s-sitā samāda-pitā samutte-jitā sampahaṃ-sitā Bhagavantaṃ etad avocuṃ: ‘adhivāsetu no Bhagavā svātanāya bhattaṃ saddhiṃ bhikkhu-saṅghenā’ ti.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā te licchavī etad avoca.|| ||

‘Adhivutthaṃ kho me licchavī svātanāya ambapāliyā gaṇikāya bhattanti.|| ||

‘ Atha kho te licchavī aṅguliṃ poṭhesuṃ: ‘jitamhā vata bho ambakāya.|| ||

Jitamhā vata bho ambakāyā’ ti.|| ||

Atha kho te licchavī Bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinan’ditvā anumo-ditvā uṭṭhāy āsanā Bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā padakkhiṇaṃ katvā pakkamiṃsu.|| ||

46. Atha kho ambapālī gaṇikā tassā ettiyā accayena sake ārāme paṇītaṃ khādanīyaṃ bhojanīyaṃ paṭiyādāpetvā Bhagavato kālaṃ ārocāpesi: ‘kālo bhante,|| niṭṭhitaṃ bhattan’ ti.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā pubbaṇha-samayaṃ nivāsetvā patta-cīvaraṃ ādāya saddhiṃ bhikkhu-saṅghena yena ambapāliyā gaṇikāya nivesanaṃ ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā paññatte āsane nisīdi.|| ||

Atha kho ambapālī gaṇikā Buddhapamukhaṃ bhikkhu-saṅghaṃ paṇītena khādanīyena bhojanīyena sahatthā santappesi sampavāresi.|| ||

Atha kho ambapālī gaṇikā Bhagavantaṃ bhuttāviṃ onīta-patta-pāṇiṃ aññataraṃ nīcaṃ āsanaṃ gahetvā [98] eka-m-antaṃ nisīdi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ nisinnā kho ambapālī gaṇikā Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca: “imāhaṃ bhante,|| ārāmaṃ Buddhapamukhassa bhikkhuSaṅghassa dammī” ti.|| ||

Paṭiggahesi Bhagavā ārāmaṃ.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā ambapāliṃ gaṇikaṃ dhammiyā kathāya sanda-s-setvā samāda-petvā samutte-chetvā sampahaṃ-setvā uṭṭhāy āsanā pakkāmi.|| ||

47. Tatra pi sudaṃ Bhagavā Vesāliyaṃ viharanto ambapālivane etad eva bahulaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ dhammiṃ kathaṃ karoti: ‘Iti sīlaṃ,|| iti samādhi,|| iti paññā.|| ||

Sīla-paribhāvito samādhi maha-p-phalo hoti mahā-nisaṃso.|| ||

Samādhi-paribhāvitā paññā maha-p-phalā hoti mahā-nisaṃsā paññā-paribhāvitaṃ cittaṃ samma-d-eva āsavehi vimuccati – seyyath’īdaṃ: kām’āsavā bhav’āsavā avijj-ā-savā” ti.|| ||

(Beluvagāme jīvita-saṅkhāra – adhiṭṭhānaṃ)|| ||

48. Atha kho Bhagavā ambapālivane yath-ā-bhirattaṃ viharitvā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi: ‘āyām Ānanda,|| yena beluvagāmako2 ten’upasaṅkamissāmā’ ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paccassosi.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā mahatā bhikkhu-saṅghena saddhiṃ yena beluvagāmako tad avasari.|| ||

Tatra sudaṃ Bhagavā beluvagāmake viharati.|| ||

Tatra kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi: ‘etha tumhe bhikkhave samantā Vesāliṃ yathāmittaṃ yathāsandiṭṭhaṃ yathāsambhattaṃ vassaṃ upetha.|| ||

Ahaṃ pana idh’eva beluvagāmake vassaṃ upagacchāmī’ ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho te bhikkhū Bhagavato paṭi-s-sutvā samantā Vesāliṃ yathāmittaṃ yathāsandiṭṭhaṃ [99] yathāsambhattaṃ vassaṃ upagacchiṃsu.|| ||

Bhagavā pana tatve beluvagāmake vassaṃ upagañchi.|| ||

49. Atha kho Bhagavato vassūpagatassa kharo ābādho uppajji.|| ||

Bā’hā vedanā vattanti māraṇantikā.|| ||

Tā sudaṃ Bhagavā sato sampajāno adhivāseti avihañña-māno.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavato etad ahosi: ‘na kho me taṃ paṭirūpaṃ yo’haṃ anāmantetvā upaṭṭhāke anapaloketvā bhikkhu-saṅghaṃ parinibbāyeyyaṃ.|| ||

Yan nūn-ā-haṃ imaṃ ābādhaṃ viriyena paṭippanāmetvā jīvita-saṅkhāraṃ adhiṭṭhāya vihareyyan’ ti.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā taṃ ābādhaṃ viriyena paṭippanāmetvā jīvita-saṅkhāraṃ adhiṭṭhāya vihāsi.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavato so ābādho paṭippassamhi.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā gilānā vuṭṭhito acira-vuṭṭhito gelaññā vihārā ni-k-khamma vihāra-pacchāyāyaṃ paññatte āsane nisīdi.|| ||

50. Atha kho āyasmā Ānando yena Bhagavā ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā Bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā eka-m-antaṃ nisīdi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ nisinno kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca: “diṭṭho me bhante Bhagavato phāsu.|| ||

Diṭaṭhaṃ me bhante Bhagavato khamanīyaṃ.|| ||

Api ca me bhante madhura-kajāto viya kāyo.|| ||

Disā’pi me na pakkhāyanti,|| dhammā’pi maṃ na-p-paṭibhanti Bhagavato gelaññena.|| ||

Api ca me bhante ahosi kāci deva assāsamattā ‘na tāva Bhagavā parinibbāyissati na yāva Bhagavā bhikkhu-saṅghaṃ ārabbha kiñci’d’eva udāharatī” ti.|| ||

51. [100] kimpan’Ānanda bhikkhu-saṅgho mayi paccāsiṃsati: desito Ānanda,|| mayā dhammo anantaraṃ abāhiraṃ karitvā natthĀnanda Tathāgatassa dhammesu ācariyamuṭṭhi.|| ||

Yassa nūna Ānanda evam assa: ‘ahaṃ bhikkhu-saṅghaṃ pariharissāmī’ti vā,|| mamuddesiko bhikkhu-saṅgho’ti vā,|| so nūna Ānanda,|| bhikkhu-saṅghaṃ ārabbha kiñci’d’eva udāhareyya.|| ||

Tathāgatassa kho Ānanda na evaṃ hoti:|| ||

‘Ahaṃ bhikkhu-saṅghaṃ pariharissāmī’ti vā mamuddesiko bhikkhu-saṅgho’ ti vā.|| ||

Sa kiṃ Ānanda Tathāgato bhikkhu-saṅghaṃ ārabbha kiñci’d’eva udāharissa” ti?|| ||

52. Ahaṃ kho pan’Ānanda,|| etarahi jiṇṇo vuddho mahallako addhagato vayo anuppatto.|| ||

Āsītiko me vayo vattati.|| ||

Seyyathā pi Ānanda,|| jajjarasakaṭaṃ vekkhamissakena yāpeti,|| evam eva kho Ānanda vekkhamissakena maññe Tathāgatassa kāyo yāpeti.|| ||

Yasmiṃ Ānanda,|| samaye Tathāgato sabba-nimittānaṃ amanasikārā eka-c-cānaṃ vedanānaṃ nirodhā a-nimittaṃ ceto-samādhiṃ upasampajja viharati,|| phāsutaro5 Ānanda,|| tasmiṃ samaye Tathāgatassa kāyo hoti.|| ||

Tasmā ‘ti h’Ānanda,|| atta-dīpā viharatha atta-saraṇā anañña-saraṇā,|| Dhamma-dīpā Dhamma-saraṇā anañña-saraṇā.|| ||

53. Kathañ ca Ānanda,|| bhikkhu attadīpo viharati attasaraṇo anaññasaraṇo,|| dhammadīpo dhammasaraṇo anaññasaraṇo: idh’Ānanda bhikkhu kāye kāy’ānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā vineyya loke abhijjhā-domanassaṃ,|| vedanāsu vedan’ānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā vineyya loke abhijjhā-domanassaṃ,|| citte citt’ānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā vineyya loke abhijjhā-domanassaṃ,|| dhammesu Dhamm’ānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā vineyya loke abhijjhā-domanassaṃ.|| ||

54. Evaṃ kho Ānanda,|| bhikkhu attadīpo viharati attasaraṇo anaññasaraṇo,|| dhammadīpo dhammasaraṇo anaññasaraṇo.|| ||

[101] ye hi keci Ānanda,|| etarahi vā mamaṃ vā accayena atta-dīpā viharissanti atta-saraṇā anañña-saraṇā.|| ||

Dhamma-dīpā Dhamma-saraṇā anañña-saraṇā,|| tama-t-agge me te Ānanda,|| bhikkhu bhavissanti ye keci sikkhā-kāmā’ ti.|| ||

Dutiyabhāṇavāraṃ.|| ||

(Cāpālacetiye āyusaṅkhārossajanaṃ)|| ||

55. [102] atha kho Bhagavā pubbaṇha-samayaṃ nivāsetvā patta-cīvaraṃ ādāya Vesāliṃ piṇḍāya pāvisi.|| ||

Vesāliyaṃ piṇḍāya caritvā pacchā-bhattaṃ piṇḍa-pāta-paṭikkanto āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi: “gaṇhāhi Ānanda nisīdanaṃ,|| yena cāpālaṃ cetiyaṃ1 ten’upasaṅkamissāma divā-vihārāyā” ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paṭi-s-sutvā nisīdanaṃ ādāya Bhagavantaṃ piṭṭhito piṭṭhito anubandhi.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā yena cāpālaṃ cetiyaṃ ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā paññatte āsane nisīdi.|| ||

Āyasmā pi kho Ānando Bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā eka-m-antaṃ nisīdi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ nisinnaṃ kho āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ Bhagavā etad avoca:|| ||

56. “Ramaṇīyā Ānanda Vesālī,|| ramaṇīyaṃ Udenaṃ cetiyaṃ,|| ramaṇīyaṃ Gotamakaṃ cetiyaṃ,|| ramaṇīyaṃ Sattamba cetiyaṃ,|| ramaṇīyaṃ Bahuputtaṃ cetiyaṃ,|| ramaṇīyaṃ Sārandadaṃ cetiyaṃ ramaṇīyaṃ cāpālaṃ cetiyaṃ.|| ||

[103] yassa kassaci Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā,|| so ākaṅkha-māno kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā.|| ||

Tathāgatassa kho pan’Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkha-māno Ānanda Tathāgato kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā” ti.|| ||

57. Evaṃ kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavatā oḷārike nimitte kayiramāne oḷārike obhāse kayiramāne nāsakkhi paṭivijjhituṃ.|| ||

Na Bhagavantaṃ yāci ṭhatu bhante Bhagavā kappaṃ,|| tiṭṭhatu Sugato kappaṃ bahu-jana-hitāya bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānanti” yathā taṃ mārena pariyuṭṭhita-citto.|| ||

58. dutiyam pi kho Bhagavā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi: “Ramaṇīyā Ānanda Vesālī,|| ramaṇīyaṃ Udenaṃ cetiyaṃ,|| ramaṇīyaṃ Gotamakaṃ cetiyaṃ,|| ramaṇīyaṃ Sattamba cetiyaṃ,|| ramaṇīyaṃ Bahuputtaṃ cetiyaṃ,|| ramaṇīyaṃ Sārandadaṃ cetiyaṃ ramaṇīyaṃ cāpālaṃ cetiyaṃ.|| ||

Yassa kassaci Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā,|| so ākaṅkha-māno kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā.|| ||

Tathāgatassa kho pan’Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkha-māno Ānanda Tathāgato kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā” ti.|| ||

Tatiyam pi kho Bhagavā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi:|| ||

“Ramaṇīyā Ānanda Vesālī,|| ramaṇīyaṃ Udenaṃ cetiyaṃ,|| ramaṇīyaṃ Gotamakaṃ cetiyaṃ,|| ramaṇīyaṃ Sattamba cetiyaṃ,|| ramaṇīyaṃ Bahuputtaṃ cetiyaṃ,|| ramaṇīyaṃ Sārandadaṃ cetiyaṃ ramaṇīyaṃ cāpālaṃ cetiyaṃ.|| ||

Yassa kassaci Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā,|| so ākaṅkha-māno kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā.|| ||

Tathāgatassa kho pan’Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkha-māno Ānanda Tathāgato kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā” ti.|| ||

59. Evam pi kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavatā oḷārike nimitte kayiramāne oḷārike obhāse kayiramāne nāsakkhi paṭivijjhituṃ.|| ||

[104] na Bhagavantaṃ yāci ṭhatu bhante Bhagavā kappaṃ,|| tiṭṭhatu Sugato kappaṃ bahu-jana-hitāya bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānanti” yathā taṃ mārena pariyuṭṭhita-citto.|| ||

60. Atha kho Bhagavā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi:|| ||

“Gaccha tvaṃ Ānanda,|| yassa dāni kālaṃ maññasī” ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paṭi-s-sutvā uṭṭhāy āsanā Bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā padakkhiṇaṃ katvā avidūre aññatarasmiṃ rukkha-mūle nisīdi.|| ||

Atha kho Māro pāpimā acira-pakkante āyasmante Ānande yena Bhagavā ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā eka-m-antaṃ aṭṭhāsi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ ṭhito kho Māro pāpimā Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca:|| ||

61. “Parinibbātu’dāni bhante Bhagavā.|| ||

Parinibbātu Sugato pari-Nibbānakālo’dāni bhante Bhagavato.|| ||

“Bhāsitā kho pan’esā bhante Bhagavatā vācā: ‘na tāvāhaṃ pāpima parinibbāyissāmi yāva me bhikkhū na sāvakā bhavissanti viyattā vinītā visāradā bahu-s-sutā dhamma-dharā Dhamm-ā-nu-Dhamma-paṭipannā sāmīci-paṭipannā anu-Dhammacārino,|| sakaṃ ācariyakaṃ uggahetvā ācikkhi’ssanti desessanti paññapessanti paṭṭhapessanti vivarissanti vibhajissanti uttānīkarissanti,|| uppannaṃ parappavādaṃ saha-dhammena suniggahītaṃ niggahetvā sappāṭihāriyaṃ dhammaṃ desessantī” ti.|| ||

Etarahi kho pana bhante bhikkhu Bhagavato sāvakaṃ viyattā vinītā visāradā bahu-s-sutā dhamma-dharā Dhamm-ā-nu-Dhamma-paṭipannā [105] sāmīci-paṭipannā anu-Dhammacārino sakaṃ ācariyakaṃ uggahetvā ācikkhanti desenti paññapenti paṭṭhapenti vivaranti vibhajanti uttānīṃ karonti,|| uppannaṃ parappavādaṃ saha-dhammena suniggahītaṃ niggahetvā sappāṭihāriyaṃ dhammaṃ desenti.|| ||

Parinibbātu’dāni bhante Bhagavā.|| ||

Parinibbātu Sugato.|| ||

Parinibbānakālo’ dāni bhante Bhagavato.”|| ||

62. “Bhāsitā kho pan’esā bhante Bhagavatā vācā: ‘na tāvāhaṃ pāpima parinibbāyissāmi yāva me bhikkhuniyo na sāvikā bhavissanti viyattā vinītā visāradā bahu-s-sutā dhamma-dharā Dhamm-ā-nu-Dhamma-paṭipannā sāmīci-paṭipannā anu-Dhammacāriniyo,|| sakaṃ ācariyakaṃ uggahetvā ācikkhi’ssanti desessanti paññapessanti paṭṭhapessanti vivarissanti vibhajissanti uttāni karissanti,|| uppannaṃ parappavādaṃ saha-dhammena suniggahītaṃ niggahetvā sappāṭihāriyaṃ dhammaṃ desessan’ ti.i.|| ||

Etarahi kho pana bhante bhikkhuniyo Bhagavato sāvikā viyattā vinītā visāradā bahu-s-sutā dhamma-dharā Dhamm-ā-nu-Dhamma-paṭipannā sāmīci-paṭipannā anu-Dhammacāriniyo,|| sakaṃ ācariyakaṃ uggahetvā ācikkhanti desenti paññapenti paṭṭhapenti vivaranti vibhajanti uttānīṃ karonti,|| uppannaṃ parappavādaṃ saha-dhammena suniggahītaṃ niggahetvā sappāṭihāriyaṃ dhammaṃ desenti.|| ||

Parinibbātu’dāni bhante Bhagavā.|| ||

Parinibbātu Sugato.|| ||

Parinibbānakālo’dāni bhante Bhagavato.|| ||

63.”Bhāsitā kho pan’esā bhante Bhagavatā vācā: ‘na tāvāhaṃ pāpima parinibbāyissāmi yāva me upāsakā na sāvakā bhavissanti viyattā vinītā visāradā bahu-s-sutā dhamma-dharā Dhamm-ā-nu-Dhamma-paṭipannā sāmīci-paṭipannā anu-Dhammacārino,|| sakaṃ ācariyakaṃ uggahetvā ācikkhi’ssanti desessanti paññapessanti paṭṭhapessanti vivarissanti vibhajissanti uttāni karissanti,|| uppannaṃ parappavādaṃ saha-dhammena suniggahītaṃ niggahetvā sappāṭihāriyaṃ dhammaṃ desessan’ ti.i.|| ||

Etarahi kho pana bhante upāsakā Bhagavato sāvakā viyattā vinītā visāradā bahu-s-sutā dhamma-dharā Dhamm-ā-nu-Dhamma-paṭipannā sāmīci-paṭipannā anu-Dhammacārino,|| sakaṃ ācariyakaṃ uggahetvā ācikkhinti desenti paññapenti paṭṭhapenti vivaranti vibhajanti uttānīṃ karonti,|| uppannaṃ parappavādaṃ saha-dhammena suniggahītaṃ niggahetvā sappāṭihāriyaṃ dhammaṃ desenti.|| ||

Parinibbātu’dāni bhante Bhagavā.|| ||

Parinibbātu Sugato.|| ||

Parinibbānakālo’dāni bhante Bhagavato.”|| ||

64. “Bhāsitā kho pan’esā bhante Bhagavatā vācā: ‘na tāvāhaṃ pāpima parinibbāyissāmi yāva me upāsikā na sāvikā bhavissanti viyattā vinītā visāradā bahu-s-sutā dhamma-dharā Dhamm-ā-nu-Dhamma-paṭipannā sāmīci-paṭipannā anu-Dhammacāriniyo,|| sakaṃ ācariyakaṃ uggahetvā ācikkhi’ssanti desessanti paññapessanti paṭṭhapessanti vivarissanti vibhajissanti uttāni karissanti,|| uppannaṃ parappavādaṃ saha-dhammena suniggahītaṃ niggahetvā sappāṭihāriyaṃ dhammaṃ desessan’ ti.i.|| ||

[BJT Page 166] etarahi kho pana bhante upāsikā Bhagavato sāvikā viyattā vinītā visāradā bahu-s-sutā dhamma-dharā Dhamm-ā-nu-Dhamma-paṭipannā sāmīci-paṭipannā anu-Dhammacāriniyo,|| sakaṃ [106] ācariyakaṃ uggahetvā ācikkhanti desenti paññapenti paṭṭhapenti vivaranti vibhajanti uttānīṃ karonti,|| uppannaṃ parappavādaṃ saha-dhammena suniggahītaṃ niggahetvā sappāṭihāriyaṃ dhammaṃ desenti.|| ||

Parinibbātu’dāni bhante Bhagavā.|| ||

Parinibbātu Sugato.|| ||

Parinibbānakālo’dāni bhante Bhagavato.|| ||

65. Bhāsitā kho pan’esā bhante Bhagavatā vācā: ‘na tāvāhaṃ pāpima parinibbāyissāmi yāva me idaṃ Brahma-cariyaṃ na iddhaṃ c’eva bhavissati phitañ ca vitthārikaṃ1 bāhu-jaññaṃ puthubhūtaṃ,|| yāva-d-eva-manussehi suppakāsitan’ ti.|| ||

etarahi kho pana bhante Bhagavato Brahma-cariyaṃ iddhañ c’eva phitañ ca vitthārikaṃ bāhu-jaññaṃ puthubhūtaṃ yāva demamanussehi suppakāsitaṃ.|| ||

Parinibbātu’dāni bhante Bhagavā.|| ||

Parinibbātu Sugato.|| ||

Parinibbānakālo’dāni bhante Bhagavato” ti.|| ||

66. Evaṃ vutte Bhagavā Māraṃ pāpimantaṃ etad avoca: appossukke tvaṃ pāpima hohi.|| ||

Na ciraṃ Tathāgatassa pari-Nibbānaṃ bhavissati.|| ||

Ite tiṇṇaṃ māsānaṃ accayena Tathāgato parinibbāyissatī” ti.|| ||

67. Atha kho Bhagavā cāpāle cetiye sato sampajāno āyusaṅkhāraṃ ossaji.|| ||

Ossaṭṭhe ca Bhagavatā āyusaṅkhāre mahābhūmi-cālo ahosi hiṃsanako salomahaṃso.|| ||

Deva-dundubhiyo ca phaliṃsu.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā [107] etam atthaṃ viditvā tāyaṃ velāyaṃ imaṃ udānaṃ udānesi:|| ||

Tulamatulañca sambhavaṃ|| ||

Bhava-saṅkhāramavassajī muni,|| ||

Ajjhattarato samāhito|| ||

Abhindi kavacamivattasambhavanti.|| ||

(Bhūmicālassa aṭṭha hetu)|| ||

68. Atha kho āyasmato Ānandassa etad ahosi: acchariyaṃ vata bho,|| abbhutaṃ vata bho.|| ||

Mahā vatāyaṃ bhūmi-cālo,|| sumahā vatāyaṃ bhūmi-cālo,|| hiṃsanako salomahaṃso.|| ||

Deva-dundubhiyo ca eliṃsu.|| ||

Ko nu kho hetu ko paccayo mahato bhūmicālassa pātu-bhāvāyā ti.|| ||

Atha kho āyasmā Ānando yena Bhagavā ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā Bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā eka-m-antaṃ nisīdi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ nisinno kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca: acchariyaṃ bhante,|| abbhutaṃ bhante.|| ||

Mahā vatāyaṃ bhante bhūmi-cālo,|| sumahā vatāyaṃ bhante bhūmi-cālo hiṃsanako salomahaṃso.|| ||

Deva-dundubhiyo ca eliṃsu.|| ||

Ko nu kho bhante hetu ko paccayo mahato bhūmicālassa pātu-bhāvāyā” ti?|| ||

69. Aṭṭha kho ime Ānanda hetu aṭṭha paccayā mahato bhūmicālassa pātu-bhāvāya.|| ||

Katame aṭṭha?|| ||

Ayaṃ Ānanda mahā-paṭhavi udake pati-ṭ-ṭhitā.|| ||

Udakaṃ vāte pati-ṭ-ṭhitaṃ.|| ||

Vāto ākāsaṭṭho hoti.|| ||

Hoti kho so Ānanda samayo yaṃ mahāvātā vāyanti,|| mahāvātā vāyantā udakaṃ kampenti,|| udakaṃ kampitaṃ paṭhaviṃ kampeti.|| ||

Ayaṃ [108] paṭhamo hetu paṭhamo paccayo mahato bhūmicālassa pātu-bhāvāya. (1)|| ||

Puna ca paraṃ Ānanda samaṇo vā hoti brāhmaṇo vā ididhimā ceto-vasi-p-patto,|| devo vā mahiddhiko mah-ā-nubhāvo,|| tassa parittā paṭhavi-saññā bhāvitā hoti,|| appamāṇā āposaññā.|| ||

