Kinh Trường Bộ 20 Pali : Kinh Ðại hội (Mahàsamaya sutta)

Kinh Trường Bộ 20 Pali : Kinh Ðại hội (Mahàsamaya sutta)

Dīgha Nikāya

Sutta 20

Adapted from the digital version of the Sri Lanka Buddha Jayanti Tripitaka Series


[253]

[1][pts][piya][than] EVAṂ ME SUTAṂ.|| ||

Ekaṃ samayaṃ Bhagavā Sakkesu viharati Kapivatthusmiṃ Mahāvane mahatā bhikkhu-saṅghena saddhiṃ pañca-mattehi bhikkhu-satehi sabbeh’eva Arahantehi|| dasahi ca loka-dhātuhi devatā yebhuyyena sanni-patitā honti Bhagavantaṃ dassanāya bhikkhu-saṅghañ ca.|| ||

2. Atha kho catunnaṃ Suddhavāsakāyikānaṃ devatānaṃ etad ahosi:|| ||

‘Ayaṃ kho Bhagavā Sakkesu viharati Kapilavatthusmiṃ Mahāvane mahatā bhikkhu-saṅghena saddhiṃ pañca-mattehi bhikkhu-satehi sabbeh’eva Arahantehi dasahi ca loka-dhātūhī devatā yebhuyyena sanni-patitā honti Bhagavantaṃ dassanāya bhikkhu-saṅghañ ca.|| ||

Yan nūna mayam pi yena Bhagavā ten’upasaṅkameyyāma.|| Upasaṅkamitvā Bhagavato santike paccekaṃ gāthaṃ bhāseyyāmāti’.|| ||

3. Atha kho tā devatā seyyathā pi nāma balavā puriso samiñjitaṃ vā bāhaṃ pasāreyya,|| pasāritaṃ vā bāhaṃ [254] sammiñjeyya,|| evam evaṃ Suddhāvāsesu devesu antara-hitā Bhagavato purato pātur ahaṃsu.|| ||

Atha kho tā devatā Bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā eka-m-antaṃ aṭṭhaṃsu,|| eka-m-antaṃ ṭhitā kho ekā devatā Bhagavato santike imaṃ gāthaṃ abhāsi:|| ||

‘Mahā-samayo pavanasmiṃ deva-kāyā samāgatā,|| Āgat’amha imaṃ dhamma-samayaṃ dakkhitāye aparājita-Saṅghan’ ti.|| ||

Atha kho aparā devatā Bhagavato santike imaṃ gāthaṃ abhāsi:|| ||

‘Tatra bhikkhavo samādahaṃsu cittam attano ujukam akaṃsuṃsu,|| Sārathī va nettāni gahetvā indriyāni rakkhanti paṇḍitā’ ti.|| ||

Atha kho aparā devatā Bhagavato santike imaṃ gāthaṃ abhāsi:|| ||

Chetvā khīlaṃ chetvā palighaṃ Inda-khīlaṃ ūhacca-m-anejā,|| Te caranti suddhā vimalā cakkhu-matā sudantā susu-nāgā’ ti.|| ||

[255] Atha kho aparā devatā Bhagavato santike imaṃ gāthaṃ abhāsi:|| ||

‘Ye keci Buddhaṃ saraṇaṃ gatāse na te gamissanti apāyam,|| Pahāya mānusaṃ dehaṃ deva-kāyaṃ paripūressan’ ti.|| ||

4. Atha kho Bhagavā bhikkhu āmantesi:|| ‘Yebhuyyena bhikkhave dasasu loka-dhātū devatā sanni-patitā honti, Tathāgataṃ dassanāya bhikkhu-saṅghañ ca|| ||

Ye pi te bhikkhave ahesuṃ, atītam addhānaṃ Arahanto Sammā Sambuddhā,|| tesam pi Bhagavantānaṃ eta-paramā yeva devatā sanni-patitā ahesuṃ seyyathā pi mayhaṃ etarahi.|| ||

