MN 44. Cūḷa Vedalla Suttaṃ

Phần I  –  Phần II  –  Phần III


Majjhima Nikāya
1. Mūla-Paṇṇāsa
5. Cūḷa Yamaka Vagga

Sutta 44

Adapted from the 1995 edition of the digital version of the Sri Lanka Buddha Jayanti Tripitaka Series.

 


[299]

[1][wrrn][chlm][pts][than][upal] Evaṃ me sutaṃ:|| ||

Ekaṃ samayaṃ Bhagavā Rājagahe viharati||
Veḷuvane Kalandakanivāpe.|| ||

Atha kho Visākho upāsako yena Dhammadinnā bhikkhunī ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṅkamitvā Dhammadinnaṃ bhikkhuniṃ abhivādetvā eka-m-antaṃ nisīdi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ nisinno kho Visākho upāsako Dhammadinnaṃ bhikkhuniṃ etad avoca:|| ||

[2][than]. “Sakkāyo sakkāyo ti ayye vuccati.|| ||

Katamo nu kho ayye sakkāyo vutto Bhagavatā” ti?|| ||

“Pañca kho ime āvuso Visākha upādāna-k-khandhā sakkāyo vutto Bhagavatā.|| ||

Seyyath’īdaṃ:||
rūp’ūpādāna-k-khandho||
vedan’ūpādāna-k-khandho||
saññ’ūpādāna-k-khandho||
saṅkhār’ūpādāna-k-khandho||
viññāṇ’ūpādāna-k-khandho.|| ||

Ime kho āvuso Visākha pañc’upādāna-k-khandhā sakkāyo vutto Bhagavatā” ti.|| ||

“Sādhu ayye” ti kho Visākho upāsako Dhammadinnāya bhikkhuniyā bhāsitaṃ abhinan’ditvā anumo-ditvā Dhammadinnaṃ bhikkhuniṃ uttariṃ pañhaṃ āpucchi:|| ||

[3][than]. “‘Sakkāyasamudayo sakkāya-samudayo’ ti ayye vuccati.|| ||

Katamo nu kho ayye sakkāya-samudayo vutto Bhagavatā” ti?|| ||

“Yā’yaṃ āvuso Visākha taṇhā pono-bhavikā nandi-rāga-sahagatā tatra tatr-ā-bhinandinī.|| ||

Seyyath’īdaṃ:||
kāma-taṇhā||
bhava-taṇhā||
vibhava-taṇhā.|| ||

Ayaṃ kho āvuso Visākha sakkāya-samudayo vutto Bhagavatā” ti.|| ||

[4][than]. “‘Sakkāyanirodho sakkāya-nirodho’ ti ayye vuccati.|| ||

Katamo nu kho ayye sakkāya-nirodho vutto Bhagavatā” ti?|| ||

“Yo kho āvuso Visākha tassā yeva taṇhāya asesa-virāga-nirodho cāgo paṭinissaggo mutti anālayo.|| ||

Ayaṃ kho āvuso Visākha sakkāya-nirodho vutto Bhagavatā” ti.|| ||

[5][than]. “‘Sakkāya-nirodha-gāminī paṭipadā sakkāya-nirodha-gāminī-paṭipadā’ ti ayye vuccati.|| ||

Katamā nu kho ayye sakkāya-nirodha-gāminī-paṭipadā vuttā Bhagavatā” ti?|| ||

“Ayam eva kho āvuso Visākha Ariyo Aṭṭhaṅgiko Maggo sakkāya-nirodha-gāminī-paṭipadā vuttā Bhagavatā.|| ||

Seyyath’īdaṃ:||
sammā diṭṭhi||
sammā saṅkappo||
sammā vācā||
sammā kammanto||
sammā ājīvo||
sammā vāyāmo||
sammā sati||
sammā samādhi” ti.|| ||

[6][than] “Tañ’ñeva nu kho ayye upādānaṃ te pañc’upādāna-k-khandhā,||
udāhu aññatra pañcah’upādāna-k-khandhehi upādānan” ti?|| ||