So imaṃ paṭhaviṃ kampeti saṃkampeti sampakampeti sampavedheti.|| ||

Ayaṃ dutiyo hetu dutiyo paccayo mahato bhūmicālassa pātu-bhāvāya. (2)|| ||

Puna ca paraṃ Ānanda yadā bodhisatto Tusitā kāyā cavitvā sato sampajāno mātu-kucchiṃ okkamati,|| tadā’yaṃ paṭhavī kampati saṃkampati sampakampati sampavedhati.|| ||

Ayaṃ tatiyo hetu tatiyo paccayo mahato bhūmicālassa pātu-bhāvāya. (3)|| ||

Puna ca paraṃ Ānanda yadā bodhisatto sato sampajāno mātu-kucchismiṃ ni-k-khamati,|| tadāyaṃ paṭhavī kampati saṃkampati sampakampati sampavedhati.|| ||

Ayaṃ catuttho hetu catuttho paccayo mahato bhūmicālassa pātu-bhāvāya. (4)|| ||

Puna ca paraṃ Ānanda yadā Tathāgato anuttaraṃ sammā-sambodhiṃ abhisambujjhati,|| tadāyaṃ paṭhavī kampati saṅkampati sampakampati sampavedhati.|| ||

Ayaṃ pañcamo hetu pañcamo paccayo mahato bhūmicālassa pātu-bhāvāya. (5)|| ||

Puna ca paraṃ Ānanda yadā Tathāgato anuttaraṃ Dhamma-cakkaṃ pavatteti,|| tadāyaṃ paṭhavī kampati saṃkampati sampakampati sampavedhati.|| ||

Ayaṃ chaṭṭho hetu chaṭṭho paccayo mahato bhūmicālassa pātu-bhāvāya. (6)|| ||

Puna ca paraṃ Ānanda yadā Tathāgato sato sampajāno āyusaṅkhāraṃ ossajati,|| tadāyaṃ paṭhavī kampati saṃkampati sampakampati sampavedhati.|| ||

Ayaṃ sattamo hetu sattamo paccayo mahato bhūmicālassa pātu-bhāvāya. (7)|| ||

Puna ca paraṃ Ānanda yadā Tathāgato anupādisesāya [109] Nibbānadhātuyā parinibkhāyati,|| tadā’yaṃ paṭhavī kampati saṃkampati sampakampati sampavedhati.|| ||

Ayaṃ aṭṭhamo hetu aṭṭhamo paccayo mahato bhūmicālassa pātu-bhāvāya. (8)|| ||

Ime kho Ānanda aṭṭha hetu aṭṭha paccayā mahato bhūmicālassa pātu-bhāvāyā ti.|| ||

(Aṭṭhaparisā)|| ||

70. Aṭṭha kho imā Ānanda parisā.|| ||

Katamā aṭṭha?|| ||

Khattiyaparisā brāhmaṇa-parisā gahapati-parisā samaṇa-parisā cātu-m-mahārājikaparisā Tāvatiṃsa-parisā Māra-parisā Brahma-parisā.|| ||

Abhijānāmi kho panāhaṃ Ānanda aneka-sataṃ khattiyarisaṃ upasaṅkamitā.|| ||

Tatrāpi mayā sannisinna-pubbañ c’eva sallapita-pubbañca sākacchā ca samāpajjita-pubbā.|| ||

Tattha yādisako tesaṃ vaṇṇo hoti,|| tādisako mayhaṃ vaṇṇo hoti.|| ||

Yādisako tesaṃ saro hoti,|| tādisako mayhaṃ saro hoti.|| ||

Dhammiyā ca kathāya sandassemi.|| ||

Samādapemi samuttejemi.|| ||

Sampahaṃsemi.|| ||

Bhāsamānañca maṃ na jānanti ‘ko nu kho ayaṃ bhāsati devo vā manusso vā’ ti.|| ||

Dhammiyā kathāya sanda-s-setvā samāda-petvā samutte-chetvā sampahaṃ-setvā antara-dhāyāmi.|| ||

Antara-hitañ ca maṃ na jānanti ‘ko nu kho ayaṃ antara-hito devo vā manusso vā’ ti.|| ||

Abhijānāmi kho panāhaṃ Ānanda aneka-sataṃ brāhmaṇa-parisaṃ upasaṅkamitā.|| ||

Tatrāpi mayā sannisinna-pubbañ c’eva sallapita-pubbañca sākacchā ca samāpajjita-pubbā.|| ||

Tattha yādisako tesaṃ vaṇṇo hoti,|| tādisako mayhaṃ vaṇṇo hoti.|| ||

Yādisako tesaṃ saro hoti,|| tādisako mayhaṃ saro hoti.|| ||

Dhammiyā ca kathāya sandassemi.|| ||

Samādapemi samuttejemi.|| ||

Sampahaṃsemi.|| ||

Bhāsamānañca maṃ na jānanti ‘ko nu kho ayaṃ bhāsati devo vā manusso vā’ ti.|| ||

Dhammiyā kathāya sanda-s-setvā samāda-petvā samutte-chetvā sampahaṃ-setvā antara-dhāyāmi.|| ||

Antara-hitañ ca maṃ na jānanti ‘ko nu kho ayaṃ antara-hito devo vā manusso vā’ ti.|| ||

Abhijānāmi kho panāhaṃ Ānanda aneka-sataṃ gahapati-parisaṃ upasaṅkamitā.|| ||

Tatrāpi mayā sannisinna-pubbañ c’eva sallapita-pubbañca sākacchā ca samāpajjita-pubbā.|| ||

Tattha yādisako tesaṃ vaṇṇo hoti,|| tādisako mayhaṃ vaṇṇo hoti.|| ||

Yādisako tesaṃ saro hoti,|| tādisako mayhaṃ saro hoti.|| ||

Dhammiyā ca kathāya sandassemi.|| ||

Samādapemi samuttejemi.|| ||

Sampahaṃsemi.|| ||

Bhāsamānañca maṃ na jānanti ‘ko nu kho ayaṃ bhāsati devo vā manusso vā’ ti.|| ||

Dhammiyā kathāya sanda-s-setvā samāda-petvā samutte-chetvā sampahaṃ-setvā antara-dhāyāmi.|| ||

Antara-hitañ ca maṃ na jānanti ‘ko nu kho ayaṃ antara-hito devo vā manusso vā’ ti.|| ||

Abhijānāmi kho panāhaṃ Ānanda aneka-sataṃ samaṇa-parisaṃ upasaṅkamitā.|| ||

Tatrāpi mayā sannisinna-pubbañ c’eva sallapita-pubbañca sākacchā ca samāpajjita-pubbā.|| ||

Tattha yādisako tesaṃ vaṇṇo hoti,|| tādisako mayhaṃ vaṇṇo hoti.|| ||

Yādisako tesaṃ saro hoti,|| tādisako mayhaṃ saro hoti.|| ||

Dhammiyā ca kathāya sandassemi.|| ||

Samādapemi samuttejemi.|| ||

Sampahaṃsemi.|| ||

Bhāsamānañca maṃ na jānanti ‘ko nu kho ayaṃ bhāsati devo vā manusso vā’ ti.|| ||

Dhammiyā kathāya sanda-s-setvā samāda-petvā samutte-chetvā sampahaṃ-setvā antara-dhāyāmi.|| ||

Antara-hitañ ca maṃ na jānanti ‘ko nu kho ayaṃ antara-hito devo vā manusso vā’ ti.|| ||

Abhijānāmi kho panāhaṃ Ānanda aneka-sataṃ cātu-m-mahārājikaparisaṃ upasaṅkamitā.|| ||

Tatrāpi mayā sannisinna-pubbañ c’eva sallapita-pubbañca sākacchā ca samāpajjita-pubbā.|| ||

Tattha yādisako tesaṃ vaṇṇo hoti,|| tādisako mayhaṃ vaṇṇo hoti.|| ||

Yādisako tesaṃ saro hoti,|| tādisako mayhaṃ saro hoti.|| ||

Dhammiyā ca kathāya sandassemi.|| ||

Samādapemi samuttejemi.|| ||

Sampahaṃsemi.|| ||

Bhāsamānañca maṃ na jānanti ‘ko nu kho ayaṃ bhāsati devo vā manusso vā’ ti.|| ||

Dhammiyā kathāya sanda-s-setvā samāda-petvā samutte-chetvā sampahaṃ-setvā antara-dhāyāmi.|| ||

Antara-hitañ ca maṃ na jānanti ‘ko nu kho ayaṃ antara-hito devo vā manusso vā’ ti.|| ||

Abhijānāmi kho panāhaṃ Ānanda aneka-sataṃ Tāvatiṃsaparisaṃ upasaṅkamitā.|| ||

Tatrāpi mayā sannisinna-pubbañ c’eva sallapita-pubbañca sākacchā ca samāpajjita-pubbā.|| ||

Tattha yādisako tesaṃ vaṇṇo hoti,|| tādisako mayhaṃ vaṇṇo hoti.|| ||

Yādisako tesaṃ saro hoti,|| tādisako mayhaṃ saro hoti.|| ||

Dhammiyā ca kathāya sandassemi.|| ||

Samādapemi samuttejemi.|| ||

Sampahaṃsemi.|| ||

Bhāsamānañca maṃ na jānanti ‘ko nu kho ayaṃ bhāsati devo vā manusso vā’ ti.|| ||

Dhammiyā kathāya sanda-s-setvā samāda-petvā samutte-chetvā sampahaṃ-setvā antara-dhāyāmi.|| ||

Antara-hitañ ca maṃ na jānanti ‘ko nu kho ayaṃ antara-hito devo vā manusso vā’ ti.|| ||

Abhijānāmi kho panāhaṃ Ānanda aneka-sataṃ māraparisaṃ upasaṅkamitā.|| ||

Tatrāpi mayā sannisinna-pubbañ c’eva sallapita-pubbañca sākacchā ca samāpajjita-pubbā.|| ||

Tattha yādisako tesaṃ vaṇṇo hoti,|| tādisako mayhaṃ vaṇṇo hoti.|| ||

Yādisako tesaṃ saro hoti,|| tādisako mayhaṃ saro hoti.|| ||

Dhammiyā ca kathāya sandassemi.|| ||

Samādapemi samuttejemi.|| ||

Sampahaṃsemi.|| ||

Bhāsamānañca maṃ na jānanti ‘ko nu kho ayaṃ bhāsati devo vā manusso vā’ ti.|| ||

Dhammiyā kathāya sanda-s-setvā samāda-petvā samutte-chetvā sampahaṃ-setvā antara-dhāyāmi.|| ||

Antara-hitañ ca maṃ na jānanti ‘ko nu kho ayaṃ antara-hito devo vā manusso vā’ ti.|| ||

Abhijānāmi kho panāhaṃ Ānanda aneka-sataṃ brahmaparisaṃ upasaṅkamitā.|| ||

Tatrāpi mayā sannisinna-pubbañ c’eva sallapita-pubbañca sākacchā ca samāpajjita-pubbā.|| ||

Tattha yādisako tesaṃ vaṇṇo hoti,|| tādisako mayhaṃ vaṇṇo hoti.|| ||

Yādisako tesaṃ saro hoti,|| tādisako mayhaṃ saro hoti.|| ||

Dhammiyā ca kathāya sandassemi.|| ||

Samādapemi samuttejemi.|| ||

Sampahaṃsemi.|| ||

Bhāsamānañca maṃ na jānanti ‘ko nu kho ayaṃ bhāsati devo vā manusso vā’ ti.|| ||

[110] Dhammiyā ca kathāya sanda-s-setvā samāda-petvā samutte-chetvā sampahaṃ-setvā antara-dhāyāmi.|| ||

Antara-hitañ ca maṃ na jānanti ‘ko nu kho ayaṃ antara-hito devo vā manusso vā’ ti.|| ||

Imā kho Ānanda aṭṭha parisā.|| ||

§

Aṭṭha Abhibh’Āyatanāni

24. Aṭṭha kho imāni Ānanda abhibh’āyatanāni.|| ||

Katamāni aṭṭha?|| ||

25. [1] Ajjhattaṃ rūpa-saññī|| eko bahiddhā-rūpāni passati|| parittāni su-vaṇṇa-du-b-baṇṇāni,|| ‘tāni abhibhuyya jānāmi passāmī’ ti|| evaṃ-saññī hoti.|| ||

Idaṃ paṭhamaṃ abhibh’āyatanaṃ.|| ||

26. [2] Ajjhattaṃ rūpa-saññī|| eko bahiddhā-rūpāni passati|| appamāṇāni|| su-vaṇṇa-du-b-baṇṇāni,|| ‘Tāni abhibhuyya jānāmi passāmī’ ti|| evaṃ-saññī hoti.|| ||

Idaṃ dutiyaṃ abhibh’āyatanaṃ.|| ||

27. [3] Ajjhattaṃ arūpa-saññī eko|| bahiddhā rūpāni|| passati parittāni|| su-vaṇṇa-du-b-baṇṇāni,|| tāni abhibhuyya|| ‘jānāmi passāmī’ ti|| evaṃ-saññī hoti.|| ||

Idaṃ tatiyaṃ abhibh’āyatanaṃ.|| ||

28. [4] Ajjhattaṃ arūpa-saññī eko|| bahiddhā rūpāni|| passati appamāṇāni|| su-vaṇṇa-du-b-baṇṇāni,|| tāni abhibhuyya|| ‘jānāmi passāmī’ ti|| evaṃ-saññī hoti.|| ||

Idaṃ catutthaṃ abhibh’āyatanaṃ.|| ||

29. [5] Ajjhattaṃ arūpa-saññī eko|| bahiddhā rūpāni|| passati nīlāni|| nīla-vaṇṇāni|| nīla-dassanāni|| nīlani-bhāsāni.|| ||

Seyyathā pi nāma ummāpupphaṃ|| nīlaṃ|| nīla-vaṇṇaṃ|| nīlani-dassanaṃ|| nīlani-bhāsaṃ,|| seyyathā pi vā pana taṃ vatthaṃ bārāṇaseyyakaṃ ubhato-bhāga-vimaṭṭhaṃ nīlaṃ nīla-vaṇṇaṃ nīlani-dassanaṃ nīlani-bhāsaṃ|| ||

Evam eva ajjhattaṃ arūpa-saññī eko|| bahiddhā rūpāni passati nīlāni|| nīla-vaṇṇāni|| nīlani-dassanāni|| nīlani-bhāsāni|| tāni abhibhuyya|| ‘jānāmi passāmī’ ti|| evaṃ-saññī hoti.|| ||

Idaṃ pañcamaṃ abhibh’āyatanaṃ.|| ||

[111] 30. [6] Ajjhattaṃ arūpa-saññī eko|| bahiddhā rūpāni|| passati pītāni|| pīta-vaṇṇāni|| pītani-dassanāni|| pītani-bhāsāni.|| ||

Seyyathā pi nāma kkaṇikāra-pupphaṃ pītaṃ pīta-vaṇṇaṃ pītani-dassanaṃ pītani-bhāsaṃ,|| seyyathā pi vā pana taṃ vatthaṃ bārāṇaseyyakaṃ ubhato-bhāga-vimaṭṭhaṃ pītaṃ pīta-vaṇṇaṃ pītani-dassanaṃ pītani-bhāsaṃ|| ||

Evam eva ajjhattaṃ arūpa-saññī eko|| bahiddhā rūpāni|| passati pītāni|| pīta-vaṇṇāni|| pītani-dassanāni|| pītani-bhāsāni|| tāni abhibhuyya|| ‘jānāmi passāmī’ ti|| evaṃ-saññī hoti.|| ||

Idaṃ chaṭṭhaṃ abhibh’āyatanaṃ.|| ||

31. [7] Ajjhattaṃ arūpa-saññī eko|| bahiddhā rūpāni|| passati lohita-kāni|| lohitaka-vaṇṇāni|| lohita-kānidassanāni|| lohitakani-bhāsāni.|| ||

Seyyathā pi nāma bandhu-jīvaka-pupphaṃ lohitakaṃ lohitaka-vaṇṇaṃ lohitakani-dassanaṃ lohitakani-bhāsaṃ,|| seyyathā pi vā pana naṃ vatthaṃ bārāṇaseyyakaṃ ubhato-bhāga-vimaṭṭhaṃ lohitakaṃ lohitaka-vaṇṇaṃ lohitakani-dassanaṃ lohitakani-bhāsaṃ.|| ||

Evam eva ajjhattaṃ arūpa-saññī eko bahiddhā rūpāni passati lohita-kāni lohitaka-vaṇṇāni lohitakani-dassanāni lohitakani-bhāsāni|| tāni abhibhuyya|| ‘jānāmi passāmī’ ti|| evaṃ saññī hoti.|| ||

Idaṃ sattamaṃ abhibh’āyatanaṃ.|| ||

32. [8] Ajjhattaṃ arūpa-saññī eko|| bahiddhā rūpāni|| passati odātāni|| odāta-vaṇṇāni|| odātani-dassanāni|| odātani-bhāsāni.|| ||

Seyyathā pi nāma osadhī tārakā odāta-vaṇṇā odātani-dassanā odātani-bhāsā seyyathā pi vā pana taṃ vatthaṃ bārāṇaseyyakaṃ ubhato-bhāga-vimaṭṭhaṃ odātaṃ odātavaṇṇaṃ odātani-dassanaṃ odātani-bhāsaṃ.|| ||

Evam eva ajjhattaṃ arūpa-saññī eko bahiddhā rūpāni passati odātāni odāta-vaṇṇāni odātani-dassanāni odātani-bhāsāni|| tāni abhibhuyya|| ‘jānāmi passāmī’ ti|| evaṃ-saññī hoti.|| ||

Idaṃ aṭṭhamaṃ abhibh’āyatanaṃ.|| ||

Imāni kho aṭṭha Ānanda abhibh’āyatanāni.|| ||

§

33. Aṭṭha kho ime Ānanda vimokkho.|| ||

Katame aṭṭha?|| ||

[1] Rūpī rūpāni passati.|| ||

Ayaṃ paṭhamo vimokkho|| ||

[112] 34. [2] Ajjhattaṃ arūpa-saññī bahiddhā rūpāni passati.|| ||

Ayaṃ dutiyo vimokkho.|| ||

35. [3] Subhanteva adhimutto hoti.|| ||

Ayaṃ tatiyo vimokkho.|| ||

36. [4] Sabbaso rūpa-saññānaṃ samati-k-kamā paṭigha-saññānaṃ atthaṅ-gamā nānatta-saññānaṃ amanasikārā ‘ananto ākāso’ti Ākāsanañ-c’āyatanaṃ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Ayaṃ catuttho vimokkho.|| ||

37. [5] Sabbaso Ākāsanañ-c’āyatanaṃ samati-k-kamma ‘Anantaṃ viññāṇan’ ti.Viññāṇañ-c’āyatanaṃ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Ayaṃ pañcamo vimokkho.|| ||

38. [6] Sabbaso Viññāṇañ-c’āyatanaṃ samati-k-kamma ‘n’atthi kiñcī’ti Ākiñcaññ’āyatanaṃ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Ayaṃ chaṭṭho vimokkho.|| ||

39. [7] Sabbaso Ākiñcaññ’āyatanaṃ samati-k-kamma N’eva-saññā-nā-saññ’āyatanaṃ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Ayaṃ sattamo vimokkho.|| ||

40. [8] Sabbaso N’eva-saññā-nā-saññ’āyatanaṃ samati-k-kamma saññā-vedayita-nirodhaṃ upasampajja viharati.|| ||

Ayaṃ aṭṭhamo vimokkho.|| ||

Ime kho Ānanda aṭṭha vimokkhā.|| ||

§

(Mārāyā canā)|| ||

73. Ekam idāhaṃ Ānanda samayaṃ uruvelāyaṃ viharāmi najjā nerañjarāya tīre Ajapāla-nigrodha-mūle paṭham-ā-bhisambuddho.|| ||

Atha kho Ānanda Māro pāpimā yenāhaṃ ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā eka-m-antaṃ aṭṭhāsi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ ṭhito kho Ānanda Māro pāpimā maṃ etad avoca: parinibbātu’dāni bhante Bhagavā,|| parinibbātu Sugato.|| ||

Parinibbānakālo’dāni bhante Bhagavato’ ti.|| ||

Evaṃ vutto’haṃ Ānanda Māraṃ pāpimantaṃ etad avocaṃ: “na tāvāhaṃ pāpima parinibbāyissāmi yāva me bhikkhu na sāvakā bhavissanti viyattā vinītā visāradā bahu-s-sutā dhamma-dharā Dhamm-ā-nu-Dhamma-paṭipannā sāmīci-paṭipannā anu-Dhammacārino,|| sakaṃ ācariyakaṃ uggahetvā ācikkhi’ssanti desessanti paññāpessanti1 paṭṭhapessanti [113] vivarissanti vibhajissanti uttānīkarissanti,|| 2 uppannaṃ parappavādaṃ saha dhammena su-niggahitaṃ3 niggahetvā sappāṭihāriyaṃ dhammaṃ desessanti.|| ||

“Na tāvāhaṃ pāpima parinibbāyissāmi yāva me bhikkhuniyo na sāvikā bhavissanti viyattā vinītā visāradā bahu-s-sutā dhamma-dharā Dhamm-ā-nu-Dhamma-paṭipannā sāmīci-paṭipannā anu-Dhammacāriniyo,|| sakaṃ ācariyakaṃ uggahetvā ācikkhi’ssanti desessanti paññāpessanti1 paṭṭhapessanti vivarissanti vibhajissanti uttānīkarissanti,|| uppannaṃ parappavādaṃ saha dhammena su-niggahitaṃ3 niggahetvā sappāṭihāriyaṃ dhammaṃ desessanti.|| ||

“Na tāvāhaṃ pāpima parinibbāyissāmi – yāva me upāsakā na sāvakā bhavissanti viyattā vinītā visāradā bahu-s-sutā dhamma-dharā Dhamm-ā-nu-Dhamma-paṭipannā sāmīci-paṭipannā anu-Dhammacārino,|| sakaṃ ācariyakaṃ uggahetvā ācikkhi’ssanti desessanti paññāpessanti1 paṭṭhapessanti vivarissanti vibhajissanti uttānīkarissanti,|| uppannaṃ parappavādaṃ saha dhammena su-niggahitaṃ3 niggahetvā sappāṭihāriyaṃ dhammaṃ desessanti.|| ||

“Na tāvāhaṃ pāpima parinibbāyissāmi – yāva me upāsikā na sāvikā bhavissanti viyattā vinītā visāradā bahu-s-sutā dhamma-dharā Dhamm-ā-nu-Dhamma-paṭipannā sāmīci-paṭipannā anu-Dhammacāriniyo,|| sakaṃ ācariyakaṃ uggahetvā ācikkhi’ssanti desessanti paññāpessanti1 paṭṭhapessanti vivarissanti vibhajissanti uttānīkarissanti,|| uppannaṃ parappavādaṃ saha dhammena su-niggahitaṃ3 niggahetvā sappāṭihāriyaṃ dhammaṃ desessanti.|| ||

Na tāvāhaṃ pāpima parinibbāyissāmi – yāva me idaṃ Brahma-cariyaṃ na iddhañ c’eva bhavissati phitañ ca vitthārikaṃ bāhu-jaññaṃ1 puthubhūtaṃ yāva-d-eva-manussehi suppakāsitanti.’|| ||

74. Idān’eva kho Ānanda ajja cāpāle 2 cetiye Māro pāpimā yenāhaṃ ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā eka-m-antaṃ aṭṭhāsi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ ṭhito kho Ānanda Māro pāpimā maṃ etad avoca:|| ||