Ye pi te bhikkhave bhavissanti anāgatam addhānaṃ Arahanto Sammā Sambuddhā,|| tesam pi Bhagavantānaṃ eta-paramā yeva devatā sannipattā bhavissanti, seyyathā pi mayhaṃ etarahi.|| ||

Ācikkhissāmi bhikkhave deva-kāyānaṃ nāmāni,|| kittayissāmi bhikkhave deva-kāyānaṃ nāmāni,|| desissāmi bhikkhave deva-kāyānaṃ nāmāni.|| ||

Taṃ suṇātha sādhukaṃ manasi-karotha bhāsissāmi’ ti.|| ||

‘Evaṃ bhante’ ti kho te bhikkhū Bhagavato paccassosuṃ.|| ||

Bhagavā etad avoca:|| ||

5. Silokam anukassāmi; yattha bhummā tad assitā,|| Ye sītā giri-gabbharaṃ pahit’attā samāhitā|| Puthū sīhā va sallīnā lomahaṃsāhisambhuno|| Odāta-manasā suddhā vi-p-pasannā-m-anāvilā|| [256] Bhīyyo pañca-sate ñatvā vane Kāpilavatthave.|| Tato āmattayī Satthā sāvake sāsane rate:|| Deva-kāyā abhikkantā te vijānātha bhikkhavo.’|| Te ca ātappam akaruṃ sutvā Buddhassa sāsanaṃ.|| ||

6. Tesaṃ pātur ahu ñāṇaṃ amanussāna dassanaṃ|| App eke satam addakkhuṃ sahassaṃ atha sattatiṃ|| Sataṃ eke sahassānaṃ amanussānamaddasuṃ|| App eke’nantam addakkhuṃ, disā sabbā phuṭā ahu.|| Tañ ca sabbaṃ abhiññāya vavatthitvāna cakkhumā|| Tato āmantayī Satthā sāvake sāsane rate:|| ‘Deva-kāyā abhikkantā te vijānātha bhikkhavo,|| Ye vo’haṃ kittayissāmi girāhi anupubbaso.|| ||

7. Satta sahassā va yakkhā bhummā Kāpilavatthavā,|| Iddhimanto jutīmanto vaṇṇa-vanto yasassino|| Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.|| ||

Cha sahassā Hemavatā yakkhā nānatta-vaṇṇino.|| Iddhimanto jutīmanto vaṇṇa-vanto yasassino,|| Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.|| ||

Sātāgirā ti-sahassā yakkhā nānatta-vaṇṇino|| Iddhimanto jutīmanto vaṇṇa-vanto yasassino,|| Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.|| ||

Icc ete soḷasa-sahassā yakkhā nānatta-vaṇṇino|| Iddhimanto jutīmanto vaṇṇa-vanto yasassino,|| Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.|| ||

[257] 8. Vessāmittā pañca-satā yakkhā nānatta-vaṇṇino|| Iddhimanto jutīmanto vaṇṇa-vanto yasassino,|| Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.|| ||

Kumbhīro Rājagahiko Vepullassa nivesanaṃ,|| Bhiyyo naṃ sata-sahassaṃ yakkhānaṃ payirupāsati,|| Kumbhīro Rājagahiko so p’āga samitiṃ vanaṃ.|| ||

9. Purimañ ca disaṃ rājā Dhataraṭṭho pasāsati,|| Gandhabbānaṃ ādhipati Mahārājā yasassi so.|| Kumbhīra yak?o Rājagahe vipule’ samin nevāsika:|| Puttā pi tassa bahavo Inda-nāmā mahabbalā,|| Iddhimanto jutīmanto vaṇṇa-vanto yasassino,|| Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.|| ||

Dakkhiṇañ ca disaṃ rājā Virū’ho taṃ pasāsati|| Kumbhaṇḍānaṃ adhipati Mahārājā yasassi so.|| Puttā pi tassa bahavo Inda-nāmā mahabbalā,|| Iddhimanto jutīmanto vaṇṇa-vanto yasassino,|| Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.|| ||