“Na kho āvuso Visākha tañ’ñeva upādānaṃ te pañc’upādāna-k-khandhā,||
[300] na pi aññatra pañcah’upādāna-k-khandhehi upādānaṃ.|| ||

Yo kho āvuso Visākha pañcas’upādāna-k-khandhesu chanda-rāgo,||
taṃ tattha upādānan” ti.|| ||

[7][than]. “Kathaṃ pan’ayye sakkāya-diṭṭhi hotī” ti?|| ||

“Idh’āvuso Visākha a-s-sutavā puthujjano ariyānaṃ adassāvī ariya-Dhammassa akovido ariya-Dhamme avinīto,||
sappurisānaṃ adassāvī sappurisa-Dhammassa akovido sappurisa-Dhamme avinīto||
rūpaṃ attato samanupassati,||
rūpa-vantaṃ vā attāṇaṃ,||
attani vā rūpaṃ,||
rūpasmiṃ vā attāṇaṃ;||
vedanaṃ attato samanupassati,||
vedanā-vantaṃ vā attāṇaṃ,||
attani vā vedanaṃ,||
vedanāya vā attāṇaṃ;||
saññaṃ attato samanupassati,||
saññā vantaṃ vā attāṇaṃ,||
attani vā saññaṃ,||
saññāya vā attāṇaṃ;||
saṅkhāre attato samanupassati,||
saṅkhāra-vantaṃ vā attāṇaṃ,||
attani vā saṅkhāre,||
saṅkhāresu vā attāṇaṃ;||
viññāṇaṃ attato samanupassati,||
viññāṇa-vantaṃ vā attāṇaṃ,||
attani vā viññāṇaṃ,||
viññāṇasmiṃ vā attāṇaṃ.|| ||

Evaṃ kho āvuso Visākha sakkāya-diṭṭhi hotī” ti.|| ||

[8][than] “Kathaṃ pan’ayye sakkāya-diṭṭhi na hotī” ti?|| ||

“Idh’āvuso Visākha sutavā ariya-sāvako ariyānaṃ dassāvī ariya-Dhammassa kovido ariya-Dhamme suvinīto,||
sappurisānaṃ dassāvī sappurisa-Dhammassa kovido sappurisa-Dhamme suvinīto||
na rūpaṃ attato samanupassati,||
na rūpa-vantaṃ vā attāṇaṃ,||
na attani vā rūpaṃ,||
na rūpasmiṃ vā attāṇaṃ;||
na vedanaṃ attato samanupassati,||
na vedanā-vantaṃ vā attāṇaṃ,||
na attani vā vedanaṃ,||
vedanāya vā attāṇaṃ;||
na saññaṃ attato samanupassati,||
na saññā vantaṃ vā attāṇaṃ,||
na attani vā saññaṃ,||
na saññāya vā attāṇaṃ;||
na saṅkhāre attato samanupassati,||
na saṅkhāra-vantaṃ vā attāṇaṃ,||
na attani vā saṅkhāre,||
na saṅkhāresu vā attāṇaṃ;||
na viññāṇaṃ attato samanupassati,||
na viññāṇa-vantaṃ vā attāṇaṃ,||
na attani vā viññāṇaṃ,||
na viññāṇasmiṃ vā attāṇaṃ.|| ||

Evaṃ kho āvuso Visākha sakkāya-diṭṭhi na hotī” ti.|| ||

[9][than] “Katamo pan’ayye Ariyo Aṭṭhaṅgiko Maggo” ti?|| ||

“Ayam’eva kho āvuso Visākha Ariyo Aṭṭhaṅgiko Maggo.|| ||

Seyyath’īdaṃ:||
sammā diṭṭhi||
sammā saṅkappo||
sammā vācā||
sammā kammanto||
sammā ājīvo||
sammā vāyāmo||
sammā sati||
sammā samādhī” ti.|| ||

[10][than]. “Ariyo pan’ayye aṭṭhaṅgiko Maggo saṅkhato udāhu asaṅkhato” ti?|| ||

“Ariyo kho āvuso Visākha aṭṭhaṅgiko Maggo [301] saṅkhato” ti.|| ||

[11][than]. “Ariyena nu kho ayye aṭṭhaṅgikena maggena tayo khandhā saṅgahītā,||
udāhu tīhi khandhehi Ariyo Aṭṭhaṅgiko Maggo saṅgahīto” ti?|| ||