“Parinibbātu’dāni bhante Bhagavā,|| parinibbātu Sugato.|| ||

Parinibbānakālo’dāni bhante Bhagavato.|| ||

Bhāsitā kho pan’esā bhante Bhagavatā vācā: “na tāvāhaṃ [114] pāpima parinibbāyissāmi yāva me bhikkhu na sāvakā bhavissanti viyattā vinītā visāradā bahu-s-sutā dhamma-dharā Dhamm-ā-nu-Dhamma-paṭipannā sāmīci-paṭipannā anu-Dhammacārino,|| sakaṃ ācariyakaṃ uggahetvā ācikkhi’ssanti desessanti paññāpessanti1 paṭṭhapessanti vivarissanti vibhajissanti uttānīkarissanti,|| uppannaṃ parappavādaṃ saha dhammena su-niggahitaṃ3 niggahetvā sappāṭihāriyaṃ dhammaṃ desessanti.|| ||

“Na tāvāhaṃ pāpima parinibbāyissāmi yāva me bhikkhuniyo na sāvikā bhavissanti viyattā vinītā visāradā bahu-s-sutā dhamma-dharā Dhamm-ā-nu-Dhamma-paṭipannā sāmīci-paṭipannā anu-Dhammacāriniyo,|| sakaṃ ācariyakaṃ uggahetvā ācikkhi’ssanti desessanti paññāpessanti1 paṭṭhapessanti vivarissanti vibhajissanti uttānīkarissanti,|| uppannaṃ parappavādaṃ saha dhammena su-niggahitaṃ niggahetvā sappāṭihāriyaṃ dhammaṃ desessanti.|| ||

“Na tāvāhaṃ pāpima parinibbāyissāmi – yāva me upāsakā na sāvakā bhavissanti viyattā vinītā visāradā bahu-s-sutā dhamma-dharā Dhamm-ā-nu-Dhamma-paṭipannā sāmīci-paṭipannā anu-Dhammacārino,|| sakaṃ ācariyakaṃ uggahetvā ācikkhi’ssanti desessanti paññāpessanti1 paṭṭhapessanti vivarissanti vibhajissanti uttānīkarissanti,|| uppannaṃ parappavādaṃ saha dhammena su-niggahitaṃ3 niggahetvā sappāṭihāriyaṃ dhammaṃ desessanti.|| ||

“Na tāvāhaṃ pāpima parinibbāyissāmi – yāva me upāsikā na sāvikā bhavissanti viyattā vinītā visāradā bahu-s-sutā dhamma-dharā Dhamm-ā-nu-Dhamma-paṭipannā sāmīci-paṭipannā anu-Dhammacāriniyo,|| sakaṃ ācariyakaṃ uggahetvā ācikkhi’ssanti desessanti paññāpessanti1 paṭṭhapessanti vivarissanti vibhajissanti uttānīkarissanti,|| uppannaṃ parappavādaṃ saha dhammena su-niggahitaṃ3 niggahetvā sappāṭihāriyaṃ dhammaṃ desessanti.|| ||

Yāva me idaṃ Brahma-cariyaṃ na iddhañ c’eva bhavissati phitañ ca vitthārikaṃ bāhu-jaññaṃ puthubhūtaṃ yāva-d-eva-manussehi suppakāsitanti.|| ||

Etarahi kho pana bhante Bhagavato Brahma-cariyaṃ iddhañ c’eva phītañ ca vitthārikaṃ bāhu-jaññaṃ puthubhūtaṃ yāva-d-eva-manussehi suppakāsitaṃ.|| ||

Parinibbātu’dāni bhante Bhagavā,|| parinibbātu Sugato pari-Nibbānakālo’dāni bhante Bhagavato” ti.|| ||

Evaṃ vutte ahaṃ Ānanda Māraṃ pāpimantaṃ etad avocaṃ: ‘appossukko tvaṃ pāpima hohi.|| ||

Na ciraṃ Tathāgatassa pari-Nibbānaṃ bhavissati.|| ||

Ito tiṇṇaṃ māsānaṃ accayena Tathāgato parinibbāyissatī” ti.|| ||

Idān’eva kho Ānanda ajja cāpāle cetiye Tathāgatena satena sampajānena āyusaṅkhāro ossaṭṭho” ti.|| ||

(Ānandāyā canā)|| ||

75. [115] Evaṃ vutte āyasmā Ānando Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca:|| ||

“Ṭhatu bhante Bhagavā kappaṃ,|| tiṭṭhatu Sugato kappaṃ,|| bahu-jana-hitāya bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānan” ti.|| ||

Alaṃ Ānanda, mā Tathāgataṃ yāci.|| ||

Akālo’dāni Ānanda Tathāgataṃ yā canāyā’ ti.|| ||

Dutiyam pi kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca:|| ||

“ṭhatu bhante Bhagavā kappaṃ,|| tiṭṭhatu Sugato kappaṃ,|| bahu-jana-hitāya bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānan” ti.|| ||

Tatiyam pi kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca:|| ||

“ṭhatu bhante Bhagavā kappaṃ,|| tiṭṭhatu Sugato kappaṃ,|| bahu-jana-hitāya bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānan” ti.|| ||

Saddahasi tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgatassa bodhin” ti?|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti.|| ||

Atha kiñ carahi tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgataṃ yāvatatiyakaṃ abhinippīḷesī” ti?|| ||

Sammukhā me taṃ bhante Bhagavato sutaṃ sammukhā paṭiggahitaṃ: “yassa kassaci Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā,|| so ākaṅkha-māno kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kakappāvasesaṃ vā.|| ||

Tathāgatassa kho Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkha-māno Ānanda Tathāgatokappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā” ti.|| ||

Saddahasi tvaṃ ānandā” ti?|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti.|| ||

Tasmā ‘ti h’Ānanda tuyhevetaṃ dukkaṭaṃ,|| tuyhevetaṃ aparaddhaṃ,|| yaṃ tvaṃ Tathāgatena evaṃ oḷārike nimitte kayiramāne,|| 1 oḷārike obhāse kayiramāne nāsakkhi paṭivijjhituṃ.|| ||

Na Tathāgataṃ yāci ‘tiṭṭhatu bhante Bhagavā kappaṃ,|| tiṭṭhatu Sugato kappaṃ bahu-jana-hitāya bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānan’ ti.|| ||

Sace tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgataṃ yāceyyāsi,|| dve va te vācā Tathāgato paṭikkhipeyya,|| atha tatiyakaṃ adhivāseyya.|| ||

Tasmā ‘ti h’Ānanda tuyhevetaṃ dukkaṭaṃ,|| tuyhevetaṃ aparaddhaṃ.|| ||

76. Ekam idāhaṃ Ānanda samayaṃ Rājagahe viharāmi Gijjhakūṭe pabbate.|| ||

Tatra pi kho tāhaṃ Ānanda āmantesiṃ: [116] ramaṇīyaṃ Ānanda Rājagahaṃ ramaṇīyo Gijjhakūṭo pabbato yassa kassaci Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkamāno kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃvā.|| ||

Tathāgatassa kho Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkamāno Ānanda Tathāgato kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā’ ti.|| ||

Evam pi kho tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgatena oḷārikena nimitte kayiramāne oḷārike obhāse kayiramāne nāsakkhi paṭivijjhituṃ.|| ||

Na Tathāgataṃ yāci: ‘tiṭṭhatu bhante Bhagavā kappaṃ tiṭṭhatu Sugato kappaṃ bahu-jana-hitāya,|| bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānan’ ti.|| ||

Sace tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgataṃ yāceyyāsi,|| dveva te vācā Tathāgato paṭikkhipeyya,|| atha tatiyakaṃ adhivaseyya.|| ||

Tasmā ‘ti h’Ānanda tuyhevetaṃ dukkaṭaṃ,|| tuyhevetaṃ aparaddhaṃ.|| ||

Ekam idāhaṃ Ānanda samayaṃ tatth’eva Rājagahe viharāmi Gotama nigrodhe.|| ||

Tatra pi kho tāhaṃ Ānanda āmantesiṃ: ramaṇīyaṃ Ānanda Rājagahaṃ ramaṇīyo Gotamanigrodho.|| ||

Yassa kassaci Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkamāno kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃvā.|| ||

Tathāgatassa kho Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkamāno Ānanda Tathāgato kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā’ ti.|| ||

Evam pi kho tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgatena oḷārikena nimitte kayiramāne oḷārike obhāse kayiramāne nāsakkhi paṭivijjhituṃ.|| ||

Na Tathāgataṃ yāci: ‘tiṭṭhatu bhante Bhagavā kappaṃ tiṭṭhatu Sugato kappaṃ bahu-jana-hitāya,|| bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānan’ ti.|| ||

Sace tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgataṃ yāceyyāsi,|| dveva te vācā Tathāgato paṭikkhipeyya,|| atha tatiyakaṃ adhivaseyya.|| ||

Tasmā ‘ti h’Ānanda tuyhevetaṃ dukkaṭaṃ,|| tuyhevetaṃ aparaddhaṃ.|| ||

Ekam idāhaṃ Ānanda samayaṃ tatth’eva Rājagahe viharāmi corapapāte.|| ||

Tatra pi kho tāhaṃ Ānanda āmantesiṃ: ramaṇīyaṃ Ānanda Rājagahaṃ ramaṇīyo corapapāto.|| ||

Yassa kassaci Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkamāno kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃvā.|| ||

Tathāgatassa kho Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkamāno Ānanda Tathāgato kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā’ ti.|| ||

Evam pi kho tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgatena oḷārikena nimitte kayiramāne oḷārike obhāse kayiramāne nāsakkhi paṭivijjhituṃ.|| ||

Na Tathāgataṃ yāci: ‘tiṭṭhatu bhante Bhagavā kappaṃ tiṭṭhatu Sugato kappaṃ bahu-jana-hitāya,|| bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānan’ ti.|| ||

Sace tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgataṃ yāceyyāsi,|| dveva te vācā Tathāgato paṭikkhipeyya,|| atha tatiyakaṃ adhivaseyya.|| ||

Tasmā ‘ti h’Ānanda tuyhevetaṃ dukkaṭaṃ,|| tuyhevetaṃ aparaddhaṃ.|| ||

Ekam idāhaṃ Ānanda samayaṃ tatth’eva Rājagahe viharāmi vebhārapasse sattapaṇṇiguhāyaṃ.|| ||

Tatra pi kho tāhaṃ Ānanda āmantesiṃ: ramaṇīyaṃ Ānanda Rājagahaṃ ramaṇīyā vebhārapasse sattapaṇṇiguhā.|| ||

Yassa kassaci Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkamāno kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃvā.|| ||

Tathāgatassa kho Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkamāno Ānanda Tathāgato kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā’ ti.|| ||

Evam pi kho tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgatena oḷārikena nimitte kayiramāne oḷārike obhāse kayiramāne nāsakkhi paṭivijjhituṃ.|| ||

Na Tathāgataṃ yāci: ‘tiṭṭhatu bhante Bhagavā kappaṃ tiṭṭhatu Sugato kappaṃ bahu-jana-hitāya,|| bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānan’ ti.|| ||

Sace tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgataṃ yāceyyāsi,|| dveva te vācā Tathāgato paṭikkhipeyya,|| atha tatiyakaṃ adhivaseyya.|| ||

Tasmā ‘ti h’Ānanda tuyhevetaṃ dukkaṭaṃ,|| tuyhevetaṃ aparaddhaṃ.|| ||

Ekam idāhaṃ Ānanda samayaṃ tatth’eva Rājagahe viharāmi Isigilipasse Kāḷasilāyaṃ.|| ||

Tatra pi kho tāhaṃ Ānanda āmantesiṃ: ramaṇīyaṃ Ānanda Rājagahaṃ ramaṇīyā Isigilipasse Kāḷasilā.|| ||

Yassa kassaci Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkamāno kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃvā.|| ||

Tathāgatassa kho Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkamāno Ānanda Tathāgato kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā’ ti.|| ||

Evam pi kho tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgatena oḷārikena nimitte kayiramāne oḷārike obhāse kayiramāne nāsakkhi paṭivijjhituṃ.|| ||

Na Tathāgataṃ yāci: ‘tiṭṭhatu bhante Bhagavā kappaṃ tiṭṭhatu Sugato kappaṃ bahu-jana-hitāya,|| bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānan’ ti.|| ||

Sace tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgataṃ yāceyyāsi,|| dveva te vācā Tathāgato paṭikkhipeyya,|| atha tatiyakaṃ adhivaseyya.|| ||

Tasmā ‘ti h’Ānanda tuyhevetaṃ dukkaṭaṃ,|| tuyhevetaṃ aparaddhaṃ.|| ||

Ekam idāhaṃ Ānanda samayaṃ tatth’eva Rājagahe viharāmi sītavane sappasoṇḍikapabbhāre.|| ||

Tatra pi kho tāhaṃ Ānanda āmantesiṃ: ramaṇīyaṃ Ānanda Rājagahaṃ ramaṇīyo sītavane sappasoṇḍikapabbhāro.|| ||

Yassa kassaci Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkamāno kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃvā.|| ||

Tathāgatassa kho Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkamāno Ānanda Tathāgato kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā’ ti.|| ||

Evam pi kho tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgatena oḷārikena nimitte kayiramāne oḷārike obhāse kayiramāne nāsakkhi paṭivijjhituṃ.|| ||

Na Tathāgataṃ yāci: ‘tiṭṭhatu bhante Bhagavā kappaṃ tiṭṭhatu Sugato kappaṃ bahu-jana-hitāya,|| bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānan’ ti.|| ||

Sace tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgataṃ yāceyyāsi,|| dveva te vācā Tathāgato paṭikkhipeyya,|| atha tatiyakaṃ adhivaseyya.|| ||

Tasmā ‘ti h’Ānanda tuyhevetaṃ dukkaṭaṃ,|| tuyhevetaṃ aparaddhaṃ.|| ||

Ekam idāhaṃ Ānanda samayaṃ tatth’eva Rājagahe viharāmi Tapodārāme.|| ||

Tatra pi kho tāhaṃ Ānanda āmantesiṃ: ramaṇīyaṃ Ānanda Rājagahaṃ [117] ramaṇīyo Tapodārāmo.|| ||

Yassa kassaci Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkamāno kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃvā.|| ||

Tathāgatassa kho Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkamāno Ānanda Tathāgato kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā’ ti.|| ||

Evam pi kho tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgatena oḷārikena nimitte kayiramāne oḷārike obhāse kayiramāne nāsakkhi paṭivijjhituṃ.|| ||

Na Tathāgataṃ yāci: ‘tiṭṭhatu bhante Bhagavā kappaṃ tiṭṭhatu Sugato kappaṃ bahu-jana-hitāya,|| bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānan’ ti.|| ||

Sace tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgataṃ yāceyyāsi,|| dveva te vācā Tathāgato paṭikkhipeyya,|| atha tatiyakaṃ adhivaseyya.|| ||

Tasmā ‘ti h’Ānanda tuyhevetaṃ dukkaṭaṃ,|| tuyhevetaṃ aparaddhaṃ.|| ||

Ekam idāhaṃ Ānanda samayaṃ tatth’eva Rājagahe viharāmi Veḷuvane Kalandakanivāpe.|| ||

Tatra pi kho tāhaṃ Ānanda āmantesiṃ: ramaṇīyaṃ Ānanda Rājagahaṃ ramaṇīyo veevane kalandaka nivāpo.|| ||

Yassa kassaci Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkamāno kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃvā.|| ||

Tathāgatassa kho Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkamāno Ānanda Tathāgato kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā’ ti.|| ||

Evam pi kho tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgatena oḷārikena nimitte kayiramāne oḷārike obhāse kayiramāne nāsakkhi paṭivijjhituṃ.|| ||

Na Tathāgataṃ yāci: ‘tiṭṭhatu bhante Bhagavā kappaṃ tiṭṭhatu Sugato kappaṃ bahu-jana-hitāya,|| bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānan’ ti.|| ||

Sace tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgataṃ yāceyyāsi,|| dveva te vācā Tathāgato paṭikkhipeyya,|| atha tatiyakaṃ adhivaseyya.|| ||

Tasmā ‘ti h’Ānanda tuyhevetaṃ dukkaṭaṃ,|| tuyhevetaṃ aparaddhaṃ.|| ||

Ekam idāhaṃ Ānanda samayaṃ tatth’eva Rājagahe viharāmi jīvakAmbavane .|| ||

Tatra pi kho tāhaṃ Ānanda āmantesiṃ: ramaṇīyaṃ Ānanda Rājagahaṃ ramaṇīyaṃ jīvakambavanaṃ.|| ||

Yassa kassaci Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkamāno kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃvā.|| ||

Tathāgatassa kho Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkamāno Ānanda Tathāgato kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā’ ti.|| ||

Evam pi kho tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgatena oḷārikena nimitte kayiramāne oḷārike obhāse kayiramāne nāsakkhi paṭivijjhituṃ.|| ||

Na Tathāgataṃ yāci: ‘tiṭṭhatu bhante Bhagavā kappaṃ tiṭṭhatu Sugato kappaṃ bahu-jana-hitāya,|| bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānan’ ti.|| ||

Sace tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgataṃ yāceyyāsi,|| dveva te vācā Tathāgato paṭikkhipeyya,|| atha tatiyakaṃ adhivaseyya.|| ||

Tasmā ‘ti h’Ānanda tuyhevetaṃ dukkaṭaṃ,|| tuyhevetaṃ aparaddhaṃ.|| ||

Ekam idāhaṃ Ānanda samayaṃ tatth’eva Rājagahe viharāmi maddakucchismiṃ Migadāye.|| ||

Tatrā pi kho tāhaṃ Ānanda āmantesiṃ: ramaṇīyaṃ Ānanda Rājagahaṃ ramaṇīyo Gotamanigrodho.|| ||

Yassa kassaci Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkamāno kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃvā.|| ||

Tathāgatassa kho Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkamāno Ānanda Tathāgato kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā’ ti.|| ||

Evam pi kho tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgatena,|| oḷārikena nimitte kayiramāne oḷārike obhāse kayiramāne nāsakkhi paṭivijjhituṃ.|| ||

Na Tathāgataṃ yāci: ‘tiṭṭhatu bhante Bhagavā kappaṃ tiṭṭhatu Sugato kappaṃ bahu-jana-hitāya,|| bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānan’ ti.|| ||

Sace tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgataṃ yāceyyāsi,|| dveva te vācā Tathāgato paṭikkhipeyya,|| atha tatiyakaṃ adhivaseyya.|| ||

Tasmā ‘ti h’Ānanda tuyhevetaṃ dukkaṭaṃ,|| tuyhevetaṃ aparaddhaṃ.|| ||

77. Ekam idāhaṃ Ānanda samayaṃ idh’eva Vesāliyaṃ viharāmi udenacetiye.|| ||

Tatra pi kho tāhaṃ Ānanda āmantesi: ramaṇīyā Ānanda Vesālī,|| ramaṇīyaṃ udenaṃ cetiyaṃ.|| ||

Yassa kassaci Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkha-māno kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā Tathāgatassa kho Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkha-māno Ānanda Tathāgato kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā’ ti.|| ||

Evam pi kho tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgatena oḷārike nimitte kayiramāne oḷārike obhāse kayiramāne nāsakkhi paṭivijjhituṃ.|| ||

Na Tathāgataṃ yāci: ‘tiṭṭhatu bhante Bhagavā kappaṃ tiṭṭhatu Sugato kappaṃ bahu-jana-hitāya,|| bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānan’ ti.|| ||

Sace tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgataṃ yāceyyāsi,|| dveva te vācā Tathāgato paṭikkhipeyya,|| atha tatiyakaṃ adhivāseyya.|| ||

Tasmā ‘ti h’Ānanda tuyhevetaṃ dukkaṭaṃ,|| tuyhevetaṃ aparaddhaṃ.|| ||

[118] Ekam idāhaṃ Ānanda samayaṃ idh’eva Vesāliyaṃ viharāmi Gotamakecetiye.|| ||

Tatra pi kho tāhaṃ Ānanda āmantesi: ramaṇīyā Ānanda Vesālī,|| ramaṇīyaṃ Gotamatecetiyaṃ.|| ||

Yassa kassaci Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkha-māno kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā Tathāgatassa kho Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkha-māno Ānanda Tathāgato kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā’ ti.|| ||

Evam pi kho tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgatena oḷārike nimitte kayiramāne oḷārike obhāse kayiramāne nāsakkhi paṭivijjhituṃ.|| ||

Na Tathāgataṃ yāci: ‘tiṭṭhatu bhante Bhagavā kappaṃ tiṭṭhatu Sugato kappaṃ bahu-jana-hitāya,|| bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānan’ ti.|| ||

Sace tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgataṃ yāceyyāsi,|| dveva te vācā Tathāgato paṭikkhipeyya,|| atha tatiyakaṃ adhivāseyya.|| ||

Tasmā ‘ti h’Ānanda tuyhevetaṃ dukkaṭaṃ,|| tuyhevetaṃ aparaddhaṃ.|| ||

Ekam idāhaṃ Ānanda samayaṃ idh’eva Vesāliyaṃ viharāmi sattambecetiye.|| ||

Tatra pi kho tāhaṃ Ānanda āmantesi: ramaṇīyā Ānanda Vesālī,|| ramaṇīyaṃ sattambecetiyaṃ.|| ||

Yassa kassaci Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkha-māno kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā Tathāgatassa kho Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkha-māno Ānanda Tathāgato kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā’ ti.|| ||

Evam pi kho tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgatena oḷārike nimitte kayiramāne oḷārike obhāse kayiramāne nāsakkhi paṭivijjhituṃ.|| ||

Na Tathāgataṃ yāci: ‘tiṭṭhatu bhante Bhagavā kappaṃ tiṭṭhatu Sugato kappaṃ bahu-jana-hitāya,|| bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānan’ ti.|| ||

Sace tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgataṃ yāceyyāsi,|| dveva te vācā Tathāgato paṭikkhipeyya,|| atha tatiyakaṃ adhivāseyya.|| ||

Tasmā ‘ti h’Ānanda tuyhevetaṃ dukkaṭaṃ,|| tuyhevetaṃ aparaddhaṃ.|| ||

Ekam idāhaṃ Ānanda samayaṃ idh’eva Vesāliyaṃ viharāmi bahuputtecetiye.|| ||

Tatra pi kho tāhaṃ Ānanda āmantesi: ramaṇīyā Ānanda Vesālī,|| ramaṇīyaṃ bahuputtecetiyaṃ.|| ||

Yassa kassaci Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkha-māno kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā Tathāgatassa kho Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkha-māno Ānanda Tathāgato kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā’ ti.|| ||

Evam pi kho tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgatena oḷārike nimitte kayiramāne oḷārike obhāse kayiramāne nāsakkhi paṭivijjhituṃ.|| ||

Na Tathāgataṃ yāci: ‘tiṭṭhatu bhante Bhagavā kappaṃ tiṭṭhatu Sugato kappaṃ bahu-jana-hitāya,|| bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānan’ ti.|| ||

Sace tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgataṃ yāceyyāsi,|| dveva te vācā Tathāgato paṭikkhipeyya,|| atha tatiyakaṃ adhivāseyya.|| ||

Tasmā ‘ti h’Ānanda tuyhevetaṃ dukkaṭaṃ,|| tuyhevetaṃ aparaddhaṃ.|| ||

Ekam idāhaṃ Ānanda samayaṃ idh’eva Vesāliyaṃ viharāmi sārandadecetiye.|| ||

Tatra pi kho tāhaṃ Ānanda āmantesi: ramaṇīyā Ānanda Vesālī,|| ramaṇīyaṃ sārandadecetiyaṃ.|| ||

Yassa kassaci Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkha-māno kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā Tathāgatassa kho Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkha-māno Ānanda Tathāgato kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā’ ti.|| ||

Evam pi kho tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgatena oḷārike nimitte kayiramāne oḷārike obhāse kayiramāne nāsakkhi paṭivijjhituṃ.|| ||

Na Tathāgataṃ yāci: ‘tiṭṭhatu bhante Bhagavā kappaṃ tiṭṭhatu Sugato kappaṃ bahu-jana-hitāya,|| bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānan’ ti.|| ||