Pacchimañ ca disaṃ rājā Virūpakkho pasāsati,|| Nāgāṇañ ca adhipati Mahārājā yasassi so.|| Puttā pi tassa bahavo Inda-nāmā mahabbalā,|| Iddhimanto jutīmanto vaṇṇa-vanto yasassino,|| Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.|| ||

Uttarañ ca disaṃ rājā Kuvero taṃ pasāsati|| Yakkhānañ va ādhipati Mahārājā yasassi so.|| [258] Puttā pi tassa bahavo Inda-nāmā mahabbalā,|| Iddhimanto jutīmanto vaṇṇa-vanto yasassino,|| Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.|| ||

Purimaṃ disaṃ Dhataraṭṭho dakkhiṇena Virū’hako|| Pacchimena Virūpakkho Kuvero uttaraṃ disaṃ.|| Cattāro te Mahārājā samantā caturo disā,|| Daddallamānā aṭṭhaṃsu vane Kāpilavatthave.|| ||

10. Tesaṃ māyāvino dāsā āgu vañcanikā saṭhā|| Māyā Kuṭeṇḍu Veṭeṇḍu Viṭuc ca Viṭucco saha|| Candano Kāmaseṭṭho ca Kin nughaṇḍu Nighaṇḍu ca|| Panādo Opamañño ca devasūto ca Mātalī.|| Cittaseno ca gandhabbo Na’o rājā Janesabho|| Āgu Pañcasikho c’eva Timbaru Suriyavaccasā.|| Ete c’aññe ca rājāno gandhabbā saha rājubhi|| Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.|| ||

11. Ath’āgu Nābhasā nāgā Vesālā saha Tacchakā,|| Kambalassatarā āgu Pāyāgā saha ñātibhi.|| Yāmunā Dhataraṭṭho ca āgu nāgā yasassino,|| Erāvaṇo mahā-nāgo so p’āga samitiṃ vanaṃ.|| ||

Ye nāga-rāje sahasā haranti|| Dibbā dijā pakkhi visuddha-cakkhu|| [259] Vehāsayā te vana-majjha-pattā|| Citrā Supaṇṇā iti tesaṃ nāmāṃ.|| Abhayaṃ tadā nāga rājānam āsi,|| Supaṇṇato khemam akāsi Buddho,|| Saṇhāhi vācāhi upavhayantā|| ||

Nāgā Supaṇṇā saraṇam agaṃsu Buddhaṃ.|| ||

12. Jitā Vajira-hatthena samuddaṃ Asurā sitā|| Bhātaro Vāsavass’ete iddhimanto yasassino|| Kālakañjā mahābhiṃsā Asurā Dānaveghasā|| Vepacitti Sucittī ca Pahārādo Namuci saha|| Satañ ca Bali-puttānaṃ sabbe Veroca-nāmakā|| Sannayahitvā baliṃ senaṃ Rāhubhaddam upāgamuṃ:|| ‘Samayo dāni bhaddan te bhikkhūnaṃ samitaṃ vanaṃ’.|| ||

13. Āpo ca devā Paṭhavī ca Tejo Vāyo tad āgamuṃ,|| Varuṇā Vāruṇā devā Somo ca Yasasā saha,|| Mettā-karuṇā-kāyikā āgu devā yasassino.|| ||

Das’ete dasadhā kāyā sabbe nānatta-vaṇṇino|| Iddhimanto jutīmanto vaṇṇa-vanto yasassino|| Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.|| ||

14. Veṇhū ca devā Sahalī ca Asamā ca duve Yamā,|| Candassūpanisā devā Candam āgu purakkhatvā,|| Suriyassūpanisā devā Suriyam āgu purakkhatvā,|| Nakkhattāni purakkhatvā āgu Manda-valāhakā,|| [260] Vasūnaṃ Vāsavo seṭṭho Sakko p’āga purindado.|| ||

Das’ete dasadhā kāyā sabbe nānatta-vaṇṇino|| Iddhimanto jutīmanto vaṇṇa-vanto yasassino|| Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.|| ||