“Na kho āvuso Visākha ariyena aṭṭhaṅgikena maggena tayo khandhā saṅgahītā.|| ||

Tīhi ca kho āvuso Visākha khandhehi Ariyo Aṭṭhaṅgiko Maggo saṅgahīto:||
yā c’āvuso Visākha sammā-vācā,||
yo ca sammā-kammanto,||
yo ca sammā ājīvo,||
ime dhammā sīla-k-khandhe saṅgahītā.|| ||

Yo ca sammā-vāyāmo,||
yā ca sammā-sati,||
yo ca sammā-samādhi,||
ime dhammā samādhi-k-khandhe saṅgahītā.|| ||

Yā ca sammā-diṭṭhi,||
yo ca sammā-saṅkappo,||
ime dhammā paññā-k-khandhe saṅgahītā” ti.|| ||

[12][than]. “Katamo pan’ayye samādhi?|| ||

Katame samādhinimittā,
katame samādhiparikkhārā,
katamā samādhibhāvanā” ti?|| ||

“Yā kho āvuso Visākha cittassa ek’aggatā ayaṃ samādhi.|| ||

Cattāro sati-paṭṭhānā samādhinimittā.|| ||

Cattāro samma-p-padhānā samādhiparikkhārā.|| ||

Yā tesaṃ yeva dhammānaṃ āsevanā bhāvanā bahulī-kammaṃ,||
ayaṃ tattha samādhi bhāvanā” ti.|| ||

[13][than]. “Kati pan’ayye saṅkhāra” ti?|| |||| ||

“Tayo ‘me āvuso Visākha saṅkhārā:
kāya-saṅkhāro||
vacī-saṅkhāro||
citta-saṅkhāro” ti.|| ||

[14][than]. “Katamo pan’ayye kāya-saṅkhāro,||
katamo vacī-saṅkhāro,||
katamo citta-saṅkhāro” ti?|| ||

“Assāsa-passāsā kho āvuso Visākha kāya-saṅkhāro.|| ||

Vitakkavicārā vacī-saṅkhāro.|| ||

Saññā ca vedanā ca citta-saṅkhāro” ti.|| ||

[15][than] “Kasmā pan’ayye assāsa-passāsā kāya-saṅkhāro?|| ||

Kasmā vitakka-vicārā vacī-saṅkhāro?|| ||

Kasmā saññā ca vedanā ca citta-saṅkhāro” ti?|| ||

Assāsa-passāsā kho āvuso Visākha kāyikā ete dhammā kāya-paṭibaddhā.|| ||

Tasmā assāsa-passāsā kāya-saṅkhāro.|| ||

Pubbe kho āvuso Visākha vitakketvā vicāretvā pacchā vācaṃ bhindati.|| ||

Tasmā vitakka-vicārā vacī-saṅkhāro.|| ||

Saññā ca vedanā ca cetasikā ete dhammā cittapaṭibaddhā.|| ||

Tasmā saññā ca vedanā ca citta-saṅkhāro” ti.|| ||

[16][than] “Kathañ ca pan’ayye saññā-vedayita-nirodha-samāpatti hotī” ti?|| ||

“Na kho āvuso Visākha saññā-vedayita-nirodhaṃ samāpajjantassa bhikkhuno evaṃ hoti:
‘Ahaṃ saññā-vedayita-nirodhaṃ samāpajjissan’ ti vā,||
‘Ahaṃ saññā-vedayita-nirodhaṃ samāpajjāmī’ ti vā,||
‘Ahaṃ saññā-vedayita-nirodham samāpanno’ ti vā,||
atha khvāssa pubbe va tathā cittaṃ bhāvitaṃ hoti yan taṃ tathattāya upanetī” ti.|| ||

[17][than] “Saññā-vedayita-nirodhaṃ [302] samāpajjantassa pan’ayye bhikkhuno katame dhammā paṭhamaṃ nirujjhanti:||
yadi vā kāya-saṅkhāro||
yadi vā vacī-saṅkhāro||
yadi vā citta-saṅkhāro” ti?|| ||