Sace tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgataṃ yāceyyāsi,|| dveva te vācā Tathāgato paṭikkhipeyya,|| atha tatiyakaṃ adhivāseyya.|| ||

Tasmā ‘ti h’Ānanda tuyhevetaṃ dukkaṭaṃ,|| tuyhevetaṃ aparaddhaṃ.|| ||

Idān’eva kho tāhaṃ Ānanda ajja cāpāle cetiye āmantesi: ramaṇīyā Ānanda Vesālī,|| ramaṇīyaṃ cāpālaṃ cetiyaṃ.|| ||

Yassa kassaci Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkha-māno kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā Tathāgatassa kho Ānanda cattāro iddhi-pādā bhāvitā bahulī-katā yānī-katā vatthu-katā anuṭṭhitā paricitā susamāraddhā.|| ||

So ākaṅkha-māno Ānanda Tathāgato kappaṃ vā tiṭṭheyya kappāvasesaṃ vā’ ti.|| ||

Evam pi kho tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgatena oḷārike nimitte kayiramāne oḷārike obhāse kayiramāne nāsakkhi paṭivijjhituṃ.|| ||

Na Tathāgataṃ yāci: ‘tiṭṭhatu bhante Bhagavā kappaṃ tiṭṭhatu Sugato kappaṃ bahu-jana-hitāya,|| bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānan’ ti.|| ||

Sace tvaṃ Ānanda Tathāgataṃ yāceyyāsi,|| dveva te vācā Tathāgato paṭikkhipeyya,|| atha tatiyakaṃ adhivāseyya.|| ||

Tasmā ‘ti h’Ānanda tuyhevetaṃ dukkaṭaṃ,|| tuyhevetaṃ aparaddhaṃ.|| ||

78. Nanvetaṃ Ānanda mayā paṭigacveva akkhātaṃ: sabbeh’eva piyehi manāpehi nānābhāvo vinābhāvo aññathā-bhāvo.|| ||

Taṃ kutettha Ānanda labbhā yaṃ taṃ jātaṃ bhūtaṃ saṅkhataṃ paloka-dhammaṃ.|| ||

Taṃ vata mā palujjitī.|| ||

Netaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati.|| ||

Yaṃ kho pan’etaṃ Ānanda Tathāgatena cattaṃ vantaṃ muttaṃ pahīnaṃ paṭinissaṭṭhaṃ,|| ossaṭṭho āyusaṅkhāro,|| ekaṃ-sena vācā Tathāgatena bhāsitā ‘na ciraṃ Tathāgatassa pari-Nibbānaṃ [119] bhavissati.|| ||

Ito tiṇṇaṃ māsānaṃ accayena Tathāgato parinibbāyissatī’ ti.|| ||

Tañ cenaṃ1 kathāgato jīvitahetu puna paccāmissatī’ti n’etaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati.|| ||

79. Āyām Ānanda yena Mahāvanaṃ kūṭā-gārasālā ten’upasaṅkamissāmā’ ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti.kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paccassosi.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā āyasmatā Ānandena saddhiṃ yena Mahāvanaṃ kūṭā-gārasālā ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi; gaccha tvaṃ Ānanda,|| yāvatikā bhikkhu Vesāliṃ upanissāya viharanti,|| te sabbe upaṭṭhāna-sālāyaṃ sannipātehī” ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante’ ti kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paṭi-s-sutvā,|| yāvatikā bhikkhu Vesāliṃ upanissāya viharanti,|| te sabbe upaṭṭhāna-sālāyaṃ sannipātetvā yena Bhagavā ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā Bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā eka-m-antaṃ aṭṭhāsi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ ṭhito kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca; “sannipātito bhante bhikkhu-saṅgho,|| yassa dāni bhante Bhagavā kālaṃ maññatī” ti.|| ||

(Brahma-cariyacira-ṭ-ṭhitika – Dhamma-desanā)|| ||

80. Atha kho Bhagavā yena upaṭṭhāna-sālā ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā paññatte āsane nisīdi.|| ||

Nisajja kho Bhagavā bhikkhu āmantesi: “tasmāt iha bhikkhave ye te mayā dhammā abhiññā desitā,|| te vo sādhukaṃ uggahetvā āsevitabbā bhāvetabbā bahulī-kātabbā yatha-yidaṃ [120] Brahma-cariyaṃ addhaniyaṃ assa cira-ṭ-ṭhitikaṃ.|| ||

Tadassa bahu-jana-hitāya bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānaṃ katame ca te bhikkhave dhammā mayā abhiññā3 desitā,|| ye vo4 sādhukaṃ uggahetvā āsevitabbā bhāvetabbā bahulī-kātabbā yatha-yidaṃ Brahma-cariyaṃ addhaniyaṃ assa cira-ṭ-ṭhitikaṃ.|| ||

Tadassa bahu-jana-hitāya bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānaṃ.|| ||

Seyyath’īdaṃ,|| cattāro sati-paṭṭhānā,|| cattāro samma-p-padhānā,|| cattāro iddhi-pādā pañc’indriyāni,|| pañca-balāni.|| ||

Satta bojjh’aṅgā,|| Ariyo Aṭṭhaṅgiko Maggo.|| ||

Ime kho bhikkhave dhammā mayā abhiññā desitā.|| ||

Te vo sādhukaṃ uggahetvā āsevitabbā bahulī-kātabbā yathāyidaṃ Brahma-cariyaṃ addhaniyaṃ assa cira-ṭ-ṭhitikaṃ,|| tadassa bahu-jana-hitāya bahu-jana-sukhāya lok-ā-nukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya deva-manussānanti.”|| ||

81. Atha kho Bhagavā bhikkhu āmantesi: “bhanda’dāni bhikkhave āmantayāmi vo.|| ||

Vaya-dhammā saṅkhārā.|| ||

Appamādena sampādetha.|| ||

Naciraṃ Tathāgatassa pari-Nibbānaṃ bhavissati.|| ||

Ito tiṇṇaṃ māsānaṃ accayena Tathāgato parinibbāyissatī” ti.|| ||

Idam avoca Bhagavā.|| ||

Idaṃ vatvā Sugato athāparaṃ etad avoca Satthā;|| ||

Paripakko vayo mayhaṃ parittaṃ mama jīvitaṃ|| ||

Pahāya vo gamissāmi katamme saraṇamattano.|| ||

Appamattā satimanto susīlā hotha bhikkhavo,|| *|| ||

Susamāhita-saṅkappā sacittamanurakkhatha.|| ||

[121] yo imasmiṃ Dhamma-Vinaye appamatto vihassati,|| ||

Pahāya jāti-saṃsāraṃ dukkhassantaṃ karissatī” ti.|| ||

Tatiyabhāṇavāro.|| ||

1. Ito paraṃ syāmapotthake ayaṃ adhito pāṭho pi dissate;|| ||

“Daharā pi ca ye vuḍḍhā ye bālā ye ca paṇḍitā|| ||

Aḍḍhā c’eva daḷiddā ca sabbe maccuparāyaṇā|| ||

Yathā pi kumbhakārassa kataṃ mattikabhājataṃ|| ||

Khuddakaṃ ca mahantaṃ vayañ ca pakkañcaāmakaṃ|| ||

Sabbaṃ bhedanapariyan taṃ evaṃ maccāna jīvitaṃ|| ||

Athāparaṃ etad avoca” Satthā|| ||

2. Viharissati syā,|| vihessati sīmu.|| ||

Saddanītiyaṃ – “viharassa ha – vipubbassa hara dhātussa ‘ha’ iccādeso hoti vā sasatimbhi vibhattiyaṃ – appamatto vihassati”|| ||

(Cattāro ariya-Dhammā)|| ||

82. [122] atha kho Bhagavā pubbaṇha-samayaṃ nivāsetvā patta-cīvaraṃ ādāya Vesāliṃ piṇḍāya pāvisi.|| ||

Vesāliyaṃ caritvā pacchā-bhattaṃ piṇḍa-pāta-paṭikkanto nāgāpalokitaṃ Vesāliṃ apaloketvā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi: idaṃ pacchimakaṃ Ānanda Tathāgatassa Vesāliyā dassanaṃ bhavissati.|| ||

Āyām Ānanda yena bhaṇḍagāmo ten’upasaṅkamissāmā’ ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paccassosi.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā mahatā bhikkhu-saṅghena saddhiṃ yena bhaṇḍagāmo tad avasari.|| ||

Tatra sudaṃ Bhagavā bhaṇḍagāme viharati.|| ||

Tatra kho Bhagavā bhikkhu āmantesi: “catunnaṃ bhikkhave dhammānaṃ ananubodhā appaṭivedhā evam idaṃ dīgham addhānaṃ sandhāvitaṃ saṃsaritaṃ mamañc’eva tumhākañca.|| ||

Katamesaṃ catunnaṃ? Ariyassa bhikkhave sīlassa ananubodhā appaṭivedhā evam idaṃ dīgham addhānaṃ sandhāvitaṃ saṃsaritaṃ mamañc’eva tumhākañca.|| ||

Ariyassa bhikkhave samādhissa ananubodhā appaṭivedhā evam idaṃ dīgham addhānaṃ sandhāvitaṃ saṃsaritaṃ mamañc’eva tumhākañca – ariyāya bhikkhave paññāya ananubodhā appaṭivedhā evam idaṃ dīgham addhānaṃ sandhāvitaṃ saṃsaritaṃ mamañveva tumhākañca.|| ||

Ariyāya bhikkhave vimuttiyā ananubodhā appaṭivedhā evam idaṃ dīgham addhānaṃ sandhāvitaṃ saṃsaritaṃ mamañc’eva tumhākañca.|| ||

Ta-y-idaṃ,|| bhikkhave,|| ariyaṃ sīlaṃ anu-Buddhaṃ.|| ||

[123] paṭividdhaṃ.|| ||

Ariyo samādhi anu-Buddho paṭividdho.|| ||

Ariyā paññā anu-Buddhā paṭividdhā.|| ||

Ucchinnā bhava-taṇhā khīṇā bhavanetti.|| ||

N’atthi-dāni puna-b-bhavo” ti.|| ||

Idam avoca Bhagavā idaṃ vatvā Sugato athāparaṃ etad avoca Satthā:|| ||

“Sīlaṃ samādhi paññā ca vimutti ca anuttarā|| ||

Anu-Buddhā ime dhammā Gotamena yasassinā,|| ||

Iti Buddho abhiññāya dhammamakkhāsi bhikkhūnaṃ|| ||

Dukkhassantakaro Satthā cakkhumā parinibbuto” ti.|| ||

Tatrāpi sudaṃ Bhagavā bhaṇḍagāme viharanto etad eva bahulaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ dhammiṃ kathaṃ karoti: “Iti sīlaṃ,|| iti samādhi,|| iti paññā.|| ||

Sīla-paribhāvito samādhi maha-p-phalo hoti mahā-nisaṃso.|| ||

Samādhi-paribhāvitā paññā maha-p-phalā hoti mahā-nisaṃsā.|| ||

Paññā-paribhāvitaṃ cittaṃ samma-d-eva āsavehi vimuccati seyyath’īdaṃ kām’āsavā bhav’āsavā avijj-ā-savā’ ti.|| ||

(Cattāro mahā’padesā)|| ||

83. Atha kho Bhagavā bhaṇḍagāme yath-ā-bhirattaṃ viharitvā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi: āyām Ānanda yena hatthigāmo,|| yena ambagāmo,|| yena jambugāmo.|| ||

Yena bhoganagaraṃ ten’upasaṅkamissāmā” ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paccassosi.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā mahatā bhikkhu-saṅghena saddhiṃ yena bhoganagaraṃ tad avasari.|| ||

Tatrasudaṃ Bhagavā bhoganagare viharati Ānande cetiye.|| ||

Tatra kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi: “cattāro’ me bhikkhave mahā’padese desissāmi.|| ||

Taṃ suṇātha sādhukaṃ manasi karotha,|| bhāsissāmī” ti.|| ||

[124] “Evam bhante” ti kho te bhikkhū Bhagavato paccassosuṃ.|| ||

Bhagavā etad avoca:|| ||

Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhū evaṃ vadeyya:|| ||

“Sammukhā me taṃ āvuso Bhagavato sutaṃ,|| sammukhā paṭiggahitaṃ,|| ayaṃ dhammo ayaṃ vinayo idaṃ Satth-usāsananti” tassa bhikkhave bhikkhuno bhāsitaṃ n’eva abhinanditabbaṃ na paṭikkositabbaṃ.|| ||

Anabhinan’ditvā a-p-paṭikkositvā tāni pada-vyañ janāni sādhunaṃ uggahetvā sutte otāretabbāni1 vinaye sandassetabbāni.|| ||

Tāni ce sutte otāriyamānāni vinaye sandassiyamānāni na c’eva sutte otaranti na ca vinaye sandissanti,|| niṭṭhamettha gantabbaṃ: addhā idaṃ na c’eva tassa Bhagavato vacanaṃ.|| ||

Imassa ca bhikkhuno duggahitanti.|| ||

Iti h’etaṃ bhikkhave chaḍḍeyyātha.|| ||

Tāni ce sutte otāriyamānāni vinaye sandassiyamānāni sutte c’eva otaranti vinaye ca sandissanti,|| niṭṭhamettha gantabbaṃ: ‘addhā idaṃ tassa Bhagavato vacanaṃ.|| ||

Imassa ca bhikkhuno suggahitan’ ti.|| ||

Imaṃ bhikkhave paṭhamaṃ mahā’padesaṃ dhāreyyātha. (1)|| ||

Idha pana bhikkhave bhikkhu evaṃ vadeyya: amukasmiṃ nāma āvāse saṅgho viharati sathero sapāmokkho.|| ||

Tassa me Saṅghassa sammukhā sutaṃ sammukhā paṭiggahitaṃ ‘ayaṃ dhammo ayaṃ vinayo idaṃ Satth-usāsana’nti tassa bhikkhave bhikkhuno bhāsitaṃ n’eva abhinanditabbaṃ na-p-paṭikkositabbaṃ.|| ||

Anabhinan’ditvā a-p-paṭikkositvā tāni pada-vyañ janāni sādhukaṃ uggahetvā sutte otāretabbāni vinaye sandassetabbāni tāni ce sutte otāriyamānāni vinaye sandassiyamānāni na c’eva sutte otaranti na ca vinaye sandissanti,|| niṭṭhamettha gantabbaṃ: ‘addhā idaṃ na c’eva tassa Bhagavato vacanaṃ,|| tassa ca Saṅghassa duggahitan’ ti.|| ||

Iti h’etaṃ bhikkhave chaḍḍeyyātha.|| ||

Tāni ce sutte otāriyamānāni vinaye sandassiyamānāni sutte c’eva otaranti vinaye ca sandissanti,|| niṭṭhamettha gantabbaṃ: [125] addhā idaṃ tassa Bhagavato vacanaṃ,|| tassa ca Saṅghassa suggahitan’ ti.|| ||

Idaṃ,|| bhikkhave,|| dutiyaṃ mahā’padesaṃ dhāreyyātha.|| ||

(2) Idha pana bhikkhave bhikkhu evaṃ vadeya: amukasmiṃ nāma āvāse sambahulā therā bhikkhu viharanti bahu-s-sutā āgatāgamā dhamma-dharā vinaya-dharā mātikā-dharā.|| ||

Tesaṃ me therānaṃ sammukhā sutaṃ sammukhā paṭiggahitaṃ|| ‘ayaṃ Dhammo|| ayaṃ vinayo|| idaṃ Satth-usāsanan’ ti.|| ||

Tassa bhikkhave bhikkhuno bhāsitaṃ n’eva abhinanditabbaṃ na-p-paṭikkositabbaṃ.|| ||

Anabhinan’ditvā a-p-paṭikkositvā tāni pada-vyañ janāni sādhukaṃ uggahetvā sutte otāretabbāni vinaye sandassetabbāni.|| ||

Tāni ce sutte otāriyamānāni vinaye sandassiyamānāni na c’eva sutte otaranti na ca vinaye sandissanti,|| niṭṭhamettha gantabbaṃ: “addhā idaṃ na c’eva tassa Bhagavato vacanaṃ,|| tesañ ca therānaṃ duggahitan’ ti.|| ||

Iti h’etaṃ bhikkhave chaḍḍeyyātha tāni ce sutte otārīyamānāni vinaye sandassiyamānāni sutte c’eva otaranti vinaye ca sandissanti,|| niṭṭhamettha gantabbaṃ: ‘addhā idaṃ tassa Bhagavato vacanaṃ,|| tesañ ca therānaṃ suggahitan’ ti.|| ||

Idaṃ,|| bhikkhave,|| tatiyaṃ mahā’padesaṃ dhāreyyātha.|| ||

(3)Idha pana bhikkhave bhikkhu evaṃ vadeyya: ‘amukasmiṃ nāma āvāse eko thero bhikkhu viharati bahu-s-suto āgatāgamo dhamma-dharo vinaya-dharo mātikādharo.|| ||

Tassa me Therassa sammukhā sutaṃ sammukhā paṭiggahitaṃ ‘ayaṃ dhammo ayaṃ vinayo idaṃ Satth-usāsanan’ ti.|| ||

Tassa bhikkhave bhikkhuno bhāsitaṃ n’eva abhinanditabbaṃ na-p-paṭikkositabbaṃ.|| ||

Anabhinan’ditvā a-p-paṭikkositvā tāni pada-vyañ janāni sādhukaṃ uggahetvā sutte otāretabbāni.|| ||

Vinaye sandassetabbāni.|| ||

Tāni ce sutte otārīyamānāni vinaye sandassīyamānāni na c’eva sutte otaranti na ca vinaye sandissanti,|| niṭṭhamettha gantabbaṃ: ‘addhā idaṃ na c’eva tassa Bhagavato vacanaṃ,|| tassa ca Therassa duggahitan’ ti.|| ||

Iti h’etaṃ bhikkhave chaḍḍeyyātha.|| ||

Tāni ce sutte otārīyamānāni vinaye sandassīyamānāni sutte c’eva otaranti vinaye ca sandissanti,|| niṭṭhamettha gantabbaṃ: [126] addhā idaṃ tassa Bhagavato vacanaṃ,|| tassa ca Therassa suggahitan’ ti.|| ||

Idaṃ,|| bhikkhave,|| catutthaṃ mahā’padesaṃ dhāreyyātha.|| ||

(4) Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro mahā’padese dhāreyyāthā” ti.|| ||

Tatra pi sudaṃ Bhagavā bhoganagare viharanto Ānande cetiye etad eva bahulaṃ bhikkhunaṃ dhammiṃ kathaṃ karoti: ‘Iti sīlaṃ,|| iti samādhi,|| iti paññā.|| ||

Sīla-paribhāvito samādhi maha-p-phalo hoti mahā-nisaṃso.|| ||

Samādhi-paribhāvitā paññā maha-p-phalā hoti mahā-nisaṃsā.|| ||

Paññā-paribhāvitaṃ cittaṃ samma-d-eva āsavehi vimuccati.|| ||

Seyyath’īdaṃ kām’āsavā bhav’āsavā avijj-ā-savā’ ti.|| ||

(Cunda – kammāraputtakathā)|| ||

84. Atha kho Bhagavā bhoganagare yath-ā-bhirattaṃ viharitvā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi: “āyām Ānanda yena pāvā,|| ten’upasaṅkamissāmā” ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti.kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paccassosi.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā mahatā bhikkhu-saṅghena saddhiṃ yena pāvā tad avasari.|| ||

Tatra sudaṃ Bhagavā Pāvāyaṃ viharati Cundassa kammāraputtassa Ambavane.|| ||

Assosi kho Cundo kammāraputto ‘Bhagavā kira pāvaṃ anuppatto Pāvāyaṃ viharati mayhaṃ Ambavane’ ti.|| ||

Atha kho Cundo kammāraputto yena Bhagavā ten’upasaṅkami upasaṅkamitvā Bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā eka-m-antaṃ nisīdi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ nisinnaṃ kho Cundaṃ kammāraputtaṃ Bhagavā dhammiyā kathāya sandassesi samādapesi samuttejesi sampahaṃsesi.|| ||

Atha kho Cundo kammāraputto Bhagavatā dhammiyā kathāya sanda-s-sito samāda-pito samutte-jito sampahaṃ-sito Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca: ‘adhivāsetu me bhante Bhagavā cātanāya bhattaṃ saddhiṃ bhikkhu saṅghenā’ ti.|| ||

Adhivāsesi Bhagavā tuṇhī-bhāvena.|| ||

Atha kho Cundo kammāraputto Bhagavato adhivāsanaṃ [127] viditvā uṭṭhāy āsanā Bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā padakkhīṇaṃ katvā pakkāmi.|| ||

Atha kho Cundo kammāraputto tassā rattiyā accayena sake nivesane paṇītaṃ khādanīyaṃ bhojanīyaṃ paṭiyādāpetvā pahūtañ ca sūkaramaddavaṃ,|| Bhagavato kālaṃ ārocāpesi: kālo bhante,|| niṭṭhitaṃ bhattanti.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā pubbaṇha-samayaṃ nivāsetvā patta-cīvaraṃ ādāya saddhiṃ bhikkhu-saṅghena yena Cundassa kammāraputtassa nivesanaṃ ten’upasaṅkami upasaṅkamitvā paññatte āsane nisīdi.|| ||

Nisajja kho Bhagavā Cundaṃ kammāraputtaṃ āmantesi: ‘yante Cunda sūkaramaddavaṃ paṭiyattaṃ,|| tena maṃ parivisa.|| ||

Yaṃ panaññaṃ khādanīyaṃ bhojanīyaṃ yaṭiyattaṃ,|| tena bhikkhu-saṅghaṃ parivisā’ ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho Cundo kammāraputto Bhagavato paṭi-s-sutvā yaṃ ahosi sūkaramaddavaṃ paṭiyattaṃ,|| tena Bhagavantaṃ parivisi.|| ||

Yaṃ panaññaṃ khādanīyaṃ bhojanīyaṃ paṭiyattaṃ,|| tena bhikkhu-saṅghaṃ parivisi.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā Cundaṃ kammāraputtaṃ āmantesi: yante Cunda sūkaramaddavaṃ avasiṭṭhaṃ,|| taṃ sobbhe nikhanāhi.|| ||

Nāhaṃ taṃ Cunda passāmi sa-devake loke sa-Mārake,|| sa-brahmake,|| sa-s-samaṇa-brāhmaṇiyā pajāya sadeva-manussāya yassa taṃ paribhuttaṃ sammā pariṇāmaṃ gaccheyya aññatra Tathāgatassā’ ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho Cundo kammāraputto Bhagavato paṭi-s-sutvā,|| yaṃ ahosi sūkaramaddavaṃ avasiṭṭhaṃ taṃ sobbhe nikhaṇitvā,|| yena Bhagavā ten’upasaṅkami: upasaṅkamitvā Bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā eka-m-antaṃ nisīdi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ nisinnaṃ kho Cundaṃ kammāraputtaṃ Bhagavā dhammiyā kathāya sanda-s-setvā samāda-petvā samutte-chetvā sampahaṃ-setvā uṭṭhāy āsanā pakkāmi.|| ||

(Lohitapakkhandikā ābādho)|| ||

85. Atha kho Bhagavato Cundasasa kammāraputtassa bhattaṃ bhuttāvissa kharo ābādho uppajji lohitapakkhandikā.|| ||

Pabāḷhā vedanā vattanti māraṇantikā.|| ||

Tā [128] sudaṃ Bhagavā sato sampajāno adhivāsesi avihañña-māno.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi: “āyām Ānanda yena kusinārā ten’upasaṅkamissāmā” ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paccassosi.|| ||