15. Ath’āgu Sahabhū devā jalam aggi-sikhā’r’iva,|| Ariṭṭhakā ca Rojo ca ummā-puppha-nibhāsino,|| Varuṇā Saha-dhammā ca Accutā ca Anejakā,|| Sūleyya-rucirā āgu, āgu Vāsavanesino.|| ||

Das’ete dasadhā kāyā sabbe nānatta-vaṇṇino|| Iddhimanto jutīmanto vaṇṇa-vanto yasassino|| Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.|| ||

16. Samānā Mahā-samānā Mānusā Mānusuttamā|| Khiḍḍā-padūsikā āgu, āgu Mano-padūsikā,|| Ath’āgu Harayo devā ye ca Lohita-vāsino|| Pāragā Mahā-pāragā āgu devā yasassino.|| ||

Das’ete dasadhā kāyā sabbe nānatta-vaṇṇino|| Iddhimanto jutīmanto vaṇṇa-vanto yasassino|| Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.|| ||

17. Sukkā Karamhā Aruṇā āgu Vekhanasā saha,|| Odāta-gayhā pāmokkhā āgu devā Vicakkhaṇā,|| Sadāmattā Hāragajā Missakā ca yasassino,|| Thanayaṃ āga Pajjanto yo disā abhivassati.|| ||

Das’ete dasadhā kāyā sabbe nānatta-vaṇṇino|| Iddhimanto jutīmanto vaṇṇa-vanto yasassino|| Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.|| ||

18. [261] Khemiyā Tusitā Yāmā Kaṭṭhakā ca yasassino,|| Lambitakā Lāma-seṭṭhā Joti-nāmā ca Āsavā,|| Nimmāṇa-ratino āgu, ath’āgu Paranimmitā.|| ||

Das’ete dasadhā kāyā sabbe nānatta-vaṇṇino|| Iddhimanto jutīmanto vaṇṇa-vanto yasassino|| Modamānā abhikkāmuṃ bhikkhūnaṃ samitiṃ vanaṃ.|| ||

19. Saṭṭh’ete deva-nikāyā sabbe nānatta-vaṇṇino,|| Nāmatvayena āgañchuṃ ye c’aññe sadisā saha.|| ‘Pavuttha-jātim akhīlaṃ ogha-tiṇṇaṃ anāsavaṃ|| Dakkhem’ogha-taraṃ nāgaṃ candaṃ va asitātigaṃ.’|| ||

20. Subrahmā Paramatto ca puttā iddhimato saha|| Sanaṅ-kumāro Tisso ca so p’āga samitiṃ vanaṃ.|| Sahassaṃ-Brahmalokānaṃ Mahā-Brahmā’bhitiṭṭhati,|| Upapanno jutīmanto bhismā-kāyo yasassi so.|| Das’ettha issarā āgu pacceka-vasavattino,|| Tesañ ca majjhato āga Hārito parivārito.|| ||

21. Te ca sabbe abhikkante sa-Inde-deve sa-Brahmake,|| Māra-senā abhikkāmi passa Kaṇhassa mandiyaṃ.|| [262] ‘Etha gaṇhatha bandhatha rāgena bandham atthu ve|| Samantā parivāretha mā vo muñcittha koci naṃ’.|| Iti tattha Mahā-seno Kaṇha-senaṃ apesayi,|| Pāṇinā thālam āhacca saraṃ katvāna bheravaṃ.|| Yathā pāvussako megho thanayanto savijjuko,|| Tadā so pacucadāvatti saṅkuddho asayaṃvasī.|| ||

22. Tañ ca sabbaṃ abhiññāya vavatthitvāna cakkhumā|| Tato āmantayī Satthā sāvake sāsane rate:|| ‘Māra-senā abhikkantā, te vijānātha bhikkhavo.’|| Te ca ātappam akaruṃ sutvā Buddhassa sāsanaṃ.|| Vīta-rāgehi pakkāmuṃ na saṃ lomam pi iñjayuṃ.|| Sabbe vijita-saṅgāmā bhayātītā yasassino|| Modanti saha bhūtehi sāvakā te jane sutā ti.|| ||

Mahāsamayasuttaṃ samattaṃ

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