“Saññā-vedayita-nirodhaṃ samāpajjantassa kho āvuso Visākha bhikkhuno paṭhamaṃ nirujjhati vacī-saṅkhāro,||
tato kāya-saṅkhāro,||
tato citta-saṅkhāro” ti.|| ||

[18][than] “Kathañ ca pan’ayye saññā-vedayita-nirodha-samāpattiyā vuṭṭhānaṃ hotī” ti?|| ||

“Na kho āvuso Visākha saññā-vedayita-nirodha-samāpattiyā vuṭṭhahantassa bhikkhuno evaṃ hoti:||
‘Ahaṃ saññā-vedayita-nirodha-samāpattiyā vuṭṭhahi’ssan’ ti vā||
‘Ahaṃ saññā-vedayita-nirodha-samāpattiyā vuṭṭhahāmī’ ti vā||
‘Ahaṃ saññā-vedayita-nirodha-samāpattiyā vuṭṭhito’ ti vā||
atha khvāssa pubbe va tathā cittaṃ bhāvitaṃ hoti yan taṃ tathattāya upanetī” ti|| ||

[19][than]. “Saññā-vedayita-nirodha-samāpattiyā vuṭṭhahantassa pan’ayye bhikkhuno katame dhammā paṭhamaṃ uppajjanti,||
yadi vā kāya-saṅkhāro,||
yadi vā vacī-saṅkhāro,||
yadi vā citta-saṅkhāro” ti?|| ||

“Saññā-vedayita-nirodha-samāpattiyā vuṭṭhahantassa kho āvuso Visākha bhikkhuno||
paṭhamaṃ uppajjati citta-saṅkhāro,||
tato kāya-saṅkhāro,||
tato vacī-saṅkhāro” ti.|| ||

[20][than] “Saññā-vedayita-nirodha-samāpattiyā vuṭṭhitaṃ pan’ayye bhikkhuṃ kati phassā phusantī” ti?|| ||

“Saññā-vedayita-nirodha-samāpattiyā vuṭṭhitaṃ kho āvuso Visākha bhikkhuṃ tayo phassā phusanti:||
suññato phasso,||
animitto phasso,||
appaṇihito phasso” ti.|| ||

[21][than] “Saññā-vedayita-nirodha-samāpattiyā vuṭṭhitassa pan’ayye bhikkhuno kiṃ-ninnaṃ cittaṃ hoti kiṃ-poṇaṃ kiṃ-pabbhāran” ti?|| ||

“Saññā-vedayita-nirodha-samāpattiyā vuṭṭhitassa kho āvuso Visākha bhikkhuno||
viveka-ninnaṃ cittaṃ hoti||
viveka-poṇaṃ||
viveka-pabbhāran” ti.|| ||

[22][bit][than] “Kati pan’ayye vedanā” ti?|| ||

“Tisso kho imā āvuso Visākha vedanā:||
sukhā vedanā||
dukkhā vedanā||
adukkha-m-asukhā vedanā” ti.|| ||

[23][than]. “Katamā pan’ayye sukhā vedana,||
katamā dukkhā vedanā||
katamā adukkha-m-asukhā vedanā” ti?|| ||

“Yaṃ kho āvuso Visākha kāyikaṃ vā||
cetasikaṃ vā||
sukhaṃ||
sātaṃ||
vedayitaṃ||
ayaṃ||
sukhā||
vedanā.|| ||

Yaṃ kho āvuso Visākha kāyikaṃ vā||
cetasikaṃ vā||
dukkhaṃ||
asātaṃ||
vedayitaṃ||
ayaṃ||
dukkhā||
vedanā.|| ||

Yaṃ kho āvuso Visākha kāyikaṃ vā||
cetasikaṃ vā||
n’eva sātaṃ-nāsātaṃ vedayitaṃ||
ayaṃ adukkha- [303] m-asukhā vedanā” ti.|| ||

[24][than] Sukhā pan’ayye vedanā kiṃ-sukhā kiṃ-dukkhā,||
dukkhā vedanā kiṃ-dukkhā kiṃ-sukhā,||
adukkha-m-asukhā vedanā kiṃ-sukhā kiṃ-dukkhā ti?|| ||