“Cundassa bhattaṃ bhuñjitvā kamMārassāti me sutaṃ,|| ||

Ābādhaṃ samphusī dhīro pabāḷhaṃ māraṇantikaṃ.|| ||

Bhuttassa ca sūkaramaddavena|| ||

Byādhippabā’ho udapādi Satthuno|| ||

Viriñcamāno Bhagavā avoca|| ||

Gacchāmahaṃ kusināraṃ nagaranti.”|| ||

(Ānandena pānīyāharaṇaṃ)|| ||

86. Atha kho Bhagavā maggā okkamma yena aññataraṃ rukkha-mūlaṃ ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi: “iṅgha me tvaṃ Ānanda catugguṇaṃ saṅghāṭi paññapehi.|| ||

Kilanto’smi Ānanda,|| nisīdissāmī” ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paṭi-s-sutvā catugguṇaṃ saṅghāṭiṃ paññapesi.|| ||

Nisīdi Bhagavā paññatte āsane.|| ||

Nisajja kho Bhagavā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi: “iṅgha me tvaṃ Ānanda pānīyaṃ āhara,|| pipāsito’mhi Ānanda pivissāmī’ti evaṃ vutte āyasmā Ānando Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca: “idāni bhante pañca-mattāni sakaṭasatāni atikkantāni.|| ||

Taṃ cakkacchinnaṃ udakaṃ parittaṃ lu’itaṃ āvilaṃ sandati.|| ||

Ayaṃ bhante kakutthā nadī avidūre acchodakā3 [129] sātodakā sītodakā setakā4 supatitthā ramaṇīyā.|| ||

Ettha Bhagavā pānīyañ ca pivissati,|| gattāni ca sītikarissatīti”.|| ||

dutiyam pi kho Bhagavā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi: ‘iṅgha me tvaṃ Ānanda pānīyaṃ āhara,|| pipāsito’smi Ānanda pivissāmī’ti dutiyam pi kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca: “idāni bhante pañca-mattāni sakaṭasatāni atikkantāni.|| ||

Taṃ cakkacchinnaṃ udakaṃ parittaṃ lu’itaṃ āvilaṃ sandati.|| ||

Ayaṃ bhante kakutthā nadī avidūre acchodakā sātodakā sītodakā setakā4 suppatitthā ramaṇīyā.|| ||

Ettha Bhagavā pānīyañ ca pivissati,|| gattāni ca sītikarissatī” ti.|| ||

Tatiyam pi kho Bhagavā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi: ‘iṅgha me tvaṃ Ānanda pānīyaṃ āhara,|| pipāsito’smi Ānanda pivissāmī” ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paṭi-s-sutvā pattaṃ gahetvā yena sā nadikā ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Atha kho sā nadikā cakkacchinnā parittā lu’itā āvilā sandamānā āyasmante Ānande upasaṅkamante acchā vippasantā anāvilā sandittha.|| ||

Atha kho āyasmate,|| Ānandassa etad ahosi: ‘acchariyaṃ vata bho,|| abbhutaṃ vata bho,|| Tathāgatassa mahiddhi-katā mah-ā-nubhāvatā.|| ||

Ayaṃ hi sā nadikā cakkacchinnā parittā lu’itā āvilā sandamānā mayi upasaṅkamante acchā vi-p-pasannā anāvilā sandatī” ti.|| ||

Pattena pānīyaṃ ādāya yena Bhagavā ten’upasaṅkami,|| upasaṅkamitvā Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca:|| ||

“Acchariyaṃ bhante,|| abbhutaṃ bhante,|| Tathāgatassa mahiddhi-katā mah-ā-nubhāvatā.|| ||

Idāni sā bhante nadikā cakkacchinnā parittā lu’itā āvilā sandamānā mayi upasaṅkamante acchā vi-p-pasannā anāvilā sandittha.|| ||

Pivatu Bhagavā pānīyaṃ,|| pivatu Sugato pānīyanti”.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā pānīyaṃ apāsi.|| ||

(Pukkusamallaputtakathā)|| ||

87. [130] Tena kho pana samayena pukkuso mallaputto ā’ārassa kālāmassa sāvako kusinārāya pāvaṃ addhāna-magga-paṭipanno hoti.|| ||

Addasā kho pukkuso mallaputto Bhagavantaṃ aññatarasmiṃ rukkha-mūle nisinnaṃ.|| ||

Disvā yena Bhagavā ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā Bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā eka-m-antaṃ nisīdiṃ.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ nisinno kho pukkuso mallaputto Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca: “acchariyaṃ bhante,|| abbhutaṃ bhante,|| santena vata bhante pabba-jitā vihārena viharanti.|| ||

Bhūta-pubbaṃ bhante,|| ā’āro kālāmo addhāna-magga-paṭipanno maggā okkamma avidūre aññatarasmiṃ rukkha-mūle divā-vihāraṃ nisīdi.|| ||

Atha kho bhante pañca-mattāni sakaṭasatāni ā’āraṃ kālāmaṃ nissāya nissāya ati-k-kamiṃsu.|| ||

Atha kho bhante aññataro puriso tassa sakaṭasatthassa piṭṭhito piṭṭhito āga-c-chanto yena ā’āro kālāmo ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā ā’āraṃ kālāmaṃ etad avoca: “api bhante pañca-mattāni sakaṭasatāni ati-k-kamantāni addasā?’Ti ‘na kho ahaṃ āvuso addasanti.|| ||

‘ ‘Kim pana bhante saddaṃ assosi?’Ti.|| ||

‘Na kho ahaṃ āvuso saddaṃ assosin’ ti.|| ||

‘Kim pana bhante sutto ahosī’ ti?|| ||

Na kho ahaṃ āvuso sutto ahosi’nti ‘kimpana bhante saññī ahosī ?’Ti ‘evamāvuso’ ti.|| ||

‘So tvaṃ bhante saññī samāno jāgaro mañcamattāni sakaṭasatāni nissāya nissāya ati-k-kamantāni n’eva addasa na pana saddaṃ assosi apissu te bhante saṅghāṭi rajena okiṇṇā” ti?|| ||

‘Evam āvuso’ ti.|| ||

Atha kho bhante tassa purisassa etad ahosi: acchariyaṃ vata bho,|| abbhutaṃ vata bho,|| santena vata bho pabba-jitā vihārena viharanti,|| yatra hi nāma saññī [131] samāno jāgaro pañca-mattāni sakaṭasatāni nissāya nissāya ati-k-kamantāni n’eva dakkhiti,|| na pana saddaṃ sossatī’ti ā’āre kālāme uḷāraṃ pasādaṃ paveditvā pakkāmī” ti.|| ||

Taṃ kim maññasi pukkusa,|| katamannu kho dukkarataraṃ vā du-r-abhisambhavataraṃ vā yo saññī samāno jāgaro pañca-mattāni sakaṭasatāni nissāya nissāya ati-k-kamantāni n’eva passeyya,|| na pana saddaṃ suṇeyya,|| yo vā saññī samāno jāgaro deve vassante deve gala-galāyante vijjutāsu1 niccharantisu asaṇiyā phalantiyā n’eva passeyya na pana saddaṃ suṇeyyā” ti?|| ||

“Kiñhi bhante karissanti pañca vā sakaṭasatāni cha vā sakaṭasatāni satta vā sataṭasatāni aṭṭha vā sakaṭasatāni nava vā sakaṭasatāni sakaṭasahassaṃ vā sakaṭasata-sahassaṃ vā.|| ||

Atha kho etad eva dukkarataraṃ c’eva du-r-abhisambhavatarañca yo saññī samāno jāgaro deve vassante deve gala-galāyante vijjutāsu niccharantīsu asaṇiyā phalantiyā n’eva passeyya na pana saddaṃ suṇeyyā” ti.|| ||

Ekam idāhaṃ pukkusa samayaṃ ātumāyaṃ viharāmi bhūsāgāre.|| ||

Tena kho pana samayena deve vassante deve gala-galāyante vijjutāsu niccharantīsu asaṇiyā phalantiyā avidūre.|| ||

Bhūsāgārassa dve kassakā bhātaro hatā cattāro ca balivaddā.|| ||

Atha kho pukkusa ātumāya mahā-jana-kāyo ni-k-khamitvā yena te dve kassakā bhātaro hatā cattārā ca balivaddā,|| ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Tena kho panāhaṃ pukkusa samayena bhusāgārā ni-k-khamitvā bhusāgāradvāre abbhokāse caṅkamāmi.|| ||

Atha kho pukkusa aññataro puriso tamhā mahā-jana-kāyā yenāhaṃ ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā maṃ abhivādetvā eka-m-antaṃ aṭṭhāsi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ ṭhitaṃ kho ahaṃ pukkusa taṃ purisaṃ etad avocaṃ ‘kin nu kho so āvuso mahā-jana-kāyo sanni-patito” ti?|| ||

[132] idāni bhante deve vassante deve gala-galāyante vijjutāsu niccharantīsu asaṇiyā phalantiyā dve kassakā bhātaro hatā cattāro ca balivaddā.|| ||

Ettheso mahā-jana-kāyo sanni-patito.|| ||

Tvampana bhante kuhiṃ ahosī” ti?|| ||

‘Idh’eva kho ahaṃ āvuso ahosin’ ti.|| ||

‘Kim pana bhante na addasā” ti?|| ||

‘Na kho ahaṃ āvuso addasan’ ti.|| ||

‘Kim pana bhante saddaṃ assosī’ ti?|| ||

‘Na kho ahaṃ āvuso saddaṃ assosin’ ti.|| ||

‘Kim pana bhante sutto ahosī” ti?|| ||

‘Na kho ahaṃ āvuso sutto ahosin’ ti.|| ||

‘Kim pana bhante saññī ahosī” ti?|| ||

‘Evam āvuso’ ti.|| ||

‘So tvaṃ bhante saññī samāno jāgaro deve vassante deve gala-galāyante vijjutāsu niccharantīsu asaṇiyā phalantiyā n’eva addasa,|| na pana saddaṃ assosī’ ti?|| ||

‘Evam āvuso’ ti.|| ||

Atha kho pukkusa,|| tassa purisassa etad ahosi.|| ||

‘Acchariyaṃ vata bho abbhutaṃ vata bho,|| santena vata bho pabba-jitā vihārena viharanti.|| ||

Yatra hi nāma saññī samāno jāgaro deve vassante deve gala-galāyante vijjutāsu niccharantīsu asaṇiyā phalantiyā n’eva dakkhīti na pana saddaṃ sossatī’ti mayi uḷāraṃ pasādaṃ pavedetvā maṃ abhivādetvā padakkhiṇaṃ katvā pakkāmī” ti.|| ||

Evaṃ vutte pukkuso mallaputto Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca: ‘es’āhaṃ bhante yo me ā’āre kālame pasādo,|| taṃ mahāvāte vā opunāmi,|| sīgha-sotāya vā nadiyā pavāhemi.|| ||

Abhikkantaṃ bhante,|| abhikkantaṃ bhante.|| ||

Seyyathā pi bhante nikkujjitaṃ vā ukkujjeyya,|| paṭi-c-channaṃ vā vivareyya,|| mūḷhassa vā Maggaṃ ācikkheyya,|| andha-kāre vā tela-pajjotaṃ dhāreyya cakkhu-manto rūpāni dakkhantīti,|| evam eva Bhagavatā aneka-pariyāyena dhammo pakāsito.|| ||

Es’āhaṃ bhante Bhagavantaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi [133] Dhammañ ca bhikkhu-saṅghañ ca.|| ||

Upāsakaṃ maṃ Bhagavā dhāretu ajja-t-agge pāṇupetaṃ saraṇaṃ gatanti.|| ||

Atha kho pukkuso mallaputto aññataraṃ purisaṃ āmantesi.|| ||

‘Iṅgha me tvaṃ bhaṇe siṅgivaṇṇaṃ yugaṃ maṭṭhaṃ dhāraṇiyaṃ āhāra’ ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti so puriso pukkusassa mallaputtassa paṭi-s-sutvā taṃ siṅgīvaṇṇaṃ yugaṃ maṭṭhaṃ dhāraṇiyaṃ āhari.|| ||

Atha kho pukkuso mallaputto taṃ siṅgivaṇṇaṃ yugaṃ maṭṭhaṃ dhāraṇīyaṃ Bhagavato upanāmesi ‘idambhante siṅgivaṇṇaṃ yugaṃ maṭṭhaṃ dhāraṇīyaṃ.|| ||

Tamme bhante Bhagavā patigaṇhātu anukampaṃ upādāyā’ ti.|| ||

‘Tena hi pukkusa ekena maṃ acchādehi ekena Ānandan’ ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho pukkuso mallaputto Bhagavato paṭi-s-sutvā ekena Bhagavantaṃ acchādesi ekena āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā pukkusaṃ mallaputtaṃ dhammiyā kathāya sandassesi,|| samādapesi,|| samuttejesi,|| sampahaṃsesi.|| ||

Atha kho pukkuso mallaputto Bhagavatā dhammiyā kathāya sanda-s-sito samāda-pito samutte-jito sampahaṃ-sito uṭṭhāy āsanā Bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā padakkhiṇaṃ katvā pakkāmi.|| ||

88. Atha kho āyasmā Ānando acira-pakkante pukkuse mallaputte taṃ siṅgivaṇṇaṃ yugaṃ maṭṭhaṃ dhāraṇīyaṃ Bhagavato kāyaṃ upanāmesi taṃ Bhagavato kāyaṃ upanāmitaṃ vītaccikaṃ viya khāyati.|| ||

Atha kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca: ‘acchariyambhante,|| abbhutambhante,|| yāva-parisuddho bhante Tathāgatassa chavivaṇṇo pariyodāto.|| ||

Idambhante siṅgivaṇṇaṃ yugaṃ maṭṭhaṃ dhāraṇīyaṃ Bhagavato [134] upanāmitaṃ vītaccikaṃ ciya khāyatī’ ti.|| ||

“Evam etaṃ Ānanda,|| dvīsu kho Ānanda kālesu ativiya Tathāgatassa kāyo parisuddho hoti chavivaṇṇo pariyodāto.|| ||

Katamesu dvīsu? Yañ ca Ānanda rattiṃ Tathāgato anuttaraṃ sammā-sambodhiṃ abhisambujjhati,|| yañ ca rattiṃ Tathāgato anupādisesāya Nibbānadhātuyā parinibkhāyati imesu kho Ānanda dvīsu kālesu ativiya Tathāgatassa kāyo parisuddho hoti chavivaṇṇo pariyodāto.|| ||

Ajja kho pan’Ānanda rattiyā pacchime yāme kusinārāyaṃ upavattane mallānaṃ sālavane antarena yamakasālānaṃ Tathāgatassa pari-Nibbānaṃ bhavissati.|| ||

Āyām Ānanda yena kakutthā nadī ten’upasaṅkamissāmā” ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti.kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paccassosi.|| ||

“Siṅgivaṇṇaṃ yugaṃ maṭṭhaṃ pukkuso abhihārayi,|| ||

Tena acchādito Satthā hemavaṇṇo asobhathā” ti.|| ||

(Ambavanūpagamanaṃ)|| ||

89. Atha kho Bhagavā mahatā bhikkhu-saṅghena saddhiṃ yena kakutthā nadī ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā kakutthaṃ nadiṃ ajjhogāhetvā nahātvā ca pivitvā ca pacc’uttaritvā yena ambavanaṃ ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā āyasmantaṃ Cundakaṃ āmantesi.|| ||

‘Iṅgha me Cundaka catugguṇaṃ saṅghāṭiṃ paññāpehi.|| ||

Kilanto’smi Cundaka nipajjissāmī’ ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho āyasmā Cundako Bhagavato paṭi-s-sutvā catugguṇaṃ saṅghāṭiṃ paññāpesi.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā dakkhiṇena passena sīhaseyyaṃ kappesi pāde pādaṃ accādhāya sato sampajāno uṭṭhāna-saññaṃ [135] mana-sikaritvā.|| ||

Āyasmā pana Cundako tatth’eva Bhagavato purato nisīdi.|| ||

“Ganatvāna Buddho nadiyaṃ kakutthaṃ acchodakaṃ sātodakaṃ vi-p-pasannaṃ,|| ||

Ogāhi Satthā sukilantarūpo Tathāgato appaṭimo’dha loke.|| ||

Nahātvā ca pītvā cudatāri Satthā purakkhato bhikkhugaṇassa majjhe.|| ||

Satthā pavattā Bhagavā’dha dhamme upāgamī ambavanaṃ mahesī.|| ||

Āmantayī vundakaṃ nāma bhikkhuṃ catugguṇaṃ patthara me nipacchaṃ|| ||

So vodito bhāvitattena vundo catugguṇaṃ patthari khippameva|| ||

Nipajji Satthā sukilantarūpo Cundo pi tattha pamukhe nisīdī” ti.|| ||

(Dve piṇḍa-pātā samaphalā)|| ||

90. Atha kho Bhagavā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi.|| ||

“Siyā kho pan’Ānanda Cundassa kammāraputtassa koci vippaṭisāraṃ upadaheyya” ‘tassa te āvuso Cunda,|| alābhā,|| tassa te dulladdhaṃ,|| yassa te Tathāgato pacchimaṃ piṇḍa-pātaṃ bhuñjitvā parinibbuto’ ti.|| ||

CundassĀnanda kammāraputtassa evaṃ vippaṭisāro vinetabbo.|| ||

Tassa te āvuso lābhā,|| tassa te su-laddhaṃ,|| yassa te Tathāgato pacchimaṃ piṇḍa-pātaṃ bhuñjitvā parinibbuto.|| ||

Sammukhā me taṃ āvuso Cunda Bhagavato sutaṃ sammukhā paṭiggahītaṃ ‘dve’ me piṇḍa-pātā samaphalā [136] samavipākā ativiya aññehi piṇḍa-pātehi maha-p-phalatarā ca mahā-nisaṃsatarā ca.|| ||

Katame dve? Yañ ca piṇḍa-pātaṃ bhuñjitvā Tathāgato anuttaraṃ sammā-sambodhiṃ abhisambujjhati,|| yañ ca piṇḍa-pātaṃ bhuñjitvā Tathāgato anupādisesāya Nibbānadhātuyaṃ parinibkhāyati,|| ime dve piṇḍa-pātā samaphalā samavipākā ativiya aññehi piṇḍa-pātehi maha-p-phalatarā ca mahā-nisaṃsatarā ca.|| ||

Āyusaṃvaṭṭa-nikaṃ pan’āyasmatā cundena kammāraputtena kammaṃ upacitaṃ sukha-saṃvaṭṭa-nikaṃ pan’āyasmatā cundena kammāraputtena kammaṃ upacitaṃ.|| ||

Vaṇṇasaṃvaṭṭa-nikaṃ pan’āyasmatā cundena kammāraputtena kammaṃ upacitaṃ.|| ||

Yasasaṃvaṭṭa-nikaṃ pan’āyasmatā cundena kammāraputtena kammaṃ upacitaṃ.|| ||

Ādhipateyyasaṃvaṭṭa-nikaṃ pan’āyasmatā cundena kammāraputtena kammaṃ upacitan’ ti.|| ||

Cundassa Ānanda kammāraputtassa evaṃ vippaṭisāro paṭivinetabbo” ti.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā etam atthaṃ viditvā tāyaṃ velāyaṃ imaṃ udānaṃ udānesi:|| ||

“Dadato puññaṃ pavaḍḍhati saññamato veraṃ na vīyati,|| ||

Kusalo ca jahāti pāpakaṃ rāgadosamoha-k-khayā sa nibbuto’ ti.|| ||

A’ārāvedallabhāṇavāro catuttho.|| ||

(Kusinārā gamanaṃ)|| ||

[137] 91. Atha kho Bhagavā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi āyām Ānanda yena hiraññavatiyā nadiyā pārimaṃ tīraṃ,|| yena kusinārā,|| yena upavattanaṃ mallānaṃ sāla-vanaṃ,|| ten’upasaṅkamissāmā’ ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paccassosi.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā mahatā bhikkhu-saṅghena saddhiṃ yena hiraññavatiyā nadiyā pārimaṃ tīraṃ,|| yena kusinārā,|| yena upavattanaṃ mallānaṃ sāla-vanaṃ,|| ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi.|| ||

“Iṅgha me tvaṃ Ānanda antarena yamakasālānaṃ uttarasīsakaṃ mañcakaṃ paññāpehi.|| ||

Kilanto’smi Ānanda nipajjissāmī’ ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paṭi-s-sutvā antarena yamakasālānaṃ uttarasīsakaṃ mañcakaṃ paññāpesi.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā dakkhiṇena passena sīhaseyyaṃ kappesi pāde pādaṃ accādhāya sato sampajāno.|| ||

92. Tena kho pana samayena yamakasālā sabbaphāliphullā honti akālapupphehi.|| ||

Te Tathāgatassa sarīraṃ okiranti ajjhokiranti abhippakiranti Tathāgatassa pūjāya.|| ||

Dibbāni pi mandāravapupphāni anta’ikkhā papatanti,|| yāni Tathāgatassa sarīraṃ okiranti ajjhokiranti abhippakiranti Tathāgatassa pūjāya dibbāni pi candanacuṇṇāni anta’ikkhā papatanti.|| ||

Tāni Tathāgatassa sarīraṃ [138] okiranti ajjhokiranti abhippakiranti Tathāgatassa pūjāya.|| ||

Dibbāni pi turiyāni anta’ikkhe vajjanti.|| ||

Tathāgatassa pūjāya.Dibbāni pi saṅgītāni anta’ikkhe vattanti Tathāgatassa pūjāya.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi: sabbaphāliphullā kho Ānanda yamakasālā akālapupphehi te Tathāgatassa sarīraṃ okiranti ajjhokiranti abhippakiranti Tathāgatassa pūjāya.|| ||

Dibbānipi mandāravapupphāni anta’ikkhā papatanti,|| tāni Tathāgatassa sarīraṃ okiranti ajjhokiranti abhippakiranti Tathāgatsa pūjāya.|| ||

Dibbāni pi candanacuṇṇāni anta’ikkhā papatanti,|| tāni Tathāgatassa sarīraṃ okiranti ajjhokiranti abhippakiranti Tathāgatassa pūjāya.|| ||

Dibbāni pi turiyāni anta’ikkhe vajjanti Tathāgatassa pūjāya.|| ||

Dibbānipi saṅgitāni anta’ikkhe vattanti Tathāgatassa pūjāya.|| ||

Na kho Ānanda ettāvatā Tathāgato sakkato vā hoti garukato vā mānito vā pūjito vā apacito vā,|| yo kho Ānanda bhikkhu vā bhikkhunī vā upāsako vā upāsikā vā Dhamm-ā-nu-Dhamma-paṭipanno viharati sāmīci-paṭipanno anuDhamma-cārī,|| so Tathāgataṃ sakkaroti garukaroti māneti pūjeti apaciyati paramāya pūjāya.|| ||

Tasmā ‘ti h’Ānanda Dhamm-ā-nu-Dhamma-paṭipannā viharissāma sāmīci-paṭipannā anu-Dhammacārino ti,|| evaṃ hi vo Ānanda sikkhitabban ti.|| ||

Upavāṇa thero|| ||

93. Tena kho pana samayen’āyasmā upavāṇo Bhagavato purato ṭhito hoti Bhagavantaṃ vījamāno.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā āyasmantaṃ upavāṇaṃ apasādesi: ‘apehi bhikkhu.|| ||

Mā me purato aṭṭhāsī’ ti.|| ||

Atha kho āyasmato Ānandassa etad ahosi: ‘ayaṃ kho [139] āyasmā upavāṇo dīgha-rattaṃ Bhagavato upaṭṭhāko santikāvacaro samīpacārī.|| ||

Atha ca pana Bhagavā pacchime kāle āyasmantaṃ upavāṇaṃ apasādesi: apehi bhikkhu,|| mā me purato aṭṭhāsī” ti.|| ||

Ko nu kho hetu ko paccayo yaṃ Bhagavā āyasmantaṃ upavāṇaṃ apasāresi.|| ||

Apehi bhikkhu mā me purato aṭhāsī’ ti.|| ||

Atha kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca: ayaṃ bhante āyasmā upavāṇo dīgha-rattaṃ Bhagavato upaṭṭhāko santikāvacaro samīpacārī,|| atha ca pana Bhagavā pacchime kāle āyasmantaṃ upavāṇaṃ apasādeti: apehi bhikkhu,|| mā me purato aṭṭhāsī” ti.|| ||

Ko nu kho bhante hetu ko paccayo yaṃ Bhagavā āyasmantaṃ upavāṇaṃ apasādeti apehi bhikkhu mā me purato aṭṭhāsī’ ti?|| ||

Yebhuyyena Ānanda dasasu sahassīsu loka-dhātusu devatā sanni-patitā Tathāgataṃ dassanāya,|| yāvatā Ānanda kusinārā upavattanaṃ mallānaṃ sāla-vanaṃ samannato dvādasa-yojanāni n’atthi so padeso Vāḷagga koṭinittudana mattopi mahesakkhāhi devatāhi apthuṭo.|| ||

Devatā Ānanda ujjhāyanti dūrā ca vata mahā āgatā Tathāgataṃ dassanāya.|| ||

Kadāci karahaci Tathāgatā loke uppajjanti Arahanto Sammā-Sambuddhā ajjeva rattiyā pacchime yāme Tathāgatassa pari-Nibbānaṃ bhavissati,|| ayañ ca mahesakkho bhikkhu Bhagavato purato ṭhito ovārento,|| na mayaṃ labhāma pacchime kāle Tathāgataṃ dassanāyā’ ti.|| ||

94. Kathaṃ bhūtā pana bhante Bhagavā devatā manasi karotī’ ti.|| ||

“SantĀnanda devatā ākāse paṭhavisaññiniyo,|| kese pakiriya kandanti,|| bāhā paggayha kandanti,|| chinnapātaṃ [140] papatanti āvaṭṭanti vivaṭṭanti atikhippaṃ Bhagavā parinibbāyissati,|| atikhippaṃ Sugato parinibbāyissati,|| atikhippaṃ cakkhu loke antara-dhāyissatī’ti santĀnanda devatā paṭhaviyaṃ paṭhavi-saññiniyo,|| kesepakiriya kandanti,|| bāhā paggayha kandanti,|| chinnapātaṃ papatanti āvaṭṭanti vivaṭṭanti:|| ||

Atikhippaṃ Bhagavā parinibbāyissati,|| atikhippaṃ Sugato parinibbāyissati,|| atikhippaṃ cakkhu1 loke antara-dhāyissatīti!|| ||

Yā pana tā devatā vīta-rāgā,|| tā satā sampajānadā adhivāsenti: aniccā saṅkhārā taṃ kutettha labbhā?Ti,|| ||

95. “Pubbe bhante disāsu vassaṃ vutthā bhikkhū āga-c-chanti Tathāgataṃ dassanāya.|| ||

Te mayaṃ labhāma mano-bhāvanīye bhikkhū dassanāya labhāma payirupāsānāya,|| Bhagavato pana mayaṃ bhante accayena na labhissāma mano-bhāvanīye bhikkhu dassanāya na labhissāma payirupāsanāyā” ti.|| ||

“Cattār’imāni Ānanda saddhassa kula-puttassa dassanīyāni saṃvejanīyāni ṭhānāni.|| ||

Katamāni cattāri?|| ||

‘Idha Tathāgato jāto’ti Ānanda saddhassa kula-puttassa dassanīyaṃ saṃvejanīyaṃ ṭhānaṃ.|| ||

‘Idha Tathāgato anuttaraṃ sammā-sambodhiṃ abhisambuddho’ ti.|| ||

Ānanda saddhassa kula-puttassa dassanīyaṃ saṃvejanīyaṃ ṭhānaṃ.|| ||

‘Idha Tathāgatena anuttaraṃ Dhamma-cakkaṃ pavattitan’ ti.|| ||

Ānanda saddhassa kula-puttassa dassanīyaṃ saṃvejanīyaṃ ṭhānaṃ.|| ||

‘Idha Tathāgato anupādisesāya Nibbānadhātuyā’ parinibbutoti Ānanda saddhassa kula-puttassa dassanīyaṃ saṃvejanīyaṃ ṭhānaṃ.|| ||

[141] imāni kho Ānanda cattāri saddhassa kula-puttassa dassanīyāni saṃvejanīyāni ṭhānāni.|| ||

Āgamissanti kho Ānanda saddhā bhikkhū bhikkhuniyo upāsakā upāsikāyo’dha Tathāgato jāto ti pi,|| idha Tathāgato anuttaraṃ sammā-sambodhiṃ abhisambuddhoti pi,|| idha Tathāgatena anuttaraṃ Dhamma-cakkaṃ pavattitantipi,|| idha Tathāgato anupādisesāya Nibbānadhātuyā parinibbuto ti pi.|| ||

Ye hi keci Ānanda cetiyacārikaṃ āhiṇḍantā pasanna-cittā kālaṃ karissanti,|| sabbe te kāyassa bhedā param maraṇā sugatiṃ saggaṃ lokaṃ upapajjissantiti.|| ||

Ānanda pucchā kathā|| ||

96. “Kathaṃ mayaṃ bhante mātu-gāme paṭipajjāmā” ti?|| ||

“Adassanaṃ ānandā” ti.|| ||

“Dassane Bhagavā sati kathaṃ paṭipajjitabbanti?”|| ||

“Anālāpo ānandā” ti.|| ||

“Alapattena pana bhante kathaṃ paṭipajjitabbanti?”|| ||

“Sati Ānanda upaṭṭhapetabbā” ti.|| ||

Kathaṃ mayaṃ bhante Tathāgatassa sarīre paṭipajjāmā” ti?|| ||

“Avyāvaṭā tumhe Ānanda hotha Tathāgatassa sarīrapūjāya.|| ||

Iṅgha tumhe Ānanda sadatthe,|| ghaṭatha sadatthamanuyujjatha,|| sadatthe appamattā ātāpino pahit’attā viharatha,|| santĀnanda khattiya-paṇḍitā pi brāhmaṇa-paṇḍitā pi gahapati-paṇḍitā pi Tathāgate ahippasannā te Tathāgatassa sarīrapūjaṃ karissantī” ti.|| ||

“Kathaṃ pana bhante Tathāgatassa sarīre paṭipajjitabbantī?”|| ||

“Yathā kho Ānanda rañño cakka-vattissa sarīre paṭipajjanti,|| evaṃ Tathāgatassa sarīre paṭipajjitabbanti” “kathaṃ pana bhante rañño cakka-vattissa sarīre paṭipajjanti” ti?|| ||

“Rañño Ānanda cakka-vattissa sarīraṃ ahatena vatthena veṭhenti.|| ||

Ahatena vatthena veṭhetvā vihatena kappāsena veṭhenti.|| ||

Vihatena kappāsena veṭhetvā ahatena vatthena [142] veṭhenti.|| ||

Etenūpāyena pañcahi yugasatehi rañño cakka-vattissa sarīraṃ veṭhetvā āyasāya teladoṇiyā pakkhipitvā aññissā āyasāya doṇiyā paṭikujjitvā sabbagandhānaṃ citakaṃ karitvā rañño cakka-vattissa sarīraṃ jhāpenti.|| ||

Cātummahā-pathe rañño cakakavattissa thūpaṃ karonti.|| ||

Evaṃ kho Ānanda rañño cakka-vattissa sarīre paṭipajjanti.|| ||

Yathā kho Ānanda rañño cakka-vattissa sarīre paṭipajjanti evaṃ Tathāgatassa sarīre paṭipajjitabbaṃ cātu-m-mahā-pathe Tathāgatassa thūpo kātabbo.|| ||

Tattha ye mālaṃ vā gandhaṃ vā cuṇṇakaṃ3 vā āropessanti vā abhivādessanti vā,|| cittaṃ vā pasādessanti,|| tesantaṃ bhavissati dīgha-rattaṃ hitāya sukhāyā” ti.|| ||

Thūpārahā puggalā.|| ||

97. “Cattāro’me Ānanda thūpa-rahā.|| ||

Katame cattāro?|| ||

Tathāgato arahaṃ Sammā-SamBuddho thūpa-raho.|| ||

Paccekasambuddho thūpa-raho,|| Tathāgatassa sāvako thūpa-raho,|| rājā cakka-vattī thūpa-raho’ ti.|| ||

KiñcĀnanda attha-vasaṃ paṭicca Tathāgato arahaṃ Sammā-SamBuddho thūpa-raho?|| ||

Ayaṃ tassa Bhagavato arahato Sammā Sambuddhassa thūpo ti Ānanda bahū janā cittaṃ pasādenti,|| te tatthacittaṃ pasādetvā kāyassa bhedā param maraṇā sugatiṃ saggaṃ lokaṃ upapajjanti.|| ||

Idaṃ kho Ānanda attha-vasaṃ paṭicca Tathāgato arahaṃ Sammā-SamBuddho thūpa-raho.|| ||

KiñcĀnanda attha-vasaṃ paṭicca paccekasambuddho thūpa-raho? Ayaṃ tassa Bhagavato paccekasambuddhassa [143] thūpo ti Ānanda bahūjanā cittaṃ pasādenti.|| ||

Te tattha cittaṃ pasādetvā kāyassa bhedā param maraṇā sugatiṃ saggaṃ lokaṃ upapajjanti.|| ||

Idaṃ kho Ānanda attha-vasaṃ paṭicca paccekasambuddho thūpa-raho.|| ||

KiñcĀnanda attha-vasaṃ paṭicca Tathāgatassa sāvako thūpa-raho? Ayaṃ tassa Bhagavato arahato Sammā Sambuddhassa sāvakassa thūpo ti Ānanda bahū janā cittaṃ pasādenti.|| ||

1 Te tattha cittaṃ pasādetvā kāyassa bhedā param maraṇā sugatiṃ saggaṃ lokaṃ upapajjanti.|| ||

Idaṃ kho Ānanda attha-vasaṃ paṭicca Tathāgatassa sāvako thūpa-raho,|| ||

KiñcĀnanda attha-vasaṃ paṭicca rājā cakka-vattī thūpa-raho? Ayaṃ dhammikassa Dhamma-rañño thūpo ti Ānanda bahū janā cittaṃ pasādenti,|| te tattha cittaṃ pasādetvā kāyassa bhedā param maraṇā sugatiṃ saggaṃ lokaṃ upapajjanti.|| ||

Idaṃ kho Ānanda attha-vasaṃ paṭicca rājā cakka-vatti thūpa-raho.|| ||

Ime kho Ānanda cattāro thūpa-rahā” ti.|| ||

ĀnandatTherassa acchariya-Dhammā.|| ||

98. Atha kho āyasmā Ānando vihāraṃ pavisitvā kapisīsaṃ ālambitvā rodamāno aṭṭhāsi: “ahañca vat’amhi sekho sakaraṇīyo,|| Satthu ca me pari-Nibbānaṃ bhavissati yo mamaṃ3 ānukampako” ti.|| ||

atha kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi: “kahannu kho bhikkhave Ānando” ti.”eso bhante āyasmā Ānando vihāraṃ pavisitvā kapisīsaṃ ālambitvā rodamāno ṭhito: ‘ahañca vat’amhi sekho sakaraṇīyo Satthu ca me pari-Nibbānaṃ bhavissati yo mamaṃ ānukampako” ti.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā aññataraṃ bhikkhuṃ āmantesi: “ehi tvaṃ bhikkhu,|| mama vacanena Ānandaṃ āmantehi: Satthā taṃ āvuso Ānanda āmanteti” ti.[144] “evambhante’ti kho so bhikkhu Bhagavato paṭi-s-sutvā yen’āyasmā Ānando ten’upasaṅkami,|| upasaṅkamitvā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ etad avoca: Satthā taṃ āvuso Ānanda āmantetī” ti.|| ||

‘Evam āvuso’ti kho āyasmā Ānando tassa bhikkhuno paṭi-s-sutvā yena Bhagavā ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā Bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā eka-m-antaṃ nisīdi,|| eka-m-antaṃ nisinnaṃ kho āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ Bhagavā etad avoca:|| ||

“Alaṃ Ānanda mā soci,|| mā paridevi- nanu etaṃ Ānanda mayā paṭikacc’eva akkhātaṃ sabbeh’eva piyehi manāpehi nānābhāvo vinābhāvo aññathā-bhāvo.|| ||

Taṃ kutettha Ānanda labbhā ‘yan taṃ jātaṃ bhūtaṃ saṅkhataṃ paloka-dhammaṃ,|| taṃ vata Tathāgatassāpi sarīraṃ’ māpalujjiti.|| ||

Netaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati.|| ||

Dīgha-rattaṃ kho te Ānanda Tathāgato pacc’upaṭṭhito mettena kāya-kammena hitena sukhena advayena appamāṇena,|| mettena vacī-kammena hitena sukhena advayena appamāṇena,|| mettena mano-kammena hitena sukhena advayena appamāṇena.|| ||

Katapuñño’si tvaṃ Ānanda padhānamanuyuñja ,|| khippaṃ hehisi1 anāsavo” ti.|| ||

99. Atha kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi: ” ye pi te bhikkhave ahesuṃ atītam addhānaṃ Arahanto Sammā-Sambuddhā,|| tesam pi Bhagavantaṃ etaparamāyeva upaṭṭhākā ahesuṃ seyyathā pi mayhaṃ Ānando.|| ||

Ye pi te bhikkhave bhavissanti anāgatam addhānaṃ Arahanto Sammā-Sambuddhā,|| tesam pi Bhagavantānaṃ etaparamāyeva upaṭṭhākā bhavissanti seyyathā pi mayhaṃ Ānando,|| paṇḍito bhikkhave Ānando,|| medhāvī bhikkhave Ānando,|| jānāti ‘ayaṃ kālo Tathāgataṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamituṃ bhikkhūnaṃ,|| ayaṃ kālo bhikkhunīnaṃ ayaṃ kālo upāsakānaṃ,|| [145] ayaṃ kālo upāsikānaṃ,|| ayaṃ kālo rañño rāja-mahāmattāṇaṃ titthiyānaṃ titthiyasāvakānanti.’|| ||

100. Cattāro’me bhikkhave acchariyā abbhutā dhammā Ānande katame cattāro?|| ||

Sace bhikkhave bhikkhu-parisā Ānandaṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamati,|| dassanena sā atta-manā hoti.|| ||

Tatra ce Ānando dhammaṃ bhāsati,|| bhāsitena pi sā atta-manā hoti,|| atittā’va bhikkhave bhikkhu-parisā hoti.|| ||

Atha kho Ānando tuṇhī hoti.|| ||

Sace bhikkhave bhikkhunī-parisā,|| upāsaka-parisā,|| upāsikāparisā Ānandaṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamati,|| dassanena sā atta-manā hoti.|| ||

Tatra ce Ānando dhammaṃ bhāsati bhāsitena pi sā atta-manā hoti.|| ||

Atittā’va bhikkhave upāsikāparisā hoti.|| ||

Atha kho Ānando tuṇhī hoti.|| ||

Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro acchariyā abbhutā dhammā Ānande.|| ||

Cattāro’me bhikkhave acchariyā abbhutā dhammā raññe cakka-vattimhi.|| ||

Katame cattāro? Sace bhikkhave khattiya-parisā rājānaṃ cakka-vattiṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamati,|| dassanena sā atta-manā hoti.|| ||

Tatra ce rājā cakka-vattī bhāsati bhāsitena pi sā atta-manā hoti atittā’va bhikkhave khattiya-parisā hoti.|| ||

Atha kho rājā cakka-vattī tuṇhī hoti.|| ||

Sace bhikkhave brāhmaṇa-parisā,|| gahapati-parisā,|| samaṇa-parisā rājānaṃ cakka-vattiṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamati,|| dassanena sā atta-manā hoti.|| ||

Tatra ce rājā cakka-vattī bhāsati ?āsitena pi sā atta-manā hoti,|| atittā’va bhikkhave samaṇa-parisā hoti.|| ||

Atha kho rājā cakka-vatti tuṇhī hoti.|| ||

[146] evam eva kho,|| bhikkhave,|| cattāro ‘me acchariyā abbhutā dhammā Ānande.|| ||

Sace bhikkhave bhikkhu-parisā Ānandaṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamati,|| dassanena sā atta-manā hoti,|| tatra ce Ānando dhammaṃ bhāsati,|| bhāsitena pi sā atta-manā hoti,|| tatu ce Ānando dhammaṃ bhāsati,|| bhāsitena pi sā atta-manā hoti,|| atittā’va bhikkhave bhikkhu-parisā hoti.|| ||

Atha kho Ānando tuṇhī hoti.|| ||

Sace bhikkhunī-parisā,|| upāsaka-parisā,|| upāsikāparisā Ānandaṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamati,|| dassanena sā atta-manā hoti,|| tatra ce Ānando dhammaṃ bhāsati bhāsitena pi sā atta-manā hoti atittā’va bhikkhave upāsikāparisā hoti.|| ||

Atha kho Ānando tuṇhī hoti.|| ||

Ime kho bhikkhave cattāro acchariyā abbhutā dhammā Ānande’ ti.|| ||

(Mahāsudassana sutta desanā.)|| ||

101. Evaṃ vutte āyasmā Ānando Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca: “mā bhante Bhagavā imasmiṃ kuḍḍanagarake ujjaṅgalanagarake sākhānagarake parinibbāyī.|| ||

Santi bhante aññāni mahānagarāni,|| seyyath’īdaṃ campā Rājagahaṃ Sāvatthi sāketaṃ kosambī Bārāṇasī.|| ||

Ettha Bhagavā parinibbātu.|| ||

Ettha bahū khattiya-mahā-sālā brāhmaṇa-mahā-sālā gahapati-mahā-sālā Tathāgate abhi-p-pasannā.|| ||

Te Tathāgatassa sarīrapūjaṃ karissanti” ti.|| ||

“Mā h’evaṃ Ānanda avaca,|| māhevaṃ Ānanda avaca kuḍḍanagarakaṃ ujjaṅgalanagarakaṃ sākhānagarakanti.”|| ||

‘Bhūta-pubbaṃ Ānanda rājā mahā sudassano nāma ahosi cakka-vattī dhammiko Dhamma-rājā cāturanto vijitāvī jana-padatthācariya-p-patto satta-ratana-samannāgato.|| ||

Rañño Ānanda mahā sudassanassa ayaṃ kusinārā kusāvatī nāma rāja-dhānī ahosi.|| ||

Puratthimena ca pacchimena ca dvādasa-yojanāni āyāmena,|| uttarena ca dakkhiṇena ca satta-yojanāni vitthārena,|| kusāvatī Ānanda rāja-dhānī iddhā c’eva ahosi phītā [147] ca bahu-janā ca ākiṇṇa-manussā ca subhikkhā va.|| ||

Seyyathā pi Ānanda devānaṃ ā’akamandā nāma rāja-dhāni iddhā c’eva phitā ca bahu-janā ca ākiṇṇayakkhā ca subhikkhā ca,|| evam eva kho Ānanda kusāvatī rāja-dhānī iddhā c’eva ahosi phītā ca bahu-janā ca ākiṇṇa-manussā ca subhikkhā ca.|| ||

Kusāvatī Ānanda rāja-dhānī dasahi saddehi avīvittā ahosi divā c’eva rattiñca: seyyath’īdaṃ hatthi-saddena assa-saddena ratha-saddena bheri-saddena mudiṅga-saddena vīṇā-saddena gītasaddena saṅkha-saddena,|| sammasaddena tālasaddena asnātha pivatha khādathāti dasamena saddena.|| ||

Gaccha tvaṃ Ānanda,|| kusināraṃ pavisitvā kosinārakānaṃ mallānaṃ ārocehi: ajja kho vāseṭṭhā rattiyā pacchime yāme Tathāgatassa pari-Nibbānaṃ bhavissati.|| ||

Abhi-k-kamatha vāseṭṭhā abhi-k-kamatha vāseṭṭhā,|| mā pacchā vippaṭi-sārino ahuvattha: amhākañ ca no gāmakkhette Tathāgatassa pari-Nibbānaṃ ahosi,|| na mayaṃ labhimhā pacchime kāle Tathāgataṃ dassanāyā” ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paṭi-s-sutvā nivāsetvā patta-cīvaraṃ ādāya attadutiyo kusināraṃ pāvisi.|| ||

Mallānaṃ vandanā|| ||

102. Tena kho pana samayena kosinārakā mallā santhāgāre sanni-patitā honti kenacideva karaṇīyena.|| ||

Atha kho āyasmā Ānando yena kosinārakānaṃ mallānaṃ santhāgāraṃ ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā kosinārakānaṃ mallānaṃ ārocesi “ajja kho vāseṭṭhā rattiyā pacchime yāme Tathāgatassa pari-Nibbānaṃ bhavissati.|| ||

Abhi-k-kamatha vāseṭṭhā,|| abhi-k-kamatha vāseṭṭhā.|| ||

Mā pacchā vippaṭi-sārino ahuvattha! ‘Amhākañ ca no gāmakkhette Tathāgatassa [148] pari-Nibbānaṃ ahosi,|| naṃ mayaṃ labhimhā pacchime kāle Tathāgataṃ dassanāyā” ti.|| ||

Idamāyasmato Ānandassa sutvā mallā ca mallaputtā ca mallasuṇisā ca mallapajāpatiyo ca aghāvino dummanā cetodukkhasamappitā appekacce kese pakiriya kandanti,|| bāhā paggayha kandanti,|| chinnapātaṃ patanti āvaṭṭanti vivaṭṭanti “atikhippaṃ Bhagavā parinibbāyissati,|| atikhippaṃ Sugato parinibbāyissati,|| atikhippaṃ cakkhu 1 loke antara-dhāyissatī” ti.|| ||

Atha kho mallā ca mallaputtā ca mallasuṇisā ca mallapajāpatiyo ca aghāvino dummanā cetodukkhasamappitā yena upavattaṃ mallānaṃ sāla-vanaṃ yen’āyasmā Ānando ten’upasaṅkamiṃsu.|| ||

Atha kho āyasmato Ānandassa etad ahosi: sace kho ahaṃ kosinārake malle ekam-ekaṃ Bhagavantaṃ vandāpessamiṃ,|| avandito’va Bhagavā kosinārakehi mallehi bhavissati.|| ||

Athāyaṃ ratti vibhāyissati.|| ||

Yan nūn-ā-haṃ kosinārake malle kulaparivattaso kulaparivattaso ṭhapetvā Bhagavantaṃ vandāpeyyaṃ ‘itthannāmo bhante mallo saputto sahariyo sapariso sāmacco Bhagavato pāde sirasā vandatī’ ti.|| ||

Atha kho āyasmā Ānando kosinārake malle kulaparivattaso kulaparivattaso ṭhapetvā Bhagavantaṃ vandāpesi: ‘itthannāmo bhante mallo saputto sabhariyo sapariso sāmacco Bhagavato pāde sirasā vandatī’ ti.|| ||

Atha kho āyasmā Ānando etena upāyena paṭhamen’eva yāmena kosinārake malle Bhagavantaṃ vandāpesi.|| ||

Subhadda paribbājaka vatthu|| ||

103. Subhadda paribbājaka vatthu|| ||

103. Tena kho pana samayena subhaddo nāma paribbājako kusinārāyaṃ paṭivasati.|| ||

Assosi kho subhaddo paribbājako: ‘ajja kira rattiyā pacchime yāme samaṇassa Gotamassa pari-Nibbānaṃ bhavissatī’ ti.|| ||

[149] atha kho subhaddassa paribbājakassa etad ahosi: “sutaṃ kho pana me’taṃ paribbājakānaṃ vuḍḍhānaṃ mahallakānaṃ ācariya-pācariyānaṃ bhāsa-mānānaṃ kadāci karahaci Tathāgatā loke uppajjanti Arahanto Sammā-Sambuddhāti.|| ||