Sukhā kho āvuso Visākha vedanā ṭhiti-sukhā vipariṇāma-dukkhā,||
dukkhā vedanā ṭhiti-dukkhā vipariṇāma-sukhā,||
adukkha-m-asukhā vedanā ñāṇa-sukhā aññāṇ-dukkhā” ti.|| ||

[25][than] “Sukhāya pan’ayye vedanāya kiṃ-anusayo anuseti?|| ||

Dukkhāya vedanāya kiṃ anusayo anuseti?|| ||

Adukkha-m-asukhāya vedanāya kiṃ anusayo anusetī” ti?|| ||

Sukhāya kho āvuso Visākha vedanāya rāg-ā-nusayo anuseti.|| ||

Dukkhāya vedanāya paṭigh-ā-nusayo anuseti.|| ||

Adukkha-m-asukhāya vedanāya avijj-ā-nusayo anusetī” ti.|| ||

[26][than] “Sabbāya nu kho ayye sukhāya vedanāya rāg-ā-nusayo anuseti?|| ||

Sabbāya dukkhāya vedanāya paṭigh-ā-nusayo anuseti?|| ||

Sabbāya adukkha-m-asukhāya vedanāya avijj-ā-nusayo anusetī” ti?|| ||

“Na kho āvuso Visākha sabbāya sukhāya vedanāya rāg-ā-nusayo anuseti,||
na sabbāya dukkhāya vedanāya paṭigh-ā-nusayo anuseti,||
na sabbāya adukkha-m-asukhāya vedanāya avijj-ā-nusayo anusetī” ti.|| ||

[27][than] Sukhāya pan’ayye vedanāya kiṃ pahātabbaṃ?|| ||

Dukkhāya vedanāya kiṃ pahātabbaṃ?|| ||

Adukkha-m-asukhāya vedanāya kiṃ pahātabban” ti?|| ||

“Sukhāya kho āvuso Visākha vedanāya rāg-ā-nusayo pahātabbo.|| ||

Dukkhāya vedanāya paṭigh-ā-nusayo pahātabbo.|| ||

Adukkha-m-asukhāya vedanāya avijj-ā-nusayo pahātabbo” ti.|| ||

[28][than] “Sabbāya nu kho ayye sukhāya vedanāya rāg-ā-nusayo pahātabbo?|| ||

Sabbāya dukkhāya vedanāya paṭigh-ā-nusayo pahātabbo?|| ||

Sabbāya adukkha-m-asukhāya vedanāya avijj-ā-nusayo pahātabbo” ti?|| ||

“Na kho āvuso Visākha sabbāya sukhāya vedanāya rāg-ā-nusayo pahātabbo,||
na sabbāya dukkhāya vedanāya paṭigh-ā-nusayo pahātabbo,||
na sabbāya adukkha-m-asukhāya vedanāya avijj-ā-nusayo pahātabbo.|| ||

Idh’āvuso Visākha bhikkhu vivicc’eva kāmehi||
vivicca akusalehi dhammehi — ||
sa-vitakkaṃ sa-vicāraṃ —||
viveka-jaṃ pīti-sukhaṃ||
paṭhamaṃ-jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati,||
rāgan-tena pajahati,||
na tattha rāg-ā-nusayo anuseti.|| ||

Idh’āvuso Visākha bhikkhu iti paṭisaṅcikkhati:||
‘Kuda’ssu nāmāhaṃ tad’āyatanaṃ upasampajja viharissāmi||
yad’ariyā etarahi āyatanaṃ upassampajja viharanti’ ti,||
iti anuttaresu vimokhesu pihaṃ||
[304] upaṭṭhāpayato uppajjati pihāpaccayā domanassaṃ||
paṭighantena pajahati,||
na tattha paṭigh-ā-nusayo anuseti.|| ||