Ajjeva rattiyā pacchime yāme samaṇassa Gotamassa pari-Nibbānaṃ bhavissati.|| ||

Atthi ca me ayaṃ kaṅkhādhammo uppanno.|| ||

Evaṃ pasanno ahaṃ samaṇe gotame ‘pahoti me Samaṇo Gotamo tathā dhammaṃ desetuṃ yathā’haṃ imaṃ kaṅkhādhammaṃ pajaheyyan’ ti.|| ||

Atha kho subhaddo paribbājako yena upavattanaṃ mallānaṃ sāla-vanaṃ yen’āyasmā Ānando ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ etad avoca: sutaṃ me taṃ bho Ānandaparibbājakānaṃ vuḍḍhānaṃ mahallakānaṃ ācariya-pācariyānaṃ bhāsa-mānānaṃ: “kadāvi karahaci Tathāgatā loke uppajjanti Arahanto Sammā-Sambuddhā” ti.|| ||

Ajjeva rattiyā pacchime yāme samaṇassa Gotamassa pari-Nibbānaṃ bhavissati.|| ||

Atthi ca me ayaṃ kaṅkhādhammo uppanno,|| “evaṃ pasanno ahaṃ samaṇe gotame,|| pahoti me Samaṇo Gotamo tathā dhamaṃ desetuṃ yathā’haṃ imaṃ kaṅkhādhammaṃ pajaheyyaṃ.|| ||

Sādhāhaṃ bho Ānanda labheyyaṃ samaṇaṃ Gotamaṃ dassanāyā” ti.|| ||

Evaṃ vutte āyasmā Ānando subhaddaṃ paribbājakaṃ etad avoca: ‘alaṃ āvuso subhadda,|| mā Tathāgataṃ viheṭhesi.|| ||

Kilanto Bhagavā” ti.|| ||

dutiyam pi kho subhaddo paribbājako āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ etad avoca: “sutaṃ me taṃ bho Ānanda paribbājakānaṃ vuḍḍhānaṃ mahallakānaṃ ācariya-pācariyānaṃ bhāsa-mānānaṃ: kadāci karahaci Tathāgatā loke uppajjanti Arahanto Sammā-Sambuddhāti.|| ||

Ajjeva rattiyā pacchime yāme [150] samaṇassa Gotamassa pari-Nibbānaṃ bhavissati.|| ||

Atthi ca me ayaṃ kaṅkhādhammo uppanno,|| evaṃ pasanno ahaṃ samaṇe gotame,|| ‘pahoti me Samaṇo Gotamo tathā dhammā desetuṃ yathā’haṃ imaṃ kaṅkhā dhammaṃ pajaheyyaṃ’.|| ||

Sādhāhaṃ bho Ānanda labheyyaṃ samaṇaṃ Gotamaṃ dassanāyā” ti.|| ||

dutiyam pi kho āyasmā Ānando subhaddaṃ paribbājakaṃ etad avoca: “alaṃ āvuso subhadda,|| mā Tathāgataṃ viheṭhesi kilanto Bhagavā” ti.|| ||

Tatiyam pi kho subhaddo paribbājako āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ etad avoca: “sutaṃ me taṃ bho Ānanda paribbājakānaṃ vuḍḍhānaṃ mahallakānaṃ ācariya-pācariyānaṃ bhāsa-mānānaṃ: kadāci karahaci Tathāgatā loke uppajjanti Arahanto Sammā-Sambuddhāti.|| ||

Ajjeva rattiyā pacchime yāme samaṇassa Gotamassa pari-Nibbānaṃ bhavissati.|| ||

Atthi ca me ayaṃ kaṅkhādhammo uppanno,|| evaṃ pasanno ahaṃ samaṇe gotame,|| ‘pahoti me Samaṇo Gotamo tathā dhammā desetuṃ yathā’haṃ imaṃ kaṅkhā dhammaṃ pajaheyyaṃ’.|| ||

Sādhāhaṃ bho Ānanda labheyyaṃ samaṇaṃ Gotamaṃ dassanāyā” ti.|| ||

Tatiyam pi kho āyasmā Ānando subhaddaṃ paribbājakaṃ etad avoca: “alaṃ āvuso subhadda,|| mā Tathāgataṃ viheṭhesi kilanto Bhagavā” ti.|| ||

104. Assosi kho Bhagavā āyasmato Ānandassa subhaddena paribbājakena saddhiṃ imaṃ kathā-sallāpaṃ.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi: “alaṃ Ānanda mā subhaddaṃ vāresi,|| labhataṃ Ānanda subhaddo Tathāgataṃ dassanāya.|| ||

Yaṃ kiñci maṃ subhaddo pucchissati,|| sabbantaṃ aññāpekkho’va pucchissati no vihesāpekkho.|| ||

Yañ cassāhaṃ puṭṭho vyākarissāmi,|| taṃ khippameva ājānissatī” ti.|| ||

Atha kho āyasmā Ānando subhaddaṃ paribbājakaṃ etad avoca: gacch’āvuso subhadda,|| karoti te Bhagavā okāsanti.|| ||

Atha kho subhaddo paribbājako yena Bhagavā ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā Bhagavatā saddhiṃ sammodi.|| ||

Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sārāṇīyaṃ vīti-sāretvā eka-m-antaṃ nisīdi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ nisinno kho subhaddo paribbājako Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca: ‘ye’ me bho Gotama samaṇa-brāhmaṇā saṅghino gaṇino gaṇācariyā ñātā yasassino titthakarā sādhusammatā bahu-janassa,|| seyyath’īdaṃ pūraṇo Kassapo,|| makkhali gosālo,|| ajito kesakambalo,|| pakudho kaccāyano,|| sañjayo belaṭṭhaputto.|| ||

NigaṇṭhoNātaputto,|| sabbe te sakāya paṭiññāya abbhaññiṃsu.|| ||

Sabbe va na [151] abbhaññiṃsu,|| udāhu ekacce abbhaññiṃsu ekacce nābbhaññiṃsū” ti?|| ||

“Alaṃ subhaddaṃ tiṭhate taṃ sabbe te sakāya paṭiññāya abbhaññiṃsu,|| sabb’eva na abbhaññiṃsu,|| udāhu ekacce abbhaññiṃsu ekacce nābbhaññiṃsū” ti.|| ||

Dhammaṃ te subhadda desissāmi.|| ||

Taṃ suṇāhi,|| sādhukaṃ manasi karohi,|| bhāsissāmī” ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho subhaddo paribbājako Bhagavato paccassosi,|| Bhagavā etad avoca:|| ||

105. “Yasmiṃ kho subhadda Dhamma-Vinaye Ariyo Aṭṭhaṅgiko Maggo na upalabbhati,|| samaṇo pi na upalabbhati,|| dutiyo pi tattha samaṇo na upalabbhati,|| tatiyo pi tattha samaṇo na upalabbhati,|| catuttho pi tattha samaṇo na upalabbhati.|| ||

Yasmiñca kho subhadda Dhamma-Vinaye Ariyo Aṭṭhaṅgiko Maggo upalabbhati,|| samaṇo pi tattha upalabbhati,|| dutiyo pi tattha samaṇo upalabbhati,|| tatiyo pi tattha samaṇo upalabbhati,|| catuttho pi tattha samaṇo upalabbhati.|| ||

Imasmiṃ kho subhadda Dhamma-Vinaye Ariyo Aṭṭhaṅgiko Maggo upalabbhati.|| ||

Idhe va subhadda samaṇo,|| idha dutiyo samaṇo,|| idha tatiyo samaṇo idha catuttho samaṇo.|| ||

Suññā parappavādā samaṇehi aññe.|| ||

Ime ca1 subhadda bhikkhū sammā vihareyyuṃ asuñño loko Arahantehi assā” ti.|| ||

“Ekūnatiṃso vayasā subhadda|| ||

Yaṃ pabbajiṃ kiṃ kusalānuesī|| ||

Vassāni paññāsa samādhikāni|| ||

Yato ahaṃ pabba-jito subhadda|| ||

ñāyassa Dhammassa padesavatti|| ||

Ito bahiddhā samaṇo pi n’atthi.|| ||

[152] dutiyo pi samaṇo n’atthi,|| ||

Tatiyo pi samaṇo n’atthi,|| ||

Catuttho pi samaṇo n’atthi.|| ||

Suññā parappavādā samaṇehi aññe|| ||

Ime ca subhadda bhikkhū sammā vihareyyuṃ|| ||

Asuñño loko Arahantehī” ti.|| ||

106. Evaṃ vutte subhaddo paribbājako Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca: abhikkantaṃ bhante,|| abhikkantaṃ bhante seyyathā pi bhante nikkujjitaṃ vā ukkujjeyya,|| paṭi-c-channaṃ vā vivareyya,|| mūḷhassa vā Maggaṃ ācikkheyya,|| andha-kāre vā tela-pajjotaṃ dhāreyya cakkhu-manto rūpāni dakkhintī” ti.|| ||

Evam eva Bhagavatā aneka-pariyāyena dhammo pakāsito.|| ||

Es’āhaṃ bhante Bhagavantaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi Dhammañ ca bhikkhu-saṅghañ ca.|| ||

Labheyyāhaṃ bhante Bhagavato santike pabbajjaṃ,|| labheyyaṃ upasampadanti.|| ||

“Yo kho subhadda añña-titthiyapubbo imasmiṃ Dhamma-Vinaye ākaṅkhati,|| pabbajjaṃ,|| ākaṅkhati upasampadaṃ,|| so cattāro māse parivasati.|| ||

Catunnaṃ māsānaṃ accayena āraddha-cittā bhikkhū pabbā-jenti upasampādenti bhikkhu-bhāvāya.|| ||

Api ca mettha puggalavemattatā viditā” ti.|| ||

“Sace bhante añña-titthiya-pubbā imasmiṃ Dhamma-Vinaye,|| ākaṅkhantā pabbajjaṃ,|| ākaṅkhantā upasampadaṃ,|| cattāro māse parivasanti,|| catunnaṃ māsānaṃ accayena āraddha-cittā bhikkhū pabbā-jenti upasampādenti bhikkhu-bhāvāya,|| ahaṃ cattāri vassāni parivasissāmi,|| catunnaṃ vassānaṃ accayena āraddha-cittā bhikkhū pabbājentu upasampādentu bhikkhu-bhāvāyā” ti.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi: tena hĀnanda subhaddaṃ pabbājethā ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ bhante” ti kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavato paccassosi.|| ||

Atha kho subhaddo paribbājako āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ etad avoca: “lābhā vo āvuso Ānanda,|| su-laddhaṃ vo āvuso Ānanda,|| ye1 ettha Satthu sammukhā antevāsābhisekena abhisittā ti.|| ||

[153] Alattha kho Subhaddo paribbājako Bhagavato santike pabbajjaṃ,|| alattha upasampadaṃ.|| ||

Acir’ūpa-sampanno kho pan’āyasmā Subhaddo eko vūpakaṭṭho appamatto ātāpī pahit’atto viharanto.|| ||

Na cirass’eva yass’atthāya kula-puttā samma-d-eva agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajanti,|| tad anuttaraṃ Brahma-cariya-pariyosānaṃ diṭṭhe’va dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchi-katvā upasampajja vihāsi:|| ||

‘Khīṇā jāti,|| vusitaṃ Brahma-cariyaṃ,|| kataṃ karaṇīyaṃ,|| nāparaṃ itthattāyā’ ti abbhaññāsi.|| ||

Aññataro kho pan’āyasmā Subhaddo arahataṃ ahosi.|| ||

So ca Bhagavato pacchime sakkhi-sāvako ahosī ti.|| ||

Hiraññavatiya-Bhāṇavāraṃ Niṭṭhitaṃ Pañcamaṃ

§

[154]

Chapter VI

107. Atha kho Bhagavā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi:|| ||

“Siyā kho pan’Ānanda tumhākaṃ evam assa:|| ||

“AtītaSatthukaṃ pāvacanaṃ,|| n’atthi no Satthā” ti.|| ||

Na kho pan’etaṃ Ānanda evaṃ daṭṭhabbaṃ.|| ||

Yo vo Ānanda mayā Dhammo ca Vinayo ca desito paññatto,|| so vo mam’accayena Satthā ti.|| ||

2. ‘Yathā kho pan’Ānanda etarahi bhikkhū añña-maññaṃ āvuso-vādena samud’ācaranti,|| na kho mam’accayena evaṃ samudācaritabbaṃ.|| ||

Theratarena Ānanda bhikkhunā navakataro bhikkhu nāmena vā gottena vā āvuso-vādena vā samudācaritabbo,|| navakatarena bhikkhunā Therataro bhikkhu “bhante” ti vā “āyasmā” ti vā samudācaritabbo.|| ||

3. ‘Ākatkhamāno Ānanda saṅgho mam’accayena khuddānukhuddakāni sikkhā-padāni samūhanatu.|| ||

4. ‘Channassa Ānanda bhikkhuno mam’accayena brahma-daṇḍo kātabbo” ti.|| ||

“Katamo pana bhante brahma-daṇḍo” ti?|| ||

“Channo Ānanda bhikkhu yaṃ iccheyya taṃ vadeyya,|| so bhikkhūhi n’eva vattabbo na ovaditabbo na anusāsitabbo” ti.|| ||

108. [5.] Atha kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi:|| ||

‘Siyā kho pana bhikkhave eka-bhikkhussā pi kaṅkhā vā vimati vā Buddhe vā dhamme vā saṅghe vā magge vā paṭipadāya vā.|| ||

Pucchatha bhikkhave.|| ||

Mā pacchā [155] vippaṭi-sārino ahuvattha: sammukhī-bhūto no Satthā ahosi,|| na mayaṃ sakkhīmha Bhagavantaṃ sammukhā paṭipucchitunti.|| ||

Evaṃ vutte te bhikkhu tuṇhī ahesuṃ.|| ||

dutiyam pi kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi: siyā kho pana bhikkhave ekabhikkhussāpi kaṅkhā vā vimati vā Buddhe vā dhamme vā saṅghe vā magge vā paṭipadāya vā,|| pucchatha bhikkhave,|| mā pacchā vippaṭi-sārino ahuvattha: sammukhī-bhūto no Satthā ahosi,|| na mayaṃ sakkhīmha Bhagavantaṃ sammukhā paṭipucchitunti.|| ||

dutiyam pi kho te bhikkhū tuṇhī ahesuṃ.|| ||

Tatiyam pi kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi: siyā kho pana bhikkhave ekabhikkhussāpi kaṅkhā vā vimati vā Buddhe vā dhammevā saṅghe vā magge vā paṭipadāya vā pucchatha bhikkhave mā pacchā vippaṭi-sārino ahuvattha,|| sammukhī-bhūto no Satthā ahosi,|| na mayaṃ sakkhimha Bhagavantaṃ sammukhā paṭipucchitunti.|| ||

Tatiyam pi kho te bhikkhū tuṇhī ahesuṃ.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi ‘siyā kho pana bhikkhave Satthu-gāravenāpi na puccheyyātha.|| ||

Sahāyako pi bhikkhave sahāyakassa ārocetū’ ti.|| ||

Evaṃ vutte te bhikkhū tuṇhī ahesuṃ.|| ||

108. Atha kho āyasmā Ānando Bhagavantaṃ etad avoca: “acchariyaṃ bhante,|| abbhutaṃ bhante,|| evaṃ pasanno ahaṃ bhante imasmiṃ bhikkhu-saṅghe ‘n’atthi ekabhikkhussāpi kaṅkhā vā vimati vā Buddhe vā dhamme vā saṅghe vā magge vā paṭipadāya vā’ ti.|| ||

“Pasādā kho tvaṃ Ānanda vadesi.|| ||

ñāṇameva h’ettha Ānanda Tathāgatassa n’atthi imasmiṃ bhikkhu saṅghe ekabhikkhussāpi kaṅkhā vā vimati vā Buddhe vā dhamme vā saṅghe vā magge vā paṭipadāya vā.|| ||

Imesaṃ hi Ānanda pañcannaṃ bhikkhu-satānaṃ yo pacchimako bhikkhu so Sot’āpanno avinipāta-dhammo niyato sambodhi-parāyaṇo’ ti.|| ||

Atha kho Bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi: [156] “Handa dāni bhikkhave āmantayāmi vo:|| ||

“Vaya-dhammā saṅkhārā,|| appamādena sampādethā” ti.|| ||

Ayaṃ Tathāgatassa pacchimā vācā.|| ||

Bhagavato pari-Nibbānaṃ.|| ||

109. [8] Atha kho Bhagavā paṭhamaṃ-jhānaṃ samāpajji.|| ||

Paṭhamajjhānā vuṭṭha-hitvā dutiyaṃ-jhānaṃ samāpajji.|| ||

Dutiyajjhānā vuṭṭha-hitvā tatiyaṃ-jhānaṃ samāpajji.|| ||

Tatiyajjhānā vuṭṭhahitvayā catutthaṃ-jhānaṃ samāpajji.|| ||

Catutthajjhānā vuṭṭha-hitvā Ākāsanañ-c’āyatanaṃ samāpajji.|| ||

Ākāsanañ-c’āyatana-samāpattiyā vuṭṭha-hitvā Viññāṇañ-c’āyatanaṃ samāpajji.|| ||

Viññāṇañ-c’āyatana-samāpattiyā vuṭṭha-hitvā Ākiñcaññ’āyatanaṃ samāpajji.|| ||

Ākiñ caññ’āyatana-samāpattiyā vuṭṭha-hitvā N’eva-saññā-nā-saññ’āyatanaṃ samāpajji.|| ||

N’eva-saññā-nā-saññ’āyatana-samāpattiyā vuṭṭha-hitvā saññā-vedayita-nirodhaṃ samāpajji.|| ||

Atha kho āyasmā Ānando āyasmantaṃ Anuruddhaṃ etad avoca:|| ||

“Parinibbuto bhante Anuruddha Bhagavā’ ti.|| ||

“Na āvuso Ānanda Bhagavā parinibbuto saññā-vedayita-nirodhaṃ samāpanno” ti.|| ||

9. Atha kho Bhagavā saññā-vedayita-nirodha-samāpattiyā vuṭṭha-hitvā n’evavasaññā-nāsaññāyatanaṃ-samāpajji.|| ||

N’evasaññā-nāsaññāyatana-samāpattiyā vuṭṭha-hitvā Ākiñcaññ’āyatanaṃ samāpajji.|| ||

Ākiñ caññ’āyatanasamāpattiyā vuṭṭha-hitvā Viññāṇañ-c’āyatanaṃ samāpajji.|| ||

Viññāṇañ-c’āyatanasamāpattiyā vuṭṭha-hitvā Ākāsanañ-c’āyatanaṃ samāpajji.|| ||

Ākāsanañ-c’āyatanasamāpattiyā vuṭṭha-hitvā catutthaṃ-jhānaṃ samāpajji.|| ||

Catutthajjhānā vuṭṭha-hitvā tatiyaṃ-jhānaṃ samāpajji.|| ||

Tatiyajjhānā vuṭṭha-hitvā dutiyaṃ-jhānaṃ samāpajji.|| ||

Dutiyajjhānā vuṭṭha-hitvā paṭhamaṃjjhānaṃ samāpajji.|| ||

Paṭhamajjhānā vuṭṭha-hitvā dutiyaṃjjhānaṃ samāpajji.|| ||

Dutiyajjhānā vuṭṭha-hitvā tatiyaṃ-jhānaṃ samāpajji.|| ||

Tatiyajjhānā vuṭṭha-hitvā catutthaṃ-jhānaṃ samāpajji.|| ||

Catutthajjhānā vuṭṭha-hitvā taṃ samanantarā Bhagavā parinibbāyi.|| ||

110. Parinibbute Bhagavati saha pariNibbānā mahābhūmi-cālo ahosi,|| mahiṃsanako salomahaṃso deva-dundubhiyo ca phaliṃsu.|| ||

[157] parinibbute Bhagavati saha pariNibbānā Brahmā Sahampati imaṃ gāthaṃ abhāsi:|| ||

“Sabbe va nikkhipissanti bhūtā loke samussayaṃ|| ||

Yathā etādiso Satthā loke appaṭi-puggalo|| ||

Tathāgato balappatto sambuddho parinibbuto” ti.|| ||

Parinibbute Bhagavati saha pariNibbānā Sakko devānaṃ Indo imaṃ gāthaṃ abhāsi:|| ||

“Aniccā vata saṅkhārā uppādavaya-dhammino,|| ||

Uppajjitvā nirujjhanti tesaṃ vūpasamo sukho” ti.|| ||

Parinibbute Bhagavati saha pariNibbānā āyasmā Anuruddho imā gāthāyo abhāsi:|| ||

“Nāhu assāsapassāso ṭhita-cittassa tādino,|| ||

Anejo santimārabbha yaṃ kālamakarī muni.|| ||

Asallīnena cittena vedanaṃ ajjhavāsayī,|| ||

Pajjotass’eva Nibbānaṃ vimokkho cetaso ahū” ti.|| ||

Parinibbute Bhagavati saha pariNibbānā āyasmā Ānando imaṃ gāthaṃ abhāsi:|| ||

“Tadāsi yaṃ bhiṃsanakaṃ tadāsi lomahaṃsanaṃ|| ||

Sabbākāravarūpete sambuddhe parinibbute” ti.|| ||

111. “Parinibbute Bhagavati ye te tattha bhikkhū avīta-rāgā appekacce bāhā paggayha kandanti chinnapātaṃ patanti āvaṭṭanti vivaṭṭanti:’ atikhippaṃ Bhagavā [158] parinibbuto,|| atikhippaṃ Sugato parinibbuto atikhippaṃ cakkhu loke antara-hitan” ti.|| ||

Ye pana te bhikkhū vīta-rāgā te satā sampajānā ‘adhivāsenti aniccā saṅkhārā,|| taṃ kutettha labbhā’ ti.|| ||

112. Atha kho āyasmā Anuruddho bhikkhū āmantesi; alaṃ āvuso mā sovittha mā paridevittha.|| ||

Nanu etaṃ āvuso Bhagavatā paṭigacc’eva akkhātaṃ,|| sabbeh’eva piyehi manāpehi nānābhāvo vinābhāvo aññathā-bhāvo,|| taṃ kutettha āvuso labbhā yan taṃ jātaṃ bhūtaṃ saṅkhataṃ paloka-dhammaṃ taṃ vata mā palujjiti n’etaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati.|| ||

Devat’āvuso ujjhāyantī” ti.|| ||

“Kathambhūtā pana bhante Anuruddha devatā mana-sikaroti?|| ||

Santāvuso Ānanda devatā ākāse paṭhavi-saññiniyo kese pakiriya kandanti bāhā paggayha kandanti chinnapātaṃ patanti,|| āvaṭṭanti: vivaṭṭanti atikhippaṃ Bhagavā parinibbuto,|| atikhippaṃ Sugato parinibbuto,|| atikhippaṃ cakkhu loke antara-hitanti.|| ||

Santāvuso Ānanda devatā paṭhaviyā paṭhavi-saññiniyo kese pakiriya kandanti bāhā paggayha kandanti chinnapātaṃ patanti,|| āvaṭṭanti: vivaṭṭanti atikhippaṃ Bhagavā parinibbuto,|| atikhippaṃ Sugato parinibbuto,|| atikhippaṃ cakkhu loke antara-hito ti.|| ||

Yā pana devatā vīta-rāgā tā satā sampajānā adhivāsenti ‘aniccā saṅkhārā taṃ kutettha labbhā’ ti.|| ||

113. Atha kho āyasmā ca Anuruddho āyasmā ca Ānando taṃ rattāvasesaṃ dhammiyā kathāya vītināmesuṃ.|| ||

Atha kho āyasmā Anuruddho āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ āmantesi: gacch’āvuso Ānanda kusināraṃ.|| ||

Kusināraṃ pavisitvā kosinārakānaṃ mallānaṃ ārocehi: ‘parinibbuto vāsiṭṭhā Bhagavā,|| yassa dāni kālaṃ maññathā’ ti.|| ||

Evaṃ bhante ti kho āyasmā Ānando āyasmato Anuruddhassa paṭi-s-sutvā pubbaṇha-samayaṃ nivāsetvā patta-cīvaraṃ ādāya attadutiyo kusināraṃ pāvisi.|| ||

[159] Tena kho pana samayena kosinārakā mallā santhāgāre sanni-patitā honti ten’eva karaṇīyena.|| ||

Atha kho āyasmā Ānando yena kosinārakānaṃ mallānaṃ santhāgāraṃ ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā kosinārakānaṃ mallānaṃ ārocesi: “parinibbuto vāsiṭṭhā Bhagavā,|| yassa dāni kālaṃ maññathā” ti.|| ||

Idamāyasmato Ānandassa vacanaṃ sutvā mallā ca mallaputtā ca mallasuṇisā ca mallapajāpatiyo ca aghāvino dummanā ceto dukkhasamappitā appekacce kese pakiriya kandanti,|| bāhā paggayha kandanti,|| chinnapātaṃ patanti āvaṭṭanti vivaṭṭanti atikhippaṃ Bhagavā parinibbuto,|| atikhippaṃ Sugato parinibbuto,|| atikhippaṃ cakkhu loke antara-hitanti.”|| ||

114. Atha kho kosinārakā mallā purise āṇāpesuṃ “tenahi bhaṇe kusinārāyaṃ gandhamālañca sabbañ ca tā’āvacaraṃ sannipātethā” ti.|| ||

Atha kho kosinārakā mallā gandhamālañca sabbañ ca tā’āvacaraṃ pañca ca dussayugasatāni ādāya yena upavattanaṃ mallānaṃ sāla-vanaṃ yena Bhagavato sarīraṃ ten’upasaṅkamiṃsu.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā Bhagavato sarīraṃ naccehi gītehi vāditehi mālehi gandhehi sakkarontā garu-karontā mānentā pūjentā celavitānāni karontā maṇḍala-māḷe paṭiyādentā ‘ekadivasaṃ vītināmesuṃ.|| ||

Atha kho kosinārakānaṃ mallānaṃ etad ahosi.|| ||

‘Ativikālo kho ajja Bhagavato sarīraṃ jhāpetuṃ,|| svedāni mayaṃ Bhagavato sarīraṃ naccehi gītehi vāditehi mālehi gandhehi sakkarontā garu-karontā mānentā pūjentā celavitānāni karontā maṇḍala-māḷe paṭiyādentā|| dutiyam pi divasaṃ vītināmesuṃ,|| tatiyam pi divasaṃ vītināmesuṃ,|| catuttham pi divasaṃ vītināmesu,|| pañcamam pi divasaṃ vītināmesu,|| chaṭṭham pi divasaṃ vītināmesuṃ atha kho sattamaṃ divasaṃ kosinārakānaṃ mallānaṃ [160] etad ahosi: mayaṃ Bhagavato sarīraṃ naccehi gītehi vāditehi mālehi gandhehi sakkarontā garu-karontā mānentā pūjentā,|| dakkhiṇena dakkhiṇaṃ nagarassa haritvā bāhirena bāhiraṃ dakkhiṇato nagarassa Bhagavato sarīraṃ jhāpessāmā’ ti.|| ||

Tena kho pana samayena aṭṭha mallapāmokkhā sīsaṃ nahātā ahatāni vatthāni nivatthā ‘mayaṃ Bhagavato sarīraṃ uccāressāmā’ti nasakkonti uccāretuṃ.|| ||

Atha kho kosinārakā mallā āyasmantaṃ Anuruddhaṃ etad avocuṃ: ko nu kho bhante Anuruddha hetu ko paccayo yenime aṭṭha mallapāmokkhā sīsaṃ nahātā ahatāni vatthāni nivatthā ‘mayaṃ Bhagavato sarīraṃ uccāressāmāti na Sakkonti uccāretunti?” “Aññathā kho vāsiṭṭhā tumhākaṃ adhippāyo,|| aññathā devatānaṃ adhippāyo” ti.|| ||

“Kathā pana bhante devatānaṃ adhippāyo” ti.|| ||

“Tumhākaṃ kho vāsiṭṭhā adhippāyo: “mayaṃ Bhagavato sarīraṃ naccehi gītehi vāditehi mālehi gandhehi sakkarontā garu-karontā mānentā pūjentā dakkhiṇena dakkhiṇaṃ nagarassa haritvā,|| bāhirena bāhiraṃ dakkhiṇato nagarassa Bhagavato sarīraṃ jhāpessāmā” ti.|| ||

Devatānaṃ kho vāsiṭṭhā adhippāyo “mayaṃ Bhagavato sarīraṃ dibbehi naccehi gītehi vāditehi mālehi gandhehi sakkarontā garu-karontā mānentā pūjentā,|| uttarena uttaraṃ nagarassa haritvā,|| uttarena dvārena nagaraṃ pavesetvā,|| majjhena majjhaṃ nagarassa haritvā,|| puratthimena dvārena nikkhāmetvā,|| puratthimato nagarassa makuṭabandhanaṃ nāma mallānaṃ cetiyaṃ,|| ettha Bhagavato sarīraṃ jhāpessāmā” ti.|| ||

“Yathā bhante devatānaṃ adhippāyo,|| tathā hotu” ti.|| ||

116. Tena kho pana samayena kusinārā yāva sandhisamalasaṃkaṭīrā jaṇṇumattena odhinā mandāravapupphehi satthatā hoti atha kho devatā ca kosinārakā ca mallā Bhagavato sarīraṃ dibbehi ca mānusakehi ca [161] naccehi gītehi vāditehi mālehi gandhehi sakkarontā garu-karontā mānentā pūjentā,|| uttarena uttaraṃ nagarassa haritvā uttarena dvārena nagaraṃ pavesetvā,|| majjhena majjhaṃ nagarassa haritvā,|| puratthimena dvārena ni-k-khamitvā,|| puratthimato nagarassa makuṭabandhanaṃ nāma mallānaṃ cetiyaṃ,|| tattha Bhagavato sarīraṃ nikkhipiṃsu.|| ||

117. Atha kho kosinārakā mallā āyasmantaṃ Ānandaṃ etad avocuṃ: “kathaṃ mayaṃ bhante Ānanda Tathāgatassa sarīre paṭipajjāmā” ti?|| ||

“Yathā kho vāsiṭṭhā rañño cakka-vattissa sarīre paṭipajjatti,|| evaṃ Tathāgatassa sarīre paṭipajjitabban” ti.|| ||

“Kathaṃ pana bhante Ānanda rañño cakka-vattissa sarīre paṭipajjintī” ti.|| ||

“Raññe vāsiṭṭhā cakka-vattissa sarīraṃ ahatena vatthena veṭhenti,|| ahatena vatthena veṭhetvā vihatena kappāsena veṭhenti.|| ||

Vihatena kappāsena veṭhetvā ahatena vatthena veṭhenti.|| ||

Etena upāyena pañcahi yugasatehi rañño cakka-vattissa sarīraṃ veṭhetvā āyasāya teladoṇiyā pakkhipitvā aññissā āyasāya doṇiyā paṭikujchetvā,|| sabbagandhānaṃ citakaṃ karitvā rañño cakka-vattissa sarīraṃ jhāpenti.|| ||

Cātummahā-pathe rañño cakka-vattissa thūpaṃ karonti.|| ||

Evaṃ kho vāsiṭṭhā rañño cakka-vattissa sarīre paṭipajjanti.|| ||

Yathā kho vāsiṭṭhā rañño cakka-vattissa sarīre paṭipajjanti,|| evaṃ Tathāgatassa sarīre paṭipajjitabbaṃ.|| ||

Cātummahā-pathe Tathāgatassa thūpo kātabbo.|| ||

Tattha ye mālaṃ vā gandhaṃ vā cuṇṇakaṃ vā āropessanti vā abhivādessanti vā cittaṃ vā pasādessanti,|| tesantaṃ bhavissati dīgha-rattaṃ hitāya sukhāyā” ti.|| ||

Atha kho kosinārakā mallā purise āṇāpesuṃ “tena hi bhaṇe mallānaṃ vihataṃ kappāsaṃ sannipātethā” ti.|| ||

Atha kho kosinārakā mallā Bhagavato sarīraṃ ahatena vatthena veṭhesuṃ.|| ||

Ahatena vatthena veṭhetvā vihatena kappāsena veṭhesuṃ.|| ||

Vihatena kappāsena veṭhetvā ahatena [162] vatthena veṭhesuṃ.|| ||

Etena upāyena pañcahi yugasatehi Bhagavato sarīraṃ veṭhetvā āyasāya teladoṇiyā pakkhipitvā1 aññissā āyasāya doṇiyā paṭikujchetvā sabbagandhānaṃ citakaṃ karitvā Bhagavato sarīraṃ citakaṃ āropesuṃ.|| ||

MahāKassapāgamanaṃ.|| ||

118. Tena kho pana samayen’āyasmā Mahā-Kassapo pāvāya kusināraṃ addhāna-magga-paṭipanno hoti mahatā bhikkhu-saṅghena saddhiṃ pañca-mattehi bhikkhu-satehi.|| ||

Atha kho āyasmā Mahā-Kassapo maggā okkamma aññatarasmiṃ rukkha-mūle nisīdi.|| ||

Tena kho pana samayena aññataro ājīvako kusinārāya mandāravapupphaṃ gahetvā pāvaṃ addhāna-magga-paṭipanno hoti.|| ||

Addasā kho āyasmā Mahā-Kassapo taṃ ājīvakaṃ dūrato’va āga-c-chantaṃ.|| ||

Disvā taṃ ājīvakaṃ etad avoca: ‘apāvuso amhākaṃ Satthāraṃ jānāstī” ti?|| ||

Āma āvuso jānāmi.|| ||

Ajja sattāhaparinibbuto Samaṇo Gotamo.|| ||

Tato me idaṃ mandāravapupphaṃ gahitanti”.|| ||

Tattha ye te bhikkhu avīta-rāgā appekacce bāhā paggayha kandanti,|| chinnapātaṃ patanti,|| āvaṭṭanti vivaṭṭanti: atikhippaṃ Bhagavā parinibbuto,|| atikhippaṃ Sugato parinibbuto,|| atikhippaṃ cakkhu loke antara-hitanti,|| ye pana te bhikkhu vīta-rāgā,|| te satā sampajānā adhivāsenti: aniccā saṅkhārā,|| taṃ kutettha labbhā’ ti.|| ||

119. Tena kho pana samayena subhaddo nāma buḍḍhapabba-jito’ tassaṃ parisāyaṃ nisinno hoti.|| ||

Atha kho subhaddo,|| buḍḍhapabba-jito te bhikkhu etad avoca:|| ||

“Alaṃ āvuso mā sovittha,|| mā paridevittha.|| ||

Sumuttā mayaṃ tena mahāsamaṇena.|| ||

Upaddutā ca homa idaṃ vo kappati,|| idaṃ vo na kappatī” ti.|| ||

Idāni pana mayaṃ yaṃ icchissāma taṃ karissāma,|| yaṃ na icchissāma na taṃ karissāmā” ti.|| ||

Atha kho āyasmā Mahā-Kassapo bhikkhū āmantesi: ‘alaṃ āvuso mā sovittha,|| mā paridevittha.|| ||

Nanu [163] etaṃ āvuso Bhagavatā paṭigacce va akkhātaṃ: sabbeh’eva piyehi manāpehi nānābhāvo vinābhāvo aññathā-bhāvo.|| ||

Taṃ kutettha āvuso labbhā yan taṃ jātaṃ bhūtaṃ saṅkhataṃ paloka-dhammaṃ,|| taṃ Tathāgatassāpi sarīraṃ mā palujjīti n’etaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjatī” ti.|| ||

120. Tena kho pana samayena cattāro mallapāmokkhā sīsaṃ nahātā ahatāni vatthāni nivatthā mayaṃ Bhagavato citakaṃ ālimpessāmāti na Sakkonti ālimpetuṃ.|| ||

Atha kho kosinārakā mallā āyasmantaṃ Anuruddhaṃ etad avocuṃ: ko nu kho bhante Anuruddha hetu,|| ko paccayo,|| yenime cattāro mallapāmokkhā sīsaṃ nahātā ahatāni vatthāni nivatthā mayaṃ Bhagavato citakaṃ ālimpessāmāti na Sakkonti ālimpetunti”? “Aññathā kho vāsiṭṭhā devatānaṃ adhippāyo” ti.|| ||

“Kathaṃ pana bhante devatānaṃ adhippāyo” ti?|| ||

“Devatānaṃ kho vāsiṭṭhā adhippāyo: ayaṃ āyasmā Mahā-Kassapo pāvāya kusināraṃ addhāna-magga-paṭipanno mahatā bhikkhu-saṅghena saddhiṃ pañca-mattehi bhikkhu-satehi.|| ||

Na tāva Bhagavato citako pajjalissati yāvāyasmā Mahā-Kassapo Bhagavato pāde sirasā na vandissatī” ti.|| ||

“Yathā bhante devatānaṃ adhippāyo tathā hotu” ti.|| ||

121. Atha kho āyasmā Mahā-Kassapo yena kusinārā makuṭabandhanaṃ nāma mallānaṃ cetiyaṃ yena Bhagavato citako ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṃkamitvā ekaṃ saṃ cīvaraṃ katvā añjalimpaṇāmetvā ti-k-khattuṃ citakaṃ padakkhiṇaṃ katvā,|| pādato vivaritvā Bhagavato pāde sirasā vandi.|| ||

Tāni pi kho pañca bhikkhu-satāni ekaṃsaṃ cīvaraṃ katvā añjalimpaṇāmetvā ti-k-khattuṃ citakaṃ padakkhiṇaṃ katvā Bhagavato pāde sirasā vandiṃsu.|| ||

[164] vanditesu1 ca pan’āyasmatā mahākansapena tehi pi pañcahi bhikkhu-satehi,|| sayameva Bhagavato citako pajjali.|| ||

122. Jhāyamānassa kho pana Bhagavato sarīrassa,|| yaṃ ahosi chavīti vā cammanti mā maṃsanti vā naharū ti vā lasikā ti vā tassa n’eva chārikā paññāyittha,|| na masi.|| ||

Sārīrāneca avasissiṃsu.|| ||

Seyyathā pi nāma sapissa vā telassa vā jhāyamānassa n’eva chārikā paññāyati na masi,|| evam eva Bhagavato sarirassa jhāyamānassa yaṃ ahosi chavīti vā cammanti vā maṃsanti vā nahārūti vā lasikāti vā tassa n’eva chārikā paññāyittha’na masi,|| sārīrān’eva avasissiṃsu.|| ||

tesañ ca pañcannaṃ dussayugasatānaṃ dveva dussāni na ḍayhiṃsu yañ ca sabbabbhantarimaṃ yañ ca bāhiraṃ.|| ||

Daḍḍhe ca kho pana Bhagavato sarīre anta’ikkhā udakadhārā pātu-bhavitvā Bhagavato citakaṃ nibbāpesi.|| ||

Udakaṃ sālato pi abbhunnamitvā Bhagavato citakaṃ nibbāpesi.|| ||

Kosinārakā pi mallā sabbagandhodakena Bhagavato citakaṃ nibbāpesuṃ.|| ||

Atha kho kosinārakā mallā Bhagavato sārīrāni sattāhaṃ santhāgāre sattipañjaraṃ karitvā dhanupākāraṃ parikkhipāpetvā naccehi gītehi vāditehi mālehi gandhehi sakkariṃsu garukariṃsu mānesuṃ pūjesuṃ.|| ||

Sārīrikadhātuvibhajanā|| ||

122. Assosi kho rājā Māgadho Ajātasattu Vedehiputto: “Bhagavā kira kusinārāyaṃ parinibbuto” ti.|| ||

Atha kho rājā Māgadho: Ajātasattu Vedehiputto kosinārakānaṃ mallānaṃ dūtaṃ pāhesi:|| ||

“Bhagavā pi khattiyo aham pi khattiyo.|| ||

Aham pi arahāmi Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ bhāgaṃ,|| aham pi Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ thūpañca mahañca karissāmī” ti.|| ||

Assosuṃ kho Vesālikā licchavī:|| ||

‘Bhagavā kira kusinārāyaṃ parinibbuto’ ti.|| ||

Atha kho Vesālikā licchavī kosinārakānaṃ mallānaṃ dūtaṃ pāhesuṃ:|| ||

“Bhagavā pi khattiyo mayam pi khattiyā.|| ||

Mayam pi arahāma Bhagavato [165] sārīrānaṃ bhāgaṃ.|| ||

Mayam pi Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ thūpañca mahañca karissāmā” ti.|| ||

Assosuṃ kho Kāpilavatthavā Sakkā:|| ||

“Bhagavā kira kusinārāyaṃ parinibbuto” ti.|| ||

Atha kho Kāpilavatthavā Sakkā kosinārakānaṃ mallānaṃ dūtaṃ pāhesuṃ:|| ||

“Bhagavā amhākaṃ ñātiseṭṭho.|| ||

Mayam pi arahāma Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ bhāgaṃ.|| ||

Mayam pi Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ thūpañ ca mahañ ca karissāmā” ti.|| ||

Assosuṃ kho allakappakā bulayo:|| ||

“Bhagavā kira kusinārāyaṃ parinibbuto” ti.|| ||

Atha kho allakappakā bulayo kosinārakānaṃ mallānaṃ dūtaṃ pāhesuṃ:|| ||

“Bhagavā pi khattiyo mayam pi khattiyā mayam pi arahāma Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ bhāgaṃ.|| ||

Mayam pi Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ thūpañ ca mahañ ca karissāmā” ti.|| ||

Assosuṃ kho rāmagāmakā Koliyā “Bhagavā kira kusinārāyaṃ parinibbuto” ti.|| ||

Atha kho rāmagāmakā Koliyā kosinārakānaṃ mallānaṃ dūtaṃ pāhesuṃ:|| ||

“Bhagavā pi khattiyo,|| mayam pi khattiyā.|| ||

Mayam pi arahāma Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ bhāgaṃ.|| ||

Mayam pi Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ thūpañca mahañca karissāmā” ti.|| ||

Assosi kho veṭhadīpako brāhmaṇo: “Bhagavā kira kusinārāyaṃ parinibbuto” ti.|| ||

Atha kho veṭhadīpako brāhmaṇo kosinārakānaṃ mallānaṃ dūtaṃ pāhesi:|| ||

“Bhagavā tu khattiyo.|| ||

Aham asmi brāhmaṇo,|| aham pi arahāmi Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ bhāgaṃ.|| ||

Aham pi Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ thūpañ ca mahañ ca karissāmī” ti.|| ||

Assosuṃ kho pāveyyakā mallā “Bhagavā kira kusinārāyaṃ parinibbuto” ti.|| ||

Atha kho pāveyyakā mallā kosinārakānaṃ mallānaṃ dūtaṃ pāhesuṃ.|| ||

Bhagavā pi khattiyo mayam pi khattiyā.|| ||

Mayam pi arahāma Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ bhāgaṃ,|| mayam pi Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ thūpañca mahañca karissāmāti.|| ||

Evaṃ vutte kosinārakā mallā te saṅghe gaṇe etad avocuṃ,|| [166] Bhagavā amhākaṃ gāmakkhette parinibbuto,|| na mayaṃ dassāma Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ bhāganti.|| ||

123. Evaṃ vutte doṇo brāhmaṇo te saṅghe gaṇe etad avoca:|| ||

Suṇantu bhonto mama ekavākyaṃ.|| ||

Amhākaṃ Buddho ahu khantivādo.|| ||

Na hi sādhu’yaṃ uttamapuggalassa|| ||

Sarīrabhāge siyā sampahāro.|| ||

Sabbe va bhonto sahitā samaggā|| ||

Sammodamānā karomaṭṭhabhāge.|| ||

Vitthārikā hontu disāsu thūpā|| ||

Bahū janā cakkhu-mato pasannā” ti.|| ||

124. “Tena hi brāhmaṇa tvaṃ yeva Bhagavato sārīrāni aṭṭhadhā samaṃ su-vibhattaṃ vibhajāhī” ti.|| ||

“Evaṃ ho” ti kho doṇo brāhmaṇo tesaṃ saṅghānaṃ gaṇānaṃ paṭi-s-sutvā Bhagavato sārīrāni aṭṭhadhā samaṃ su-vibhattaṃ vibhajitvā te saṅghe gaṇe etad avoca: “imaṃ me bhonto tumbaṃ dadantu,|| aham pi tumbassa thūpañca mahañca karissāmī” ti.|| ||

Adaṃsu kho te doṇassa brāhmaṇassa tumbaṃ.|| ||

Assosuṃ kho pippalivaniyā moriyā: “Bhagavā kira kusinārāyaṃ parinibbuto’ ti.|| ||

Atha kho pippalivaniyā moriyā kosinārakānaṃ mallānaṃ dūtaṃ pāhesuṃ: Bhagavā pi khattiyo mayam pi khattiyā.|| ||

Mayam pi arahāma Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ bhāgaṃ,|| mayam pi Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ thūpañca mahañca karissāmā’ ti.|| ||

“N’atthi Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ bhāgo,|| vibhattāṇa Bhagavato sārīrāni,|| ito aṅgāraṃ harathā” ti.|| ||

Te tato aṅgāraṃ hariṃsu:|| ||

Dhātucetiya pūjā|| ||

124. Atha kho rājā Māgadho Ajātasattu Vedehiputto Rājagahe Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ thūpañca mahañca akāsi.|| ||

[167] Vesālikā pi licchavī Vesāliyaṃ Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ thūpañca mahañca akaṃsu.|| ||

Kāpilavatthavā pi Sakkā Kapilavatthusmiṃ Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ thūpañca mahañca akaṃsu.|| ||

Allakappakā pi bulayo allakappe Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ thūpañca mahañca akaṃsu.|| ||

Rāmagāmakā pi Koliyā rāmagāme Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ thūpañca mahañca akaṃsu.|| ||

Veṭhadīpako pi brāhmaṇo veṭhadīpe Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ thūpañca mahañca akāsi.|| ||

Pāveyyakā pi mallā Pāvāyaṃ Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ thūpañca mahañca akaṃsu.|| ||

Kosinārakā pi mallā kusinārāyaṃ Bhagavato sārīrānaṃ thūpañca mahañca akaṃsu.|| ||

Doṇo pi brāhmaṇo tumbassa thūpañca mahañca akāsi.|| ||

Pippalivaniyā pi moriyā pippalivane aṅgārānaṃ thūpañca mahañca akaṃsu.|| ||

Iti aṭṭha sarīrathūpā navamo tumbathūpo dasamo aṅgārathūpo.|| ||

evam etaṃ bhūta-pubbanti.|| ||

125. “Aṭṭha doṇā1 cakkhu-mato sarīrā,|| ||

Sattadoṇaṃ Jambudīpe mahenti,|| ||

Ekañca doṇaṃ purisavaruttamassa|| ||

Rāmagāme nāga-rājā mahenti.|| ||

Ekā hi dāṭhā tidivehi pūjitā ekā pana gandhārapure mahīyati,|| ||

Kāliṅgarañño vijite punekaṃ ekaṃ puna nāga-rājā mahenti.|| ||

Tass’eva tejena ayaṃ vasundharā|| ||

Āyāgaseṭṭhehi mahī alaṃkatā|| ||

Evaṃ imaṃ cakkhu-mato sarīraṃ|| ||

Susakkataṃ sakkatasakkatehi.|| ||

[168] devindanāgindanarinda pūjito|| ||

Manussaseṭṭhehi tath’eva pūjito,|| ||

Taṃ2 vandatha pañjalikā bhavitvā|| ||

Buddho bhave kappa-satehi dullabho’ ti.|| ||

Cattā’īsa samā dantā kesā lomā ca sabbaso,|| ||

Devā hariṃsu ekekaṃ cakkavāḷaparamparā” ti.|| ||

Mahāpari-Nibbānasuttaṃ tatiyaṃ.|| ||

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