Idh’āvuso Visākha bhikkhu sukhassa ca pahānā||
dukkhassa ca pahānā||
pubbe va somanassa-domanassānaṃ attha-gamā —||
adukkha-ṃ-asukhaṃ —||
upekhā-sati-pārisuddhiṃ||
catutthaṃ jhānam upasampajja viharati,||
avijjan’tena pajahati,||
na tattha avijj-ā-nusayo anusetī” ti.|| ||

[29][than]. Sukhāya pan’ayye vedanāya kiṃ paṭibhāgo” ti?|| ||

“Sukhāya kho āvuso Visākha vedanāya dukkhā vedanā paṭibhāgo” ti.|| ||

“Dukkhāya pan’ayye vedanāya kiṃ paṭibhāgo” ti?|| ||

“Dukkhāya kho āvuso Visākha vedanāya sukhā vedanā paṭibhāgo” ti?|| ||

“Adukkha-m-asukhāya pan’ayye vedanāya kiṃ paṭibhāgo” ti?|| ||

“Adukkha-m-asukhāya kho āvuso Visākha vedanāya avijjā paṭibhāgo” ti.|| ||

“Avijjāya pan’ayye kiṃ paṭibhāgo” ti?|| ||

“Avijjāya kho āvuso Visākha vijjā paṭibhāgo” ti.|| ||

“Vijjāya pan’ayye kiṃ paṭibhāgo” ti?|| ||

“Vijjāya kho āvuso Visākha vimutti paṭibhāgo” ti.|| ||

“Vimuttiyā pan’ayye kiṃ paṭibhāgo” ti?|| ||

“Vimuttiyā kho āvuso Visākha Nibbānaṃ paṭibhāgo” ti.|| ||

“Nibbānassa pan’ayye kiṃ paṭibhāgo” ti?|| ||

“Accasarāvuso Visākha pañhaṃ||
nāsakkhi pañhānaṃ pariyan taṃ gahetuṃ.|| ||

Nibbān’ogadhaṃ hi āvuso Visākha Brahma-cariyaṃ Nibbānaparāyanaṃ Nibbānapariyosānaṃ.|| ||

Ākaṅkha-māno ca tvaṃ āvuso Visākha Bhagavantaṃ upasaṅkamitvā etam’atthaṃ puccheyyāsi,||
yathā ca te Bhagavā vyākaroti tathā naṃ dhāreyyāsī” ti.|| ||

[30][than] Atha kho Visākho upāsako Dhammadinnāya bhikkhuniyā bhāsitaṃ abhinan’ditvā anumo-ditvā uṭṭhāy’āsanā Dhammadinnaṃ bhikkhuniṃ abhivādetvā padakkhiṇaṃ katvā yena Bhagavā ten’upasaṅkami.|| ||

Upasaṅkamitvā Bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā eka-m-antaṃ nisīdi.|| ||

Eka-m-antaṃ nisinno kho Visākho upāsako yāvatako ahosi Dhammadinnāya bhikkhuniyā saddhiṃ kathā-sallāpo,||
taṃ sabbaṃ Bhagavato ārocesi.|| ||

Evaṃ vutte Bhagavā Visākhaṃ upāsakaṃ etad avoca:|| ||

“Paṇḍitā Visākha Dhammadinnā bhikkhunī,||
mahā-paññā Visākha Dhammadinnā bhikkhunī.|| ||

Mamañ-ce pi tvaṃ Visākha etam’atthaṃ puccheyyāsi,||
aham-pi taṃ evam’evaṃ vyākareyyaṃ
[305] yathā taṃ Dhammadinnāya bhikkhuniyā vyākataṃ,||
eso c’ev’etassa attho,||
evam’etaṃ dhārehī” ti.|| ||

Idam avoca Bhagavā.|| ||

Attamano Visākho upāsako Bhagavato bhāsitaṃ ‘abhinandī’ ti.|| ||

Cūḷa Vedalla Suttaṃ



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Tìm hiểu Kinh tạng Nikaya – Tâm học là cuốn sách Online giới thiệu về bộ kinh Nikaya , các bản dịch và chú giải được Tâm Học soạn từ các nguồn đáng tín cậy trên mạng internet.

Tuy nhiên đây vẫn là sách chỉ có giá trị tham khảo , mang tính chủ quan của tác giả  Tâm học.